Brian Szuster's Tourism Research Lab





Hawai'i hosts approximately seven million visitors each year who spend more than $11 billion during their stay on the islands. More than 80% of these visitors engage in coastal or marine recreation activities such as snorkeling or scuba diving. Given this level of recreational use, Hawaii's Department of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR) faces a set of management challenges in areas under its jurisdiction including: mitigating reef environments from degradation, protecting public access, determining recreational use thresholds, managing use levels to ensure that these thresholds are not violated, and ensuring that user experiences are not compromised. This study presents a comprehensive assessment of social impacts related to marine recreation activities at the Molokini Shoal Marine Life Conservation District (MLCD). It presents a rigorous scientific approach capable of assessing social impacts related to marine recreation use, and applies this approach at the Molokini Shoal MLCD to test its performance and potential transferability to other high priority marine recreation sites across the State of Hawai'i.

Download the Final Report:

Executive Summary - download pdf (21mb)

Chapter 1: Introduction - download pdf (600kb)

Chapter 2: Administrative Context- download pdf (4mb)

Chapter 3: Environmental Context - download pdf (8mb)

Chapter 4: Focus Group Results - download pdf (100kb)

Chapter 5: Survey Results - download pdf (15mb)

References - download pdf (100kb)

Appendices - download pdf (12mb)