The text below comes from The Indepedent Bear Report, published circa 1988 by the EF! Journal.
The Journal also published a sheet of practical Action Resource Information.

Fear and Loathing in Grizzly Country:
Hayduke's Practical Guide to Staying Alive in Wilderness

    1.  Learn about bears before you go into Grizzly country.  The onus is upon we humans to educate ourselves about bears.  They already know all they need to about us.  The responsibility for your own ass is strictly yours.  Don't even consider laying the blame on anyone else for a mauling or other natural accident.  Forget about litigation.  If you're worried about these things, don't go.

    2.  Know your place in the world.  Go into Grizzly country with humility.  It is the emotional posture which permits reason, fosters learning and constitutes the correct attitude for living with an animal that can eat your ass any time it wants to.

    3.  Before your trip, prepare yourself mentally and make yourself receptive.  Meditate, go back in time and seek a sacred connection.  Imagine yourself on a vision quest.  Clean yourself out.  Get off booze and drugs and chemicals.  Consider fasting for a day or two.  Watch what you eat and don't travel into Griz country smelling of old tuna fish; it translates into bad karma and has negative practical consequences.

    4.  Once out there, be alert.  Forget about scenery and try to see from the viewpoint of the animal.  Keep your senses sweeping the treeline and pay attention to detail; see how things interact.  Most of all, sneak around.  Travel quietly and don't let yourself be seen.  These ancient instincts of the hunter are especially relevant in today's highly regulated backcountry areas.

    5.  Don't corrupt a bear with human food.  Bears learn through their stomachs.  Feeding is their most important activity.  They will tolerate much discomfort and even pain if they are rewarded with something good to eat.  Wild bears are usually shy around people, but they change in a hurry if they get into human food.

    6.  Take little or no supermarket food into the wilderness.  Forage off the land as much as possible; dig roots and pick berries.  Take no aromatic food.  Choose dry food over food requiring cooking.  Avoid animal products; grains and fruits are better than smoked salmon or jerky.  Your wilderness trip is not a diversion.  Fuck recreation, this is the real world.

    7.  Pay attention to what other animals are saying, especially bears.  The Grizzlies are talking to you.  The only species of animal which tries to get by in the wilderness without interspecific tact or communication is the human critter.  All other animals take stock of what each other is doing and make adjustments in their lives for the presence and behavior of the rest of the animal kingdom.  Grizzlies especially have a body language in which the mere style of gait communicates instantly how the bear is feeling and what the bear is up to on that particular day.  A young Brown Bear on a salmon stream can tell in a glance if he should flee the big boar who is 150 yards away.  Elk know when Grizzlies are predatory, and at other times stand 50 feet away watching as a bear walks through the middle of their herd to the next berry patch.  A bear that looks taciturn to us communicates in total body language to other bears.  People can learn to read some of this behavior.

    Grizzlies communicate with their size, posture, mouths, ears, eyes.  A Grizzly standing on its rear feet swinging its head is only trying to see and smell better.  Bears whoosh when alarmed, and this is no threat.  A bear who woofs but does not run away is a threat.  Huffing, scratching at a log, and mouth chomping are signs for you to slowly depart.  If the Grizzly pops its jaw and slobbers, leave more quickly.  If the bear's head is turned to the side, you can still escape without getting chewed on.  Grizzlies are usually quiet; growls are uncommon but they mean what they sound like.  Once the head is lowered and the ears are flat back, you'll probably be charged.  If the eyes fix at the last moment and turn cold, you're in the worst of shit.  The icy stare is caused by the eyelids retracting to the corner of the eyes, revealing the yellow sclera.  It only happens at the last second and is the final signal you see before flying fur.

    There are many variations and nuances of such behavior noticeable if not comprehensible to humans.  Pay attention to them.

Guidelines for Hiking and Camping in Griz Country

    There's a lot of bullshit out there about what to do in bear country and how to act if you encounter a Grizzly.  One agency handout will tell you not to fornicate or menstruate in the woods, and not to run away but to climb trees or make noise if you are charged; the next leaflet may say exactly the opposite.  Much of this conflicting advice results from responsible agencies worrying about covering their asses legally and assuming their clientele are hicks.  But some of the confusion is the honest product of the individuality of all bears and the uniqueness of each situation.

General Rules for Entering Bear Country

    1.  Don't hike like a yuppie.  Move down the trail or bushwhack like an animal.  Stop and listen every five minutes or so; more often in brushy country.  You are not the dominant species out there.  Your rusty senses are better than you think, especially your senses of smell and hearing.

    2.  See the Grizzly before the Grizzly sees you.  I can't overemphasize this point and it is easier to achieve than it sounds.  I prefer to walk into the wind.  This is contrary to the advice you read in government brochures.  My intent is to see bears, not to avoid them; because of this I move into the wind slowly, stopping to listen every other minute or so depending on the acoustics of the habitat.  Bears make a lot of noise most of the time when they're not wary of intrusion.

    At times it is wise to let a Grizzly know you're around.  For instance, Grizzlies bed in predictable places — like clumps of Krummolz in alpine areas or willow bottoms in the Arctic — places through which you may have to walk.  At these times I circle to the windward and let my scent blow into the bedded animal.  But in general, don't disturb bears or other animals with your human scent any more than you must.  Each disturbance takes vital energy away from the Grizzly, and in exceptionally lean years human harassment of wildlife can make the difference between survival and starvation.  Padding the margin of human safety out there is not important.  Grizzlies and wilderness are risky propositions — as they should be.

    3.  Travel quietly.  There are a few times when it is necessary to make noise, and in those rare situations the human voice — at conversational tones — suffices.  Bear bells are obscene.  They disrupt the life of virtually every animal in Grizzly country.  If you feel you need airhorns or bear bells in the wilderness, please stay home.  I talk when bears are active on brushy trails around blind corners.  Sometimes I sing real quiet like.  But never country western.  Whatever you do in Griz country, don't sing country western.

    4.  Get out of the way.  When you see what bears are doing, you can avoid them.  If you must pass them — say, on a ridgetop — you will have time to retreat to a safe cliff-face (female Grizzlies with young will do the same to avoid males) or climb a tree.  This is about the only time I recommend climbing a tree.

    5.  Don't try to run or climb a tree when a Griz sees you.   The biggest single cause of Griz maulings is people running and trying to climb trees after drawing the attention of bears.  Government handouts are bad on this point.  It's too late to climb a tree if the bear is aware of you.  If you doubt me, do a dry run tree climb and time yourself.  A Griz in Denali was clocked at 41 mph.  That's fast.  They run well up or down hills.  Once you're face to face with a Grizzly Bear, only calm and dignified action combined with luck will save you.

    6.  Pay attention to sows with young.  They are a special case.  Most Grizzly maulings are by mothers with cubs.  They account for 75% of all injuries, although probably 95% or these injuries could have been avoided by the victims if they had acted wisely.  It doesn't seem to matter whether the young bears are cubs, yearlings, or even two-year-olds.  One might suspect moms with cubs of the year to be more protective but that is not at all clear.  All mother Grizzlies appear equally dangerous.

    The one way to avoid a dangerous situation is to never approach a Grizzly family (see step 2).  If you do end up within a mother bear's critical distance (the area in which she will violently defend her cubs — sometimes as much as 100 yards, though 100 feet is more common), don't run.  Running will precipitate a charge or chase, and if you keep running… an attack.  Don't look directly at a Grizzly; that represents a challenge and the bear may choose to resolve it with a fight, which you will lose.

    The salient point is that getting too close to a Griz is a mistake — your mistake — and once it happens the options are limited and will ultimately be painful if you continue your blunders.  Above all, don't complain.  You will minimize your injuries by remaining unmacho and taking your licks quickly.  Think of the scars to show off and the stories you can tell.

    7.  Never camp in a place bears feed, travel or bed.  I always set up a tent regardless of weather.  I sleep in the middle of the tent.  Of course, I'm one paranoid sucker.  Nonetheless, night is the only time I expect Grizzlies to slip into that fearsome predatory personality you read about in magazines and see in horror films.  It's rare as hell, but it has happened.  It is the stuff of nightmares.

Grizzly Bears and Wilderness Ethics

    Crowding in on an animal — like the Grizzly — which represents wilderness is a paradoxical undertaking which carries a special onus — a responsibility for which there are no longer living role models.  The relationships of ancient hunting peoples with animals were contractual, based on mutual observations, or principles of reciprocity.  Animals were seen as earthly relatives living in spiritual configurations, not as soulless creatures who activated no moral relationship.

    Any ethic designed to keep the wilderness wild is tied to having animals like Grizzlies who nudge you in a certain direction, who demand behavior that throws you back upon those ancient hunting agreements.  Without them we are likely to take the path of least resistance and conduct ourselves in accordance with precepts of human ascendancy.