Walburg, V., Friederich, F., & Callahan, S. (2014). Embarrassment and modesty feelings during pregnancy, childbirth and follow-up care: A qualitative approach. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 32, 126-136. doi:10.1080/02646838.2013.860518 [added September 22, 2014]
Walker, B. A. (1975). Relative status, anticipated interaction, and social facilitation as determinants of humorous responses to embarrassment. (Unpublished master's thesis). Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.
Walker, J. R. (1994). Dying of embarrassment: Help for social anxiety and phobia: Markway, B. G., Carmin,C. N., Pollard, C. A., & Flynn, T. [Review of the book Dying of embarrassment: Help for social anxiety and phobia]. Anxiety, 1, 104-104.
Walker, J., & Knauer, V. (2011). Humiliation, self-esteem and violence. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 22, 724-741. doi:10.1080/14789949.2011.617542 [added March 25, 2013]
Wan, L. C. (2013). Culture's impact on consumer complaining responses to embarrassing service failure. Journal of Busines Research, 66, 298-305. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2011.08.009 [added January 17, 2013]
Warren, D. E., & Smith-Crowe, K. (2008). Deciding what's right: The role of external sanctions and embarrassment in shaping moral judgments in the workplace. Research in Organizational Behavior, 28, 81-105. doi:10.1016/j.riob.2008.04.004
Wasson, L. A. (1999). Embarrassment: Situated definitions of an emotion. Dissertation Abstracts International, 61 (1), 393A.
Watson, D. I. (1999). "Loss of face" in Australian classrooms. Teaching in Higher Education, 4, 355-62.
Weinberg, M. S. (1968). Embarrassment: Its variable and invariable aspects. Social Forces, 46, 382-388.
Weisfeld, G. E., & Weisfeld, M. B. (2014). Does a humorous element characterize embarrassment? Humor-International Journal of Humor Research, 27, 65-85. DOI:10.1515/humor-2013-0050 [added September 22, 2014]
Wetsman, A. (1990). A sociobiological view of shame and embarrassment. Unpublished master's thesis, University of Wisconsin, Madison.
White, G. W. (2001), Teachers' report of how they used humor with students' perceived use of such humor. Education, 122, 337-347.
White, T. B . (2004). Consumer disclosure and disclosure avoidance: A motivational framework. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 14, 41-51.
Widen, S. C., Christy, A. M., Hewett, K., & Russell, J. A. (2011). Do proposed facial expressions of contempt, shame, embarrassment, and compassion communicate the predicted emotion? Cognition & Emotion, 25, 898-906. doi:10.1080/02699931.2010.508270 [added March 25, 2013]
Wight, D., & West, P. (1999). Poor recall, misunderstandings and embarrassment: Interpreting discrepancies in young men's reported heterosexual behaviour. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 1, 55-78.
Wilhelm, F. H., Kocha, A. S., Roth, W. T., & Gross, J. J. (2001). Social anxiety and response to touch: Incongruence between self-evaluative and physiological reactions. Biological Psychology, 58, 181-202.
Williams, N. F. (1994). The physical education hall of shame. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 65, 17-21.
Wilson, S. R., Aleman, C. G., & Leatham, G. B. (1998). Identity implications of influence goals: A revised analysis of face-threatening acts and application to seeking compliance with same-sex friends. Human Communication Research, 25, 64-96.
Wimer, D. J. (1998). How being embarrassed for oneself or being embarrassed for others relates to appreciation of victimizing jokes. Unpublished senior thesis, Ithaca College, Ithaca, NY.
Wimer, D. J., & Beins, B. C. (1999, March). Components of embarrassability and humor responses. Paper presented at the University of Scranton Psychology Conference, Scranton, NY.
Winters, G. C. (1975). An empirical investigation of the constituents of embarrassment. (Unpublished master's thesis). United States International University, San Diego, CA.
Withers, L. A. (1997). A comparison of typologies for the coding and gender differences in reporting of embarrassing situations. (Unpublished master's thesis). University of Maine, Orono, ME.
Withers, L. A. (2002). To err is human: Embarrassment, communication apprehension, attachment, and attribution styles. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT.
Withers, L. A. (2002, March). To err is human: Embarrassment, communication apprehension, and attachment types. Paper presented at the meeting of the Western States Communication Association, Long Beach, CA.
Withers, L. A., & Sheehan, M., & Buck, R. (2000, August). Fear, embarrassment, attachment, and coping in a public speaking context. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Society for Research on Emotions, Quebec City, Canada.
Withers, L. A., Sheehan, M., & Buck, R. (2001, May). Seeing red: Embarrassment, attachment, and competence in a public speaking context. Paper presented at the meeting of the International Communication Association, Washington, D.C.
Withers, L. A., Sheehan, M. A., & Buck, R. (2004, November). Still seeing red: Embarrassment, attachment, and competence in a public speaking context. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Communication Association, Chicago, IL.
Withers, L. A., & Sherblom, J. C. (1998, April). Now thats embarrassing! But why? A comparison of embarrassment typologies. Paper presented at the Eastern Communication Association Convention, Saratoga Springs, NY.
Withers, L. A., & Sherblom, J. C. (1999, February). Awkward interaction or social evaluation: A comparison of the assumptions and implications of embarrassment typologies. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Western States Communication Association, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
Withers, L. A., & Sherblom, J. C. (2008). Embarrassment: The communication of an awkward actor anticipating a negative evaluation. Human Communication, 11, 241 – 260.
Withers, L. A., & Vernon, L. L. (2006). To err is human: Embarrassment, attachment, and communication apprehension. Personality and Individual Differences, 40, 99-110.
Wolchover, D. (1988). Attacking confessions with past police embarrassments. Criminal Law Review, September, 573-583.
Wolf, M. S., Williams, M. V., Parker, R. M., Parikh, N. S., Nowlan, A. W., & Baker, D. W. (2007). Patients' shame and attitudes toward discussing the results of literacy screening. Journal of Health Communication, 12, 721-732. doi:10.1080/10810730701672173
Wong, K. Y. (2006). Consumer embarrassment. (Unpublished master's thesis). Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
Wright, D., & West, P. (1999). Poor recall, misunderstandings and embarrassment: Interpreting discrepancies in young men's reported heterosexual behaviour. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 1, 55-78.
Wright, T. J. (1996). Afrikan American face-saving strategies in friendship embarrassing situations: A qualitative study. (Unpublished master's thesis). Callifornia State University, Fullerton, CA.
Wu, L. & Mattila, A. (2013). Investigating consumer embarrassment in service interactions. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 33, 196-202. doi:10.1016/j.ijhm.2012.08.003 [added September 22, 2014]
Last updated on September 2, 2014
Copyright © 2001-2014 William F. Sharkey