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Papadopoulou, K. (1995). The development of children's understanding of negative reflexive social emotions. In J. A. Russell et al. (Eds.), Everyday conceptions of emotion (pp. 333-351). Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Parrish, K. M., Higuchi, S., Stinson, F. S., Dufour, M. C. et al. (1990). Genetic or cultural determinants of drinking: A study of embarrassment at facial flushing among Japanese and Japanese-Americans. Journal of Substance Abuse, 2, 439-447.

Parrott, W. G. (1995). Embarrassment. In A. S. R. Manstead & M. Hewstone (Eds.), The Blackwell encyclopedia of social psychology (pp. 196-198). Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Parrott, W. G., & Harré, R. (1991). Smedslundian suburbs in the city of language: The case of embarrassment. Psychological Inquiry, 2, 358-361.

Parrott, W. G., & Harré, R. (1996). Embarrassment and the threat to character. In R. Harré & W. G. Parrott (Eds.), The emotions (pp. 39-56). London: Sage.

Parrott, W. G., Sabini, J., & Silver, M. (1988). The roles of self-esteem and social interaction in embarrassment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 14, 191-202.

Parrott, W. G., & Smith, S. F. (1991). Embarrassment: Actual vs. typical cases, classical vs. prototypical representations. Cognition and Emotion, 5, 467-488.

Pattee, A. S. (2004). Mass market mortification: The developmental appropriateness of teen magazines and the embarrassing story standard. Library Quarterly, 74,1-20.

Pettijohn, R. G., McDermott, L. A., & Naples, G. M. (2008). Triggers of most embarrassing moment recollections in a college sample. Social Behavior and Personaligy, 36, 549-550. doi: 10.2224/sbp.2008.36.4.549

Patton, K. R., Bartfield, J. M., & McErlean, M. (2003). The effect of practitioner characteristics on patient pain and embarrassment during ED internal examinations. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21, 205-207.

Paulus, F. M., Kamp-Becker, I., & Krach, S. (2013). Demands in reflecting about another's motives and intentions modulate vicarious embarrassment in autism spectrum disorders. Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 34(4), 1312-1321. doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2013.01.009 [new] [added September 18, 2014]

Paulus, F. M., Muller-Pinzler, L., Westermannn, S., & Krach, S. (2013). On the distinction of empathic and vicarious emotions. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 196. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00196. eCollection 2013 [new] [added September 22, 2014]

Pawluk, C. J. (1989). Social construction of teasing. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 19, 145-167.

Petronio, S. (1984). Communication strategies to reduce embarrassment differences between men and women. Western Journal of Speech Communication, 48, 28-38.

Petronio, S., Olson, C. & Dollar, N. (1988). Relational Embarrassment: Impact on relational quality and communication satisfaction. Western Speech Communication Association Convention, San Diego, CA.

Petronio, S. (1990). The use of a communication boundary perspective to contextualize embarrassment research. In J. A. Anderson (Ed.), Communication Yearbook 13 (pp. 365-373). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Petronio, S. (1992, February). Planning strategic embarrassment: Testing a theory. Paper presented at the Western States Communication Association Convention, Boise, ID.

Petronio, S. (1998, November). The interpersonal uses of strategic embarrassment: Shaming the public. Paper presented at the meeting of the National Communication Association Convention, New York, NY.

Petronio, S. (2000). Embarrassment. In D. Levinson, J. Ponzetti & P. Jorgensen (Eds.). Encyclopedia of human emotion. N.Y.: Macmillan Library Reference.

Petronio, S. (2000). The embarrassment of private disclosures: A case study of newly married couples. In D. O. Braithwaite & J. T. Wood (Eds.), Case studies in interpersonal communication: Processes and problems (pp. 130-138). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Petronio, S., Olson, C. & Dollar, N. (1988, February). Relational embarrassment: Impact on relational quality and communication satisfaction. Paper presented at the Western Speech Communication Association Convention, San Diego, CA.

Petronio, S., Olson, C., & Dollar, N. (1988). Relational embarrassment: Impact on relational quality and communication satisfaction. In D. O'Hair & B. R. Patterson (Eds.), Advances in interpersonal communication research: Proceedings of the annual conference of the Western States Communication Association (pp. 195-206). Las Cruces, NM: Communication Resources Center.

Petronio, S., Olson, C., & Dollar, N. (1989). Privacy issues in relational embarrassment: Impact on relational quality and communication satisfaction. Communications Research Reports, 6, 21-27.

Petronio, S., & Snider, E. (1990, November). Planned strategic embarrassment. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Speech Communication Association, Chicago, IL.

Petronio, S., & Snider, E. (1992, February). Planning strategic embarrassment: Testing a theory. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Western States Communication Association, Boise, ID.

Pettijohn, T. F. II, McDermott, L. A., & Naples, G. M. (2008).  Triggers of most embarrassing moment recollections in a college sample.  Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 36, 549-550.

Pettijohn, T. F. II, Naples, G. M., & McDermott, L. A. (2010). Gender, college year, and romantic relaitonship status differences in embarrassment and self attitudes of college students. Individual Differences Research, 8, 164-170.

Pettijohn, T. F. II., Sirgany, K. A., Curry, J., Vaughn, T., Ledford, S., and Seeman, B. (1998, April). Gender differences in embarrassibility: Does the presence of a potential dating partner make a difference? Poster presented at the meeting of the Psi Chi Convention for the Behavioral Sciences, Athens, GA.

Phares, P., Horak, T., Burrill, M., & Lansing, S. (1999, October). The effects of embarrassment on helping behavior. Poster presented at the Tri-State Undergraduate Psychology Conference, Rockford College, Rockford, IL.

Pilavachi, P. Z. (1995). A cross-cultural perspective on face-repair strategies in embarrassing situations: Japan vs. the United States. Dissertation Abstracts International, 55 (10), 3226A.

Piper, N. (2013). Audiencing Jamie Oliver: Embarrassment, voyeurism and reflexive positioning. Geoforum, 45, 348-355. doi:10.1016/j.geoforum.2012.11.025 [new] [added September 22, 2014]

Pit, J. (2004). Digital blush: Towards shame and embarrassment in multi-agent information trading applications. Cognition, Technology & Work, 6, 23 - 36.

Plugge, H. (1967). Concerning the types of human embarrassment. Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, 15(1-2), 1-12.

Pollack, M. H. (2001). Comorbidity, neurobiology, and pharmacotherapy of social anxiety disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 62 (Supplement 12), 24-29.

Pollentier, S. (1992). Wie aus der Erythrophobie eine soziale Phobie wurde: Eine Uebersicht der klinisch-diagnostischen Problematik [How erythrophobia turned into a social phobia: A review of clinical and diagnostic problems]. Nervenarzt, 63, 28-33.

Preisler, R. (1983). Self-disclosure in the context of varying conditions of embarrassment and self-presentational concerns. Dissertation Abstracts International, 44, 3981B.

Price, A. L. (1941). Why embarrass your patient? American Journalf of Nursing, 41, 410.

Prover, R. T., Meier, L. E., Platt, T., & Ruch, W. (2013). Dealing with laughter and ridicule in adolescence: Relations with bullying and emotional responses. Social Psychology of Education, 16, 399-420. doi:10.1007/s11218-013-9221-y [new] [added September 18, 2014]

Pruett, K. D. (1988). Young narcissus at the music stand: Developmental perspectives from embarrassment to exhibitionism. Medical Problems of Performing Artists, 3, 69-75.

Pulhan, D. J. (2010). Humiliation and its relationship to embarrassment and shame. Dissertation Abstracts International, B: Sciences and Engineering, 70, no. 09, 5899.

Purshouse, L. (2001). Embarrassment: A philosophical analysis. Philosophy, 76, 515-546.

Quinton, A. (1997). Humiliation. Social Research, 64, 77.


 
 

Last updated on September 2, 2014

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