Nakamura, K. (1992). A review of social phobia research and treatment: From a Morita therapist's perspective. International Bulletin of Morita Therapy, 5, 35-45.

Naples, G. M. , McDermott, L. A., Pettijohn II, T. F., & Pettijohn, T. F. (2008, May). Gender, age, and romantic relationship status differences in embarrassment and self attitudes of college students. Paper presented at the Association for Psychological Science conference, Chicago, IL.

Nazan, A., Van Voorhis, L. L., Weber, E. S. & Georgeson-Dunn, H. (1999, April). Developmental progression of embarrassment and self-development in the second year. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Albuquerque, NM.

Neckel, N. (1991). Status und scham: Zur symbolischen reproduktion sozialer ungleichheit [Status and shame: The symbolic reproduction of social inequality (Scham und Peinlichkeit [Shame and embarrassment] , pp. 107-118). Frankfut, Germany: Campus Verlag.

Nelson, N. L., Hudspeth, K., & Russell, J. A. (2013). A story superiority effect for disgust, fear, embarrassment, and pride. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 31, 334-348. doi:10.1111/bjdp.12011 [new] [added September 18, 2014]

Neto, F. (2001). Personality predictors of happiness. Psychological Reports, 88, 817-824.

Neto, F., & Mullet, E. (2004). Personality, Self-esteem, and Self-construal as Correlates of Forgivingness. European Journal of Personality, 18, 15-30.

Neyhart, M. L. (1991). Motivational and cognitive components of self presentation in humor and embarrassment: A multi-measure approach. Dissertation Abstracts International, 52 (5), 2822B.

Nicoleau, A., Balzora, J. D., Chowdhury, M., Saw, D., Nussbaum, M., & Lorber, D. (2004). Flatulence and carpopedal spasm: More than social embarrassment. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, 97, 105-106.

Nicolson, P. (2002). Young women's early hetero-sexual experiences: Mystery, embarrassment and taboo. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychoogy, 20, 178-178.

No Author. (2006). V. Manifesting pride, guilt, and embarrassment/coyness [Monograph]. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 71, 94-112. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5834.2006.00392.x

Nordvoll, T., & Vikander, N. (1998). "...All were embarrassed, and none dared to go into the shower" - Pupil self concept in physical education. European Journal of Physical Education, 3, 116.

Novak, W. G. (1986). The measurement and construct of shame (guilt, embarrassment). Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.


Last updated on September 2, 2014

Send additional references,
updates, and corrections to
William F. Sharkey

Copyright 2001-2014 William F. Sharkey

Search the
Bibliography of Embarrassment Research