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MacDonald, L. M., & Davies, M. F. (1983). Effects of being observed by a friend or stranger on felt embarrassment and attributions of embarrassment. Journal of Psychology, 113, 171-174.

MacKay, R. (1992). Embarrassment in the classroom. In A. Van Essen & E. Burkart (Eds.), Homage to W. R. Lee: Essays in English as a foreign or second language (pp. 153-163). Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany: Foris.

MacKay, R. (1993). Embarrassment and hygiene in the classroom. Elt Journal, 47, 32.

Maltby, J., & Day, L. (2000). The reliability and validity of a susceptibility to embarrassment scale among adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 29, 749-756.

Manstead, A. S. R. (1977). Social psychological factors governing the arousal of embarrassment. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Sussex, Wetherby, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom.

Marcus, D. K., & Miller, R. S. (1999). The perception of "live" embarrassment: A social relations analysis of class presentations. Cognition & Emotion, 13, 105-117.

Marcus, D. K., Wilson, J. R., & Miller, R. S. (1996). Are perceptions of emotion in the eye of the beholder? A social relations analysis of judgments of embarrassment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 1220-1228.

Markway, B. G., Carmin, C. N., Pollard, C. A., & Flynn, T. (1992). Dying of embarrassment: Help for social anxiety & phobia. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger.

Marshall, E. (2009). Factors influencing reported vicarious embarrassment. (Unpublished master's thesis). Florida Atalantic University, Honors College, Boca Raton, FL.

Martin, W. B. W. (1987). Students' perceptions of causes and consequences of embarrassment in the school. Canadian Journal of Education, 12, 277-293.

Martins, C. B. (2008). Notas sobre o sentimento de embaraco em Erving Goffman [Notes on the feeling of embarrassment in Erving Goffman]. Revista Brasileira de Ciencias Sociais, 23, 137-144.

Maslow, A. H. (1939). Dominance, personality, and social behavior in women. Journal of Social Psychology, 10, 3-39.

Masataka, H., Teruya, Y., Higuchi, M., Nakamura, N., & Kuranaga, H. (2012). Cause and effect of embarrassment related to breast cancer screening in Japan. International Journal of Psychology, 47, 434-434. [new] [added March 25, 2013]

Matarazzo O. (1999). Antecedenti situazionali di Vergogna, Imbarazzo e Senso di colpa [Background of situational shame, embarrassment and guilt]. In M. Sbandi (a cura di), Memoria e narrazione. Napoli, Italy: Idelson Gnocchi.

Matsumoto, Y. (1988). Reexamination of the universality of face: Politeness phenomena in Japanese. Journal of Pragmatics, 12, 403-426.

McCabe, C. S., & Blake, D. R. (2008). An embarrassment of pain perceptions? Towards an understanding of and explanation for the clinical presentation of CRPS type 1. Rheumatology, 47, 1612-1616. doi:10.1093/rheumatology/ken254

McCambridge, S. A., & Consedine, N. S. (2014). For whom the bell tolls: Experimentally-manipulated disgust and embarrassment may cause anticipated sexual healthcare avoidance among some people. Emotion, 14, 407-415. doi:10.1037/a0035209 [new] [added September 22, 2014]

McClish, C. L. (2009). Activism based in embarrassment: The anti-consumption spirituality of the Reverend Billy. Liminalities: A Journal of Performance Studies, 5, 1-20.

McClure, K. A., Dowacter, A. B., Rainbolt, N. R., & Kelly, K. M. (2001, June). Social punishment, embarrassment, and experience with law enforcement. Paper presented at the annual conference of the American Psychological Society, Toronto, Ontario.

McDonald, J., & McKelvie, S. J. (1992). Playing it safe: Helping rates for a dropped mitten and a box of condoms. Psychological Reports, 71, 113-114.

McLaughlin, M. L., Cody, M. J., & O'Hair, H. D. (1983). The management of failure events: Some contextual determinants of accounting behavior. Human Communication Research, 9, 208-224.

McPherson, M. B. (1992). Student's perceptions of teacher-initiated embarrassment in the college classroom. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, CA.

McPherson, M. B., & Kearney, P. (1992, February). Classroom embarrassment: Types, goals, and face saving strategies. Paper presented at the meeting of the Western States Communication Association, Boise, ID.

McPherson, M. B., & Kearney, P. (1992, February). Students' perceptions of teacher-initiated embarrassment in the college classroom: A preliminary report. Paper presented at the meeting of the Western States Communication Association, Boise, ID.

Meerabeau, I. (1999). The management of embarrassment and sexuality in health care. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 29, 1507.

Meltzer, B. N. (1996). Reconceptualizing embarrassment: A reconsideration of the discreditation thesis. In N. K. Denzen (Ed.), Studies in symbolic interaction (vol. 20, pp. 121-138). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

Merkin, R. S. (2001). A cross-cultural examination of facework communication: An application of Hofstede's cultural dimensions. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Kent State University, OH.

Metts, S. (1997). Face and facework: Implications for the study of personal relationships. In S. Duck (Ed.), Handbook of personal relationships (2nd ed., pp. 373-390). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Metts, S. (2000). Face and facework: Implications for the study of personal relationships. In K. Dindia & S. Duck (Eds.), Communication and personal relationships (pp. 77-93). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Metts, S., & Cupach, W. R. (1988, November). The role of situation in the use and effectiveness of remedial strategies in embarrassing predicaments. Paper presented at the seventy-fourth annual Speech Communication Association Convention, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Metts, S., & Cupach, W. R. (1989). Situational influence on the use of remedial strategies in embarrassing predicaments. Communication Monographs, 56, 151-162.

Metts, S., Cupach, W. R., & Hazleton, V. (1987). Coping with social dis-ease: Remedial strategies and embarrassment. Paper presented at the Western Speech Communication Association convention, Salt Lake City, UT.

Metz, M. J. (2001). Social desirability and self-reported embarrassing behaviors: Computer-assisted and live interviews versus daily monitoring. (Unpublished master's thesis). Southwest Missoui State Unviersity, Springfield, MO.

Miller, D. T., & McFarland, C. (1987). Pluralistic ignorance: When similarity is interpreted as dissimilarity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 298-305.

Miller, R. S. (1978). Empathic embarrassment: Reactions to the embarrassment of another. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Florida, FL.

Miller, R. S. (1986). Embarrassment: Causes and consequences. In W. H. Jones, J. M. Cheek, & S. R. Briggs (Eds.), Shyness: Perspectives on research and treatment (pp. 295-311). New York: Plenum Press.

Miller, R. S. (1987). Empathic embarrassment: Situational and personal determinants of reactions to the embarrassment of another. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 1061-1069.

Miller, R. S. (1988, August). Embarrassability and reactions to the threat of embarrassment. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.

Miller, R. S. (1992). The nature and severity of self-reported embarrassing circumstances. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 18, 190-198.

Miller, R. S. (1995). Embarrassment and social behavior. In J. P. Tangney & K. W. Fischer (Eds.), Self-conscious emotions: The psychology of shame, guilt, embarrassment, and pride (pp. 322-339). New York: Guilford Press.

Miller, R. S. (1995). Embarrassment in Everyday Life: What to Do About It!: Review [Review of the book Embarrassment in everyday life: What to do about it]. Contemporary Psychology, 40, 484.

Miller, R. S. (1995). On the nature of embarrassability: Shyness, social evaluation, and social skill. Journal of Personality, 63, 315-339.

Miller, R. S. (1996). Embarrassment: Poise and peril in everyday life. New York: Guilford Press.

Miller, R. S. (1997, May). Responses to embarrassment compared. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Society, Washington, DC.

Miller, R. S. (1997, June). Responses to embarrassment among the young and old. Paper presented at the meeting of the International Network on Personal Relationships, Oxford, OH.

Miller, R. S. (1998, October). Interrelations of embarrassment, shame, and antisocial behavior. Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Experimental Social Psychology, Lexington, KY.

Miller, R. S. (1999). Emotion. In V. J. Derlega, W. H. Jones, & B. A. Winstead (Eds.). Personality: Contemporary theory and research (2nd ed.) (pp. 405-431). Chicago, IL: Nelson-Hall.

Miller, R. S. (2001). On the primacy of embarrassment in social life. Psychological Inquiry, 12, 30-33.

Miller, R. S. (2001). Embarrassment and social phobia: Distant cousins or close kin? In S. G.Hofmann & P. M. DiBartolo (Eds), From social anxiety to social phobia: Multiple perspectives (pp. 65-85). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Miller, R. S. (2001). Shyness and embarrassment compared: Siblings in the service of social evaluation. In W. R. Crozier, & L. E. Alden (Eds.), International handbook of social anxiety: Concepts, research and interventions relating to the self and shyness (pp. 281-300). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.

Miller, R. S. (2004). Emotion as adaptive interpersonal communication: The case of embarrassment. In L. Z. Tiedens & C. W. Leach, Colin Wayne (Eds.), The social life of emotions. Studies in emotion and social interaction (pp. 87-104). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Miller, R. S. (2007). Is embarrassment a blessing or a curse? In J. L. Tracy, R. W. Robins & J. P. Tangney (Eds.), The self-conscious emotions: Theory and research (pp. 245-262). New York: Oxford University Press.

Miller, R. S. (2009). Social anxiousness, shyness, and embarrassability. In M. R. Leary & R. H. Hoyle (Eds.), Handbook of individual differences in social behavior (pp. 176–191). NewYork ,NY: Guilford Press. [new] [added January 17, 2013]

Miller, R. S. (2010). Are embarrassment and social anxiety disorder merely distant cousins, or are they closer din? In S. G. Hofmann & P. M. DiBartolo (Eds), Social anxiety: Clinical, developmental, and social perspectives (2nd ed.) (pp. 93-118). London, England: Academic Press.

Miller, R. S., Bowersox, K., Cook, R., & Kahikina, C. (1996, April). Responses to embarrassment. Paper presented at the meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Houston.

Miller, R. S., & Fahey, D. E. (1991, August). Blushing as an appeasement gesture: Felt, displayed, and observed embarrassment. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco, CA.

Miller, R. S., & Leary, M. R. (1992). Social sources and interactive functions of emotion: The case of embarrassment. In M. S. Clark (Ed.), Emotion and social behavior (pp. 202-221). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Miller, R. S., & Miller, G. A. (1983, April). Reactions to the threat of embarrassment. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, San Antonio, TX.

Miller, R. S., & Stonehouse, C. (1995, June). Absolutely, positively, the world's best coding scheme for embarrassing predicaments. Paper presented at the meeting of the International Network for Personal Relationships, Williamsburg, VA.

Miller, R. S., & Tangney, J. P. (1992, August). Differentiating embarrassment and shame. Poster presented at the meetings of the American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C.

Miller, R. S., & Tangney, J. P. (1994). Differentiating embarrassment and shame. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 13, 273-287.

Miller, W. I. (1993). Humiliation: And other essays on honor, social discomfort, and violence. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Milton, J. (1971). An analysis of embarrassment. (Unpublished master's thesis). University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW, Australia.

Mir, L. (2009). Melhor avaliar o incómodo devido aos odores: influência do tom hedônico [How to better evaluate embarrassment from odors: Influence of hedonic tone]. Environnement Risques & Sante, 8, 18-19.

Mitchell, K. A. (2009). Development and testing of the colonoscopy embarrassment scale. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Peoria, IL.

Mitchell, K. A., & Rawl, S. (2009, March). Participant reports of colonoscopy-related embarrassment: Sources and resolution. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Nursing Research Society, Minneapolis, MN. Retrieved from http://www.nursinglibrary.org/vhl/handle/10755/158720 [new] [added February 14, 2012]

Mitchell, K. A., Rawl, S. M., Champion, V. L., Jeffries, P. R., & Welch, J. L. (2012). Development and psychometric testing of the colonoscopy embarrassment scale. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 34, 548-564. doi:10.1177/0193945911410328 [new] [added March 25, 2013]

Mitchell, K. A., Rawl, S. M., Schmidt, C. M., Grant, M., Ko, C. Y., Baldwin, C. M., Wendel, C., & Krouse, R. S. (2007). Deomographic, clinical and quality of life variables related to embarrassment in veterans living with an intestinal stoma. Journal of Wound Ostomy & Continence Nursing, 34, 524-532.

Miyake, K., &Yamazaki, K. (1995). Self-conscious emotions, child rearing, and child psychopathology in Japanese culture. In J. P. Tangney & K. W. Fischer (Eds.), Self-conscious emotions: The psychology of shame, guilt, embarrassment, and pride (pp. 488-504). New York: Guilford.

Miyamoto, M. (1986). Situational determinants of affiliative preferences and choice behavior in fear and embarrassment situations. Japanese Journal of Psychology, 57, 250-253.

Miyamoto, M. (1986). Emotional arousal and affiliative behavior. Japanese Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 25, 147-153.

Modigliani, A. (1966). Embarrassment and social influence. Dissertation Abstracts International, 28 (1), 294-295A.

Modigliani, A. (1968). Embarrassment and embarrassability. Sociometry, 31, 313-326.

Modigliani, A. (1971). Embarrassment, facework, and eye contact: Testing a theory of embarrassment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 17, 15-24.

Modigliani, A. (1991). Embarrassability scale. In J. P. Robinson, P. R. Shaver, & L. S. Wrightsman (Eds.), Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes (pp.173-176 ). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Moettus, A., Sklar, D., & Tandberg, D. (1999). The effect of physician gender on women's perceived pain and embarrassment during pelvic examination. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 17, 635-637.

Moller, S. (1996). Peinlich beruhrt. Sexuelle belastigung von frauen an hochschulen [Embarrassing touch. Sexual harassment of women in higher education]. Das Argument, 38, 611-612.

Montoro-Rodríguez, J., Kosloski, K., Kercher, K., & Montgomery, R. (2007, November). The impact of social
Embarrassment on caregiving distress in a multi-cultural sample of caregivers
. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, San Francisco, CA. [new] [added February 14, 2012]

Montoro-Rodriguez, J. (2009, February). The impact of social embarrassment on caregiving distress in a multi-cultural sample of caregivers of alzheimer’s patients (AD). Paper presented at the School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Psychology Program at Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, CA. [new] [added February 14, 2012]

Montoro-Rodriguez, J., Kosloski, K., Kercher, K., & Montgomery, R. J. V. (2009). The impact of social embarrassment on caregiving distress in a multicultural sample of caregivers. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 28, 195-217. doi: 10.1177/0733464808323449

Montoro-Rodríguez, J., Kosloski, K., Kercher, K. & Montgomery, R. (2010, November). The role of embarrassment in caregiving distress: Measure development and validation. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Gerontological Society of America ,New Orleans, LA. [new] [added February 14, 2012]

Moore, P. J., Chung, E., Peterson, R. A., Katzman, M. A., & Vermani, M. (2009). Information integration and emotion: How do anxiety sensitivity and expectancy combine to determine social anxiety? Cognition & Emotion, 23, 42-68. doi:10.1080/02699930802214551

Moore, R., Brødsgaard, I., & Rosenberg, N. (2004). The contribution of embarrassment to phobic dental anxiety: A qualitative research study. BMC Psychiatry, 4, 10. Retrieved March 21, 2005, from http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/4/10

Moore, S. G., Dahl, D. W., Gorn, G. J., & Weinberg, C. B. (2006). Coping with condom embarrassment. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 11, 70-79.

Moore, S. G., Dahl, D. W., Gorn, G. J., Weinberg, C. B., Park, J., & Jiany, Y. W. (2008). Condom embarrassment: Coping and consequences for condom use in three countries. AIDS Care-psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV Care, 20, 553-559. doi:10.1080/09540120701867214

Morgan, D. R. (1975). The relationship of body cathexis to embarrassment and modesty in assuming untried skills. Dissertation Abstracts International, 36 (6), 3113-3114B.

Morisaki, S., & Gudykunst, W. B. (1994). Face in Japan and the United States. In S. Ting-Toomey (Ed.), The challenge of facework: Cross-cultural and interpersonal issues (pp. 47-93). Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Morris, W. N., Worchel, S., Bois, J. L., Pearson, J. A., Rountree, C. A., Samaha, G. M., Wachtler, & Wright, S. L. (1976). Collective coping with stress: Group reactions to fear, anxiety, and ambiguity. Journal of Pesonality and Social Psychology, 33, 674-679.

Mulkens, S., Boegels, S. M., & de Jong, P. J. (1999). Attentional focus and fear of blushing: A case study. Behavioural & Cognitive Psychotherapy, 27, 153-164.

Müller-Pinzler, L., Paulus, F. M., Stemmler, G., & Krach, S. (2012). Increased autonomic activation in vicarious embarrassment. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 86, 74-82. doi:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2012.07.183 [new] [added March 25, 2013]

Mullins, C. (1975). Board members pinpoint the kinds of superintendents who embarrass their peers and embattle their boards. American School Board Journal, 162, 2, 23, 26-29.

Murphy, I. D. (1950). The personal embarrassments of junior high school pupils. (Unpublished master's thesis). Boston University, Boston, MA.

Myers, W. A. (1989). The traumatic element in the typical dream of feeling embarrassed at being naked. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 37, 117-130.

Mysliwiec, S. R. (1972). Some determinants of the contagion of embarrassment: Theory and design. (Unpublished master's thesis). University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN.


 
 

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