Kaiser, F. G., Schultz, P. W., Berenguer, J., Corral-Verdugo, V., & Tankha, G. (2008). Extending planned environmentalism: Anticipated guilt and embarrassment across cultures. European Psychologist, 13, 288-297. doi: 10.1027/1016-9040.13.4.288
Kalninprasert, K. and Ratanawicha, P. (2008). Impacts of two way communication technology format, embarrassment in purchasing products and gender of a customer service agent on internet transactions. Chulalongkorn Business Review, 117, 94-114. [added January 17, 2013]
Kamisli, S., & Dogancay-Aktuna, S. (1997). Gender differences in Conveying embarrassing information: Examples from Turkish. Women & Language,20, 25-33.
Kang, S. Y. (2004). The influence of social context on differentiating between shame and embarrassment. (Unpublished master's thesis). Adelaide Sa, Australia.
Kano, M., & Umemoto, T. (????). Development of “HAZUKASISA”(2). Advancement Research,11, ??-??.
Kappesser, J., & Williams, A. C. (2002). Pain and negative emotions in the face: Judgements by health care professionals. Pain, 99, 197-206.
Kara, E. K. (1998). Predicting AIDS preventive behaviour: Embarrassment attitudes as a detractor to condom use. (Unpublished bachelor honor's thesis). University of New England, Armidale, Australia.
Karp, J., & Dugas, M. J. (2003). Stuck Behind a Wall of Fear: How Cognitive-Behavior Therapy Helped One Woman With Social Phobia. Clinical Case Studies, 2, 171-187.
Kasuya, M. (1999). Preventing reduction in English classrooms in Japan: Roles of teachers and the language policy. Retrieved August 27, 2003, from University of Birmingham, Centre for English Language Studies Web site: http://www.cels.bham.ac.uk/resources/essays/MichikoM6.PDF
Kauffman, B. E., & Anderson, N. R. (1992, June). How do you embarrass me: Let's factor analyze the ways: Self-vs. parents as causes of embarrassment and teasing. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Society, San Diego, CA.
Kawauchi, K. (2004). University students' self-efficacy expectations and attitudes toward interactions with peers with disabilities: Influence of disabling condition, interpersonal situation, and personal characteristics. Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology, 4, 437-447.
Keegan, N. C. (2004). Embarrassment associated with somatic symptoms of anxiety in people with and without, panic attacks. (Unublished master's thesis). University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Kelly, K. M. (1994). The structure and personality correlates of the Embarrassability Scale. Paper presented at the conference of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
Kelly, K. M. (1995). The enduring nature of embarrassment. Paper presented at the conference of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Delray Beach, FL.
Kelly, K. M. (1999, March). Embarrassment as a deterrent to interpersonal rejection. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Savannah, GA.
Kelly, K. M. (2001, February). The aftermath of treachery: The roles of embarrassment and social support seeking on interpersonal difficulties following betrayal. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Antonio, TX.
Kelly, K. M. (2001). The susceptibility to embarrassment scale. In J. Maltby, C. A. Lewis, & A. Hill (Eds.), A handbook of psychological tests. Lampeter, Wales: Edwin Mellen.
Kelly, K. M. & Jones, W. H. (1997). Assessment of dispositional embarrassability. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 10, 307-333.
Kelly, K. M. & Ryan, R. L. (1998, April). Attribution biases as a function of embarrassability. Paper presented at the Western Psychological Association and Rocky Mountain Psychological Association Joint Convention, Albuquerque, NM.
Kelly, M. P. (1994). Embarrassment about condoms: Contributing factors (college students). Dissertation Abstracts International, 55 (10), 3100A.
Kelly, M. P. (1996). Condom embarrassment: Contributing factors. J Well Perspect, 12, 80-89.
Keltner, D. (1995). Signs of appeasement: Evidence for the distinct displays of embarrassment, amusement, and shame. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 441-454. Also reprinted (1997). In P. Ekman & E. L. Rosenberg (Eds.), What the face reveals: Basic and applied studies of spontaneous expression using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS). Series in affective science (pp. 133-160). New York: Oxford University Press.
Keltner, D. (1996). Embarrassment and social life: A study of social emotion. Presented at the meeting of the Emotion Research Group, Nashville, TN. [added April 7, 2012]
Keltner, D. (1996). Embarrassment and social life: A study of social emotion. Paper presented at the Human Behavior and Evolution Society, Evanston, IL. [added April 7, 2012]
Keltner, D. (1996). Embarrassment and social life: A study of social emotion. Paper presented at the International Society for Research on Emotion, Toronto, Canada. [added April 7, 2012]
Keltner, D. (1998). Riches of Embarrassment [Review of the book Embarrassment: Poise and Peril in Everyday Life]. Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books, 43, 25-26.
Keltner, D. (2005). Signs of Appeasement: Evidence for the Distinct Displays of Embarrassment, Amusement, and Shame. In P. Ekman & E. L. Rosenberg, Erika L. (Eds), What the face reveals: Basic and applied studies of spontaneous expression using the facial action coding system (FACS), (2nd ed.) (pp. 133-160). New York: Oxford University Press.
Keltner, D., Anderson, C. (2000). Saving face for Darwin: The functions and uses of embarrassment. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9, 187-191
Keltner, D., & Buswell, B. N. (1996). Evidence for the distinctness of embarrassment, shame, and guilt: A study of recalled antecedents and facial expressions of emotion. Cognition and Emotion, 10, 155-171.
Keltner, D., & Buswell, B. N. (1997). Embarrassment: Its distinct form and appeasement functions. Psychological Bulletin, 122, 250-270.
Keltner, D., Capps, L., Kring, A. M., Young, R. C., Heerey, E. A. (2001). Just teasing: A conceptual analysis and empirical review. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 229-248.
Keltner, D., & Haidt, J. (1999). Social functions of emotions at four levels of analysis. Cognition & Emotion. Special Functional Accounts of Emotion, 13, 505-521. Also reprinted (2001). In W. G. Parrott (Ed), Emotions in social psychology: Essential readings (pp. 175-184). Philadelphia, PA, Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis.
Keltner, D., & Shiota, M. N. (2003). New displays and new emotions: A commentary on Rozin and Cohen. Emotion, 3, 86-91.
Keltner, D., Young, R. C., Heerey, E. A., & Oemig, C. (1998). Teasing in hierarchical and intimate relations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 1231-1247.
Kenny, E. (2009). Existential Embarrassment. Retrieved from Art & Education website: http://www.artandeducation.net/paper/existential-embarrassment/ [paper written for a graduate seminar at Princeton University] [added February 22, 2012]
Kerschenbaum, N. J. (1990). On the nature of embarrassability. (Unpublished master's thesis). Sam Houston State Unviersity, Huntsville, TX.
Kerschenbaum, N. J., & Miller, R. S. (1991, August). Predicting susceptibility to embarrassment: Social skill versus social-esteem. Paper presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco, CA.
Keyton, J., Burchfield, M., Fondren, B., Lee, D., Peters, A., & Skidmore, D. (1995, April). "I can't believe that just happened": A look at embarrassability and remedial strategies of others. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Southern States Communication Association, New Orleans, LA.
Kilborne, B. (1997). Self-conscious emotions: The psychology of shame, guilt, embarrassment, and pride [Book review of the book Self-conscious emotions: The psychology of shame, guilt, embarrassment,and pride]. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 185, 413-414.
Kirby, R. S. (1994). Natural-history of prostatism: Worry and embarrassment from urinary symptoms and health care-seeking "left">Kissling, E. A. (1996). "That's just a basic reen-age rule": Girls' linguistic strategies for managing the menstrual communication taboo. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 24, 292-309.
Kitayama, S., Markus, H. R., & Matsumoto, H. (1995). Culture, self, and emotion: A cultural perspective on "self-conscious" emotions. In J. P. Tangney & K. W. Fischer (Eds.), Self-conscious emotions: The psychology of shame, guilt, embarrassment, and pride (pp. 439-464). NY: Guilford.
Klass, E. T. (1990). Guilt, shame, and embarrassment: Cognitive-behavioral approaches. In H. Leitenberg (Ed.), Handbook of social and evaluative anxiety (pp. 385-414). New York: Plenum.
Klein, D. C. (1992). Managing humiliation. Journal of Primary Prevention, 12, 255.
Kleinknecht, R. A., Dinnel, D. L., Kleinknecht, E. E., Hiruma, N., & Harada, N. (1997). Cultural Factors in Social Anxiety: A Comparison of Social Phobia Symptoms and Taijin Kyofusho. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 11, 157-177.
Klinger, R. S., Ladany, N., & Kulp, L. E. (2012). It’s too late to apologize: Therapist embarrassment and shame. Counseling Psychologist, 40, 554-574. doi:10.1177/0011000011416372 [added January 17, 2013]
Kobayashi, E. (1997). A cross-cultural study of noncompliant behaviors in Japanese and United States hospitals: Noncompliance as a response to perceived threats of shame, embarrassment, and management sanctions. Dissertation Abstracts International, 58 (9), 5193B.
Kobayashi, E., & Chen, L. (1997, November). Noncompliance and perceived threats of shame and embarrassment: A cross-cultural study of subordinates in Japanese and United States companies. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Speech Communication Association, Chicago, IL.
Kobayashi, E., & Friedrich, G. (1998, November). A cross-cultural study of noncompliant behaviors in Japanese and United States hospitals: Noncompliance as a response to perceived threats of shame, embarrassment, and management sanctions. Paper presented at the meeting of the National Communication Association, New York City, NY.
Kobayashi, E., & Grasmick, H. G. (2002). Workers’ decisions to comply: A comparison of the perceived threats of managerial sanctions, embarrassment, and shame in Japan and the United States. Journal of Language, Culture and Communication, 4,1-12.
Kobayashi, E., Grasmick, H. G., & Friedrich, G. (2001). A cross-cultural study of shame, embarrassment, and management sanctions as deterrents to noncompliance with organizational rules. Communication Research Reports, 18, 105-117.
Kojima, Y., Ohta, K., & Sugawara, K. (2003). Praise seeking and rejection avoidance need scales: Development and examination of validity. Japanese Journal of Personality, 11, 86-98.
Koschate, M., Eller, A., & Gilson, K. (2009, September). Blushing for the outgroup: Intergroup contact as a predictor of embarrassment. Paper presented at the meeting of the British Psychological Society, Sheffield, England.
Koschate-Reis, M., & Eller, A. D.(2010, September). Embarrassment depends on who you have in mind. Paper presented at the meeting of the British Psychological Society, Winchester, United Kingdom. Also presented (2011, July) at the meeting of the European Association of Social Psychology, Stockholm, Sweden.
Koslowsky, M., Sagie, A., Goldengersh, M. G., Guberman, D., David, M., Trau, H., Friedman-Birnbaum, R., Bergman, R., Halevy, S., & Brenner, S. (1997). Modeling state anxiety in a medical setting: The mediating role of embarrassment. Work and Stress, 11, 87-93.
Kosmoski, G. J., & Pollack, D. R. (1999). Managing difficult, frustrating, and hostile conversations: strategies for savvy administrators (Chapter 2: Dealing with embarrassment or humiliation). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
Krach, S, Cohrs, J. C., de Echeverría Loebell, N. C., Kircher, T., Sommer, J., Jansen, A., & Paulus, F. M. (2011).Your flaws are my pain: Linking empathy to vicarious embarrassment. PLoS [Public Library of Science] One, 6(4), e18675. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018675
Krach, S., Montag, J., Hanewald, B., Schales, C., Kircher, T., & Paulus, F. (2010). Vicarious embarrassment and vicarious shame experiences in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 117, 403. doi:10.1016/j.schres.2010.02.734
Kretzenbacher, H. L., Clyne, M., & Schupbach, D. (2006) Pronominal address in German: rules, anarchy and embarrassment potential. Australian Review of Applied Linguistics, 29, 1-17.
Kuzmics, H. (1991). Embarrassment and civilization: On some similarities and differences in the work of Goffman and Elias. Theory, Culture & Society, 8, 1-30.
Last updated on September 18, 2014
Copyright © 2001-2014 William F. Sharkey