Fahey, D. E. (1990). Blushing as appeasement behavior: The psychophysiology of embarrassment and blushing. (Unpublished master's thesis). Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX.

Falkner, D. V. (1986). Children's understanding of embarrassment: A social-psychological and cognitive-developmental investigation. Dissertation Abstracts International, 47 (10), 3702A.

Fan, Y-F (2002). The influential factors on cognitive appraisal and emotional reaction of teasee (Master's thesis). Chun Yuan Christian University, Zhongli City, Tiawan. [new] [added September 22, 2014]

Fazio, V. C., Cronin, K. L.& Beins, B. C. (1998, April). The role of embarrassability in humor appreciation. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the University of Scranton Psychology Conference, Scranton, PA.

Feinberg, M., Willer, R., & Keltner, D. (2011). Flustered and faithful: Embarrassment as a signal of prosociality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Advance online publication. doi:10.1037/a0025403

Feldman, S. (1941). On blushing. Psychiatric Quarterly, 15, 249-261.

Ferguson, T. J., Stegge, H., & Damhuis, I. (1991). Children's understanding of guilt and shame. Child Development, 62, 827-839.

Fernandez, C. V. (1986). Experiencias embarazosas [Embarrassing experiences]. Revista De Occidente, 61, 55-65.

Fernandez de Ootega. H., Harris, C., Reidl, L., Guzman Saldana, R. (2008). The role of embarrassment in seeking medical help [Abstract]. International Journal of Psychology, 43, 438-438.

Fink, E. L. (1975). An empirical analysis of vicarious embarrassment: A study of social interaction and emotion. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI.

Fink, E. L., & Walker, B. A. (1977). Humorous responses to embarrassment. Psychological Reports, 40, 475-485.

Fish, B., Karabenick, S., & Heath, M. (1978). The effects of observation on emotional arousal and affiliation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 14, 256-265.

Flaming, D., & Morse, J. M. (1991). Minimizing embarrassment: Boys' experiences of pubertal changes. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing, 14, 211-230.

Flinchum, T. R. (1983). The embarrassment of adolescence: Three short stories. (Unpublished master's thesis). Ball State University, Muncie, IN.

Fortune, J. L., & Newby-Clark, I. R. (2008). My friend is embarrassing me: Exploring the guilty by association effect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 1440-1449.

Foss, R. D., & Crenshaw, N. C. (1978). Risk of embarrassment and helping. Social Behavior and Personality, 6, 243-245.

Frank, J., Thomas, K., Oliver, S., Andrews, S., Choong, S., Taylor, R., & Emberton, M. (2001). Couch or crouch? Examining the prostate: A randomized study comparing the knee-elbow and the left-lateral position. BJU-International, 87, 331-333.

Francis, G. (1990). Social phobia in childhood. In M. Hersen & C. G. Last (Eds). (1990). Handbook of child and adult psychopathology: A longitudinal perspective. Pergamon general psychology series, 161 (pp. 163-168). Elmsford, NY: Pergamon.

Franks, D. D, Ottmuller, C. O., & Marshall, M. (1987). The meaning of Erving Goffman's perspective for a symbolic interactionist approach to the sociology of emotions. Soziologenkorrespondenz, 12, 93-105.

Franzoi, S. L. (1982, April). Private Self-Consciousness as an Adaptation Strategy. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Sacramento, CA.

Fraser, C. O. (2000). The social goals of excuses: Self-serving attributions of politeness strategies. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 30, 599-612.

Frey, N., & Fisher, D. (2008). The under-appreciated role of humiliation in the middle school. Middle School Journal, 39, 4-12.

Friedel, J., Marachi, R., & Midgley, C. (2002, April). “Stop embarrassing me!” Relations among student perceptions of teachers, classroom goals, and maladaptive behaviors. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA.

Froming, W. J., Corley, E. B., & Rinker, L. (1990). The influence of public self-consciousness and the audience's characteristics on withdrawal from embarrassing situations. Journal of Personality, 58, 603-622.

Fuchs, P. (2008): Die Funktion der Peinlichkeit – modern [The function of embarrassment -- modern. In J. Huber, G. Ziemer, & S. Zumsteg (Eds.), Archipele des Imaginären [Archipelagos of imaginary] (pp. 209-223). Zürich, Wien, New York: Voldemeer.

Fuligni, A. J., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (1989, March). An exploratory study of adolescent peer teasing and ridicule. Paper presented at the 5th biennial Conference on Research in Adolescence, Tucson, AZ.


Last updated on September 2, 2014

Send additional references,
updates, and corrections to
William F. Sharkey

Copyright 2001-2014 William F. Sharkey

Search the
Bibliography of Embarrassment Research