R. Gates

Dr. Ruth Gates

Research Professor

Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology

PO Box 1346

Kaneohe, HI 96744


B.Sc. Department of Biology, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, 1984

Ph.D. Department of Biology, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, 1990

Postdoctoral Training, University of California, Los Angeles, 1990 - 2003


Ainsworth, T. D., Bridge, T., Torda, G., Raina, J. B., Gates, R. D., Zakrzewski, M., Padilla-Gamiño, J.PL., Spalding, H.

       L., Smith, C., Woosley, E. S., Krause, L., Bourne, D. G. , Bongaerts, P., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Leggat, W. 2015.

       The coral core microbiome identifies rare bacterial taxa as ubiquitous endosymbionts. ISME (in press).

van Oppen, M. J. H., Oliver, J. K., Putnam, H. M. and Gates, R. D. 2015.  Building coral reef resilience through

       assisted evolution. Invited perspective. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

       OPEN ACCESS: www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1422301112 . Volume cover photograph.

Pochon, X., Spalding, H.L., Padilla-Gamino, J.L., Forsman, Z., Smith, C. and Gates, R.D. 2015. Depth zonation

       and cryptic diversity in a Hawaiian deep water coral (Leptoseris spp.) and associated algal symbionts.

       Royal Society Open Science DOI: 10.1098/rsos.140351. Volume cover photograph.

Roth, M. S., Padilla-Gamiño, J. L., Pochon, X., Bidigare, R. R., Gates, R. D., Smith, C. M., Spalding, H. L.  2015.

       Fluorescent protein expression in mesophotic reef-building corals. Marine Ecology Progress Series doi:


Edmunds, P.J., Steneck, R., Albright, R., Carpenter, R.C., Chui Pui, A., Fan, T.Y., Harii, S., Kitano, H., Kurihara, H.,

       Legendre, L., Mitarai, S., Muko, S., Nozawa, T., Padilla-Gamino, J.L., Price, N.N., Sakai, K., Suzuki, G., van

       Oppen, M.J.H., Yarid, A. and Gates, R. D. 2015.  Geographic variation in long-term trajectories of change in

       coral recruitment: a global to-local perspective. Marine and Freshwater Research


Gibbin, E.M., Putnam, H. M., Gates, R. D., Nitschke, M. R. and Davy, S. K. 2015.  The susceptibility of reef-corals to

       ocean acidification and cellular acidosis is influenced by thermal sensitivity. Marine Biology 162: 717-723.

Sogin EM, Anderson P, Williams P, Chen C-S, Gates RD (2014) Application of 1H-NMR Metabolomic Profiling for

       Reef-Building Corals. PLoS ONE 9(10): e111274.

Edmunds PJ, Burgess S, Putnam HM, Baskett ML, Bramanti L, Fabina NS, Han X, Lesser MP, Madin JS, Wall CB, Yost DM,

       and Gates RD. (2014) Evaluating the causal basis of ecological success within the Scleractinia: An integral

       projection model approach. Marine Biology 10.1007/s00227-014-2547-y

Edmunds PJ, Adjeroud M, Baskett M, Baum J, Baums I., Budd A, Carpenter RC, Fabina N, Fan T-Y, Franklin E, Gross K,

       Han S, Jacobson L, McClanahan T, O’Leary J, van Oppen, MJH, Pochon X, Putnam HM, Smith TB, Stat M,

       Sweatman H, van Woesik R, and Gates RD.  Persistence and Change in Community Composition of Reef Corals

       through Present, Past, and Future Climates. PLoS ONE 9(10): e107525.

Gould DA, Gates RD, and Jacobs DK (2014) The early expansion and evolutionary dynamics of POU class genes.

        Molecular Biology and Evolution OPEN ACCESS: doi:10.1093/molbev/msu243

Pochon X, Gates RD, Vik D and Edmunds PJ (2014) Molecular characterization of symbiotic algae (Symbiodinium

        spp.) in soritid foraminifera (Sorites orbiculus) and a scleractinian coral (Orbicella annularis) from St John, US Virgin

        Islands. Marine Biology

Keeling PJ, Burki F, Wilcox HM, Allam B, Allen EE, et al. (2014) The Marine Microbial Eukaryote Transcriptome

       Sequencing Project (MMETSP): Illuminating the Functional Diversity of Eukaryotic Life in the Oceans through

       Transcriptome Sequencing. PLoS Biol 12(6): e1001889.

Edmunds PJ, Pochon X, Levitan DR, Yost DM, Belcaid M, Putnam HM, Gates RD (2014) Long-term changes in

     Symbiodinium communities in Orbicella annularis in St. John, US Virgin Islands. MEPS 506:129-144.

     OPEN ACCESS: http://www.int-res.com/articles/meps_oa/m506p129.pdf

Pochon X, Putnam HM, Gates RD. (2014) Multi-gene analysis of Symbiodinium dinoflagellates: a perspective on rarity,

     symbiosis, and evolution. PeerJ 2:e394 http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.394

Gibbin EM, Putnam HM, Davy SK and Gates RD (2014). Intracellular pH and its response to CO2-driven seawater

     acidification in symbiotic versus non-symbiotic coral cells. Journal of Experimental Biology doi:10.1242/jeb.099549.

Padilla-Gamiño JL, Hédouin L, Waller RG, Smith D, Truong W and Gates RD (2014). Sedimentation and the

      reproductive biology of the Hawaiian reef building coral Montipora capitata.  Biological Bulletin 226:8-18

Davies N, Field D, Amaral-Zettler L, Clark M, Deck J, Drummond A, Faith DP, Geller J, Gilbert J, Glöckner FO,

     Hirsch P, Leong J, Meyer C, Obst M, Planes S, Scholin C, Vogler AP, Berteaux-Lecellier V, Gates RD, Toonen R,

     Bertilsson S, Bicak M, Bietz MJ, Bodrossy L, Borja A, Gerdts G, Gillespie R, Goodwin K, Hanson PC, Jeanthon C,

     Klindworth A, Koo MS, Kotoulas G, Marteinsson VT, Morrison N, Myrold DD, Pafilis E, Polymenakou PN,

     Ratnasingham S, Roderick GK, Rodriguez-Ezpeleta N, Simon N, Valette-Silver NJ, Wichels A, Wooley JC and

     Zingone A (2014). The Founding Charter of the Genomic Observatories Network. GigaScience 2014 3:2


Briggs RA, Padilla-Gamiño JL, Bidigare R, Gates RD and Ruttenberg KC (2013).  Impact of coral spawning on the

     biogeochemistry of a Hawaiian reef. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 134: 57-68.

Yost DM, Wang LH, Fan TY, Chen CS, Lee RW, Sogin E and Gates RD (2013). Diversity in skeletal architecture

      influences biological heterogeneity and Symbiodinium habitat in corals. Zoology 116(5): 262-269.

Fabina NS, Putnam HM, Franklin EC, Stat M and Gates RD (2013) Symbiotic specificity, association patterns,

     and function determine community responses to global changes: Defining critical research areas for coral

     Symbiodinium symbioses. Global Change Biology 19(11): 3301-3316.

Putnam HM, Mayfield AB, Fan TY, Chen CS, and Gates RD (2013) The physiological and molecular responses of larvae from the reef-building coral Pocillopora damicornis exposed to near-future increases in temperature and pCO2. Marine Biology 160: 2157-2173.

Lesser, MP,  Stat M and Gates RD (2013) The endosymbiotic dinoflagellates (Symbiodinium sp.) of corals are parasites

      and mutualists. Coral Reefs 32: 603-611.

Stat M, Pochon X, Franklin EC, Bruno JF, Casey KS, Selig ER and Gates RD (2013) The distribution of the thermally

     tolerant symbiont lineage (Symbiodinium clade D) in corals from Hawaii: correlations with host and history of

     ocean thermal stress. Ecology and Evolution 3(5):1317-1329.

Farrar CE, Forsman ZH, Gates RD, Leong JAC and Toonen RJ (2013). Observing the Coral Symbiome Using Laser    

      Scanning Confocal Microscopy. Science 339 (6119): 518.

Padilla-Gamiño JL, Bidigare RR, Barshis DJ, Alamaru A, Hedouin L, Hernandez-Pech X, Kandel F, Leon Soon S, Roth MS, Rodrigues LJ, Grottoli AG, Portocarrero C, Wagenhauser SA, Buttler F and Gates RD (2013) Are all eggs created equal? A case study from the Hawaiian reef-building coral Montipora capitata. Coral Reefs 32(1): 137-152.

Hedouin L and Gates RD (2013) Assessing fertilization success of the coral Montipora capitata under copper exposure: Does the night of spawning matter? Marine Pollution Bulletin 66: 221–224.

Edmunds, PJ, Putnam HM and Gates RD  (2012)  Photophysiological consequences of vertical stratification of Symbiodinium in tissue of the coral Porites lutea. Biological Bulletin 223(2): 226-35.

Fabina NS, Putnam HM, Franklin EC, Stat M, Gates RD (2012) Transmission Mode Predicts Specificity and Interaction Patterns in Coral-Symbiodinium Networks. PLoS ONE 7(9): e44970.

Padilla-Gamiño JL, Hanson KM, Stat M and Gates RD (2012) Phenotypic plasticity of the coral Porites rus: acclimatization responses to a turbid environment. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 434–435: 71–80.

Putnam HM, Stat M, Pochon X and Gates RD (2012) Endosymbiotic flexibility associates with environmental sensitivity in scleractinian corals. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 279 (1746):4352-4361.

Stat M, Baker AC, Bourne DG, Forsman Z, Huggett MJ, Pochon X, Skillings D, Toonen RJ, van Oppen MJH, Gates RD (2012) Molecular delineation of species in the coral holobiont. Advances in Marine Biology 63: 1-65.


Padilla-Gamiño JL, Pochon X, Bird C, Concepcion GT and Gates RD (2012) From Parent to Gamete: Vertical Transmission of Symbiodinium (Dinophyceae) ITS2 Sequence Assemblages in the Reef Building Coral Montipora capitata. PLoS ONE 7(6): e38440. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0038440.

Padilla-Gamiño JL and Gates, RD (2012) Spawning dynamics in the Hawaiian reef building coral Montipora capitata. Marine Ecology Progress Series 449: 145-160. 

Franklin EC, Stat M, Pochon X, Putnam HM, Gates RD (2012) GeoSymbio: A hybrid, cloud-based web application of global geospatial bioinformatics and ecoinformatics for Symbiodinium-host symbioses. Molecular Ecology Resources 12(2): 369-373.

Takabayashi M, Adams LM, Pochon X, Gates RD (2012) Genetic diversity of free-Living Symbiodinium in          

     surface water and sediment of Hawaii and Florida. Coral Reefs 31(1): 157-167.

Krueger T and Gates RD (2012) Cultivating endosymbionts - Host environmental mimics support the survival of 

      Symbiodinium C15 ex hospite. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 413: 169-176. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2011.12.002.

Pochon X, Putnam HM, Burki F and Gates RD (2012) Identifying and characterizing alternative molecular markers for the symbiotic and free-living dinoflagellate genus Symbiodinium.  PLos One 7 (1): e29816.

Franklin EC, Stat M, Pochon X, Putnam HM, Gates RD (2011) Rapid Development of a Hybrid Web Application for Synthesis Science of Symbiodinium with Google Apps. in Jones, M. (ed.), Proc. Environ. Info. Manage. 2011 Conf. Santa Barbara, CA

Gates, RD, and Ainsworth, TD (2011). The nature and taxonomic composition of coral symbiomes as drivers of performance limits in scleractinian corals.  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 408: 94-101.

Hedouin L, Metian M and Gates RD (2011) Contamination of a Hawaiian coral reef ecosystem (Honolua Bay, Maui) by metals and a metalloid: An ecotoxicological and ecological study. Marine Environmental Research 71: 149-161.

Stat M, Bird CE, Pochon X, Chasqui L, Chauka LJ, Concepcion GT, Logan D, Takabayashi M, Toonen RJ, and Gates RD (2011) Variation in Symbiodinium ITS2 sequence assemblages among coral colonies. Plos One, 6:e15854.

Wagner D, Pochon X, Irwin L, Toonen RJ, Gates RD (2011) Azooxanthellate? Most Hawaiian black corals contain Symbiodinium. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 278:1323-1329.

Padilla-Gamiño JL, Weatherby TM, Waller RG and Gates RD (2011) Formation and structural organization of the egg-sperm bundle of the scleractinian coral Montipora capitata. Coral Reefs 30(2): 371-380.

Stat M, and Gates RD (2011) Clade D Symbiodinium in scleractinian corals: a “nugget” of hope, a selfish opportunist, an ominous sign, or all of the above? Journal of Marine Biology, 730715. http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmb/aip.730715.html.

Salerno JL, Reineman DR, Gates RD and Rappé MS (2011) The effect of a sub-lethal temperature elevation on the structure of bacterial communities associated with the coral Porites compressa. Journal of Marine Biology http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jmb/aip.969173.html.

English K, Pochon X, Gates RD, and Poisson G (2011) MEST (Multiple EST Screening Tool): A web application for automation of BLAST queries of EST libraries.  Technical Report, Information & Computer Sciences, University of Hawaii. English_etal_MESTreport_ICS-UH.pdf.

Mayfield AB, Hsiao YY, Fan TY, Chen CS and Gates RD (2010) Evaluating the temporal stability of stress-activated protein kinase and cytoskeleton gene expression in the Pacific reef corals Pocillopora damicornis and Seriatopora hystrix. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 395:215-222.

Hofmann GE, Barry JP, Edmunds PJ, Gates RD, Hutchins DA, Klinger T and Sewell MA (2010). The Effect of Ocean Acidification on Polar, Tropical and Temperate Marine Calcifying Organisms: An Organism to Ecosystem Perspective. Annual Reviews of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. Annual Review Ecology Evolution and Systematics 41: 127-147.

Lesser MP, Slattery M, Stat M, Ojimi M, Gates RD, and Grottoli A (2010) Photoacclimatization by the Coral Montastraea cavernosa in the Mesophotic Zone: Light, Food, and Genetics. Ecology: 91(4): 990-1003.

Ainsworth TD, Vega Thurber R, and Gates RD (2010) The Future of Coral Reefs - A Microbial Perspective. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 25(4): 233-240.

Pochon X and Gates RD (2010) A new Symbiodinium clade (Dinophyceae) from soritid foraminifera in Hawai’i. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56:492-497.

Barshis DJ, Stillman JH, Gates RD, Toonen RJ, Smith LW, and Birkeland C (2010) Coral resistance to environmental extremes: a case for host adaptation. Molecular Ecology 19(8): 1705-1720.

Palmer CV and Gates RD (2010) Skeletal Eroding Band in Hawaiian corals ten years after the first
Indo-Pacific record. Coral Reefs 29(2): 469-469.

Green DH, Edmunds PJ, Pochon X, and Gates RD (2010) The effects of substratum type on the growth, mortality, and photophysiology of juvenile corals in St. John, US Virgin Islands. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 384(1-2): 18-29.

Pochon X, Stat M, Takabayashi M, Logan D, Chasqui L, Jones L, and Gates RD (2010) Comparison of endosymbiotic and free-living Symbiodinium (Dinophyceae) diversity in a Hawaiian reef environment. Journal of Phycology 46: 53-65.

Yancey PH, Heppenstall M, Ly S, Raymond M, Andrell RM, Gates RD, Carter VL, and Hagedorn M (2010) Betaines and dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) as major osmolytes in Cnidaria with endosymbiotic dinoflagellates. Physiological and Biochemica Zoology 83: 167-173.

Hédouin L, Reichelt-Brushett AJ, and Gates RD (2009) Assessment of Metals and a Metalloid in Sediments from Hawaiian Coral Reef Ecosystems. Marine Pollution Bulletin 58: 1739-1765.

Chan YL, Pochon X, Fisher M, Wagner D, Concepcion GT, Kahng S, Toonen RJ, and Gates RD (2009) Host genotypes and endosymbiotic dinoflagellate diversity in the coral Leptoseris sampled between 60-100 meter depths. BMC Ecology 9:21.

Stat M, Pochon X, Cowie ROM, and Gates RD (2009) Specificity in communities of Symbiodinium in corals from Johnston Atoll. Marine Ecology Progress Series 386: 83-96.

Fitt WK, Gates RD, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Bythell J, Jatkar A, Grottoli AG, Gomez M, Fisher P, LaJeunesse T, Pantos O, Iglesias-Prieto R, Franklin DJ, Rodrigues LJ, Torregiani JM, van Woesik R, and Lesser MP (2009) Response of Two Species of Indo-Pacific Corals, Porites cylindrica and Stylophora pistillata, to Thermal Stress: The host does matter in determining the tolerance of corals to bleaching. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 373 (2): 102-110.

Olson ND, Ainsworth TD, Gates RD, and Takabayashi M (2009)  Diversity, Abundance, and Distribution of Diazotrophic Symbionts in Hawaiian Montipora Corals. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 371(2): 140-146.

Palmer CV, Roth MS, and Gates RD (2009) Red fluorescent protein responsible for pigmentation in trematode infected Porites compressa tissues. Biological Bulletin 216: 68-74.

Mayfield AB, Hirst MB, and Gates RD (2009) Real-time PCR-based gene expression analysis in the anthozoan-dinoflagellate endosymbiosis. Molecular Ecology Resources 9(2): 462- 470.

van Oppen MJH, Leong JA and Gates RD (2009) Coral-virus interactions: a double-edged sword? Symbiosis 47: 1-8.

Stat M, Morris E, and Gates RD (2008) Functional diversity in coral-dinoflagellate symbiosis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 105(27): 9256-9261.

Manning MM and Gates RD (2008) Diversity in populations of free-living Symbiodinium from a Caribbean and Pacific reef. Limnology and Oceanography 53(5): 1853-1861.

Edmunds PJ and Gates RD (2008) Acclimatization in tropical reefs corals. Marine Ecological Progress Series 361: 307-310.

Stat M and Gates RD (2008) Vectored introductions of marine endosymbiotic dinoflagellates into Hawaii. Biological Invasions 10(4) : 576-583.

Leggat W, Ainsworth TA, Bythell JC, Dove S, Gates RD, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Iglesias-Prieto R, Yellowlees D (2007) The hologenome theory disregards the coral holobiont. Communication arising from Rosenberg et al (2007). Nature Reviews Microbiology doi: 10.1038/nrmicro1635C1.

Hoegh-Guldberg O, Muller-Parker G, Cook CB, Gates RD, Gladfelter E, Trench RK, and Weis V (2007) Len Muscatine (1932-2007) and his contributions to the understanding of algal-invertebrate endosymbiosis. Coral Reefs.

Lesser MP, Bythell JC, Gates RD, Johnstone RW, Hoegh Guldberg O (2007) Are infectious diseases really killing corals?Alternative interpretations of the experimental and ecological Data. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 346: 36–44.

Apprill AM, Bidigare RR, and Gates RD (2007) Visibly healthy corals exhibit variable pigment concentrations and symbiont phenotypes. Coral Reefs 26: 387-397.

Mayfield AB and Gates RD (2007) Osmoregulation and osmotic stress in coral dinoflagellate symbiosis: Role in coral bleaching. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 147 (1): 1-10.

Biel KY, Gates RD, and Muscatine L (2007) Effects of free amino acids on the photosynthetic carbon metabolism of symbiotic dinoflagellates. Russian Journal Of Plant Physiology 54 (2): 171-183.

Apprill AM and Gates RD (2007) Recognizing diversity in coral symbiotic dinoflagellate communities. Molecular Ecology (16): 1127-1134.

van Oppen MJH and Gates RD (2006) Understanding the resilience of reef corals: the roles of molecular biology and genetics. Invited Review. Molecular Ecology 15 (13): 3863-3883.

Ridgway T and Gates RD (2006) Why are there so few genetic markers available for coral population analyses? Symbiosis 41: 1-7.

Gleason DF, Edmunds PJ, and Gates RD (2006) Ultraviolet radiation effects on the behavior and recruitment of larvae from the reef coral Porites astreoides. Marine Biology 148: 503–512.

Edmunds PJ, Gates RD, Leggat W, and Hoegh-Guldberg O. 2005. The effect of temperature on the size and population density of dinoflagellates in larvae from the reef coral Porites astreoides. Invertebrate Biology 124 (3): 185-193.

Bebenek IG, Gates RD, Morris J, Hartenstein V, Jacobs DK (2004) sine oculis in the Basal Metazoa. Development, Genes and Evolution 214 (7): 342-351.

Edmunds PJ, and Gates RD (2004) Size-dependent differences in the photophysiology of the reef coral Porites astreoides. Biological Bulletin 206: 61-64.

Edmunds PJ, and Gates RD (2003) Has coral bleaching delayed our understanding of fundamental aspects of coral-dinoflagellate symbioses? BioScience 53(10): 976-980.

Jacobs DJ and Gates RD (2003) Developmental Genes and the Reconstruction of Metazoan Evolution – Implications of Evolutionary Loss, Limits on Inference of Ancestry and Type 2 Errors. Integrative and Comparative Biology 43: 11-18.

Lee SE, Gates RD, and Jacobs DK (2003) Gene fishing: the use of a simple protocol to isolate multiple homeodomain classes from diverse invertebrate taxa. Journal of Molecular Evolution 56: 509-516.

Edmunds PJ, Gates RD, and Gleason DF (2003) Tissue composition of Montastraea franksi during and eleven months after a natural bleaching event. Coral Reefs 22: 54-62.

Gates RD, Hadrys T, Arenas-Mena C, and Jacobs DK (2002) Determining spatial and temporal patterns of developmental gene expression in vertebrates and invertebrates using in situ hybridization techniques. In: Methods and Tools in Biosciences and Medicine: Techniques in Molecular Evolution and Systematics (Eds. DeSalle, R., Giribet, G. and Wheeler, W.). Birkhauser Pp. 365-399.

Edmunds PJ and Gates RD (2002) Normalizing physiological data for scleractinian corals. Coral Reefs 21 (2): 193-197.

Nallur RB, Gates RD, Ladurner P, Jacobs DK and Hartenstein V (2002) Neurogenesis in the primitive bilaterian Neochildea I. Normal development and isolation of genes controlling neural fate. Development, Genes and Evolution 212 (2): 55-69.

Lee SE, Gates RD, and Jacobs DK (2001) The isolation of a Distal-less gene fragment from two molluscs. Development, Genes and Evolution 211: 506-508.

Edmunds PJ, Gates RD, and Gleason DF (2001) The biology of planulae freshly released from the reef coral Porites astreoides and their response to temperature disturbances. Marine Biology 139: 981-989.

Jacobs DK, Wray CG, Wedeen CJ, Kostriken R, DeSalle R, Staton JL., Gates RD, and Lindberg DL (2000) Molluscan engrailed expression, serial organization, and shell evolution. Evolution and Development 2(6): 340-347.

Gates RD and Edmunds PJ (1999) The physiological mechanisms of acclimatization in tropical reef corals. American Zoologist 39(1): 30-43.

Gates RD, Bil KY and Muscatine L (1999) The influence of an anthozoan "host factor" on the physiology of a symbiotic dinoflagellate. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 232(2): 241-259.

Muscatine L, Ferrier-Pages C, Blackburn A, Gates RD, Baghdasarian G, and Allemand D (1998) Cell-specific density of symbiotic dinoflagellates in tropical anthozoans. Coral Reefs 17(4): 329-337.

Gates RD, Hoegh-Guldberg O, McFall Ngai M, Bil KY and Muscatine L (1995) Free amino exhibit anthozoan “host factor” activity: They induce the release of photosynthate from symbiotic dinoflagellates in vitro. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 92 (16): 7430-7434.

Muscatine L, Gates RD, and LaFontaine I (1994) Do symbiotic dinoflagellates secrete lipid droplets? Limnology and Oceanography 39 (4): 925-929.

Gates RD, Baghdasarian G, and Muscatine L (1992) Temperature stress causes host cell detachment in symbiotic cnidarians: implications for coral bleaching. Biological Bulletin 182: 324-332.

Gates RD and Muscatine L (1992) Three methods for isolating viable anthozoan endoderm cells with their intracellular symbiotic dinoflagellates. Coral Reefs 11: 143-145.

Bean B, Fogle T and Gates RD (1991) Rapid Hoechst staining for the sperm penetration assay. Fertility and Sterility 55 (1): 214-216.

Gates RD (1990) Seawater temperature and sublethal coral bleaching in Jamaica. Coral Reefs 8: 193-197.

For a full CV see http://www.hawaii.edu/himb/faculty/gates.html

Contact Information:

Office Phone: 808-236-7420

Lab Phone: 808-236-7493

Fax: 808-236-7443