Scientific Papers about Caves on the Hawaiian Islands

  1. Porch, N. (2020). A new and likely extinct species of Antilissus Sharp, 1879 (Coleoptera: Zopheridae: Colydiinae) from Makauwahi Cave, Kauai, Hawaiian Islands. Zootaxa 4868: 135-141.
  2. Howarth, F. G., M. J. Medeiros, F. Stone (2020). Hawaiian lava tube cave associated Lepidoptera from the Collections of Francis G. Howarth and Fred D. Stone. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 129: 37-54.
  3. Howarth, F. G., F. D. Stone (2020). Impacts of invasive rats on Hawaiian cave resources. Internationl Journal of Speleology 49(1): 35-42.
  4. Biass, S., T. R. Orr, B. F. Houghton, M. R. Patrick, M. R. James, N. Turner (2019). Insights into pāhoehoe lava emplacement using visible and thermal structure-from-motion photogrammetry. Journal of Geophysical Research 124: 5678-5695.
  5. Zhelyazkova, V. L., N. L. Toshkova, S. E. Dool, F. J. Bonaccorso, C. A. Pinzari, K. Montoya-Aiona, S. J. Puechmaille (2019). Screening and biosecurity for white-nose fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Ascomycota: Pseudeurotiaceae) in Hawai‘i. Pacific Science 73(3): 357-365.
  6. Teehera, K. B., S. P. Jungbluth, B. P. Onac, T. E. Acosta-Maeda, E. Hellebrand, A. K. Misra, A. Pflitsch, M. S. Rappe, S. M. Smith, M. Telus, N. Schorghofer (2018). Cryogenic minerals in Hawaiian lava tubes: A geochemical and microbiological exploration. Geomicrobiology Journal 35: 227-241.
  7. Medeiros, M. J. and F. G. Howarth (2017). Two new endemic cave-living moths from Hawai‘i Island: a new species of Pseudoschrankia (Erebidae), and a new species of Mestolobes Crambidae. Zootaxa 4276: 435-440.
  8. Pflitsch, A., N. Schorghofer, S. M. Smith, D. Holmgren (2016). Massive ice loss from the Mauna Loa Icecave, Hawaii. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 48: 33-43.
  9. Orr, T. R., J. E. Bleacher, M. R. Patrick, K. M. Wooten (2015). A sinuous tumulus over an active lava tube at Kīlauea Volcano: Evolution, analogs, and hazard forecasts. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 291: 35-48.
  10. Hathaway, J. J. M., M. G. Garcia, M. M. Balasch, M. N. Spilde, F. D. Stone, M. Dapkevicius, I. Amorim, R. Gabriel, P. A. V. Borges, D. E. Northup (2014). Comparison of bacterial diversity in Azorean and Hawai'ian lava cave microbial mats. Geomicrobiology Journal 31(3): 205-220.
  11. Wessel, A., Hoch, H., Asche, M. von Rintelen, T. Stelbrin, B., Heck, V., Stone, F.D., Howarth, F. G. (2013). Founder effects initiated rapid species radiation in Hawaiian cave planthoppers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110: 9391-9396.
  12. Northup, D. E., L. A. Melim, M. N. Splide, J. J. M. Hathaway, M. G. Garcia, M. Moya, F. D. Stone, P. J. Boston, M. L. N. E. Dapkevicius, C. Riquelme (2011). Lava cave microbial communities within mats and secondary mineral deposits: implications for life detection on other planets. Astrobiology 11(7): 601-618.
  13. Matoza, R. S., D. Fee, M. A. Garces (2010). Infrasonic tremor wavefield of the Pu`u `Ō`ō crater complex and lava tube system, Hawaii, in April 2007. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 115, B12312.
  14. White, W. B. (2010). Secondary minerals in volcanic caves: data from Hawai'i. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 72(2): 75-85.
  15. Medeiros, M. J., D. Davis, F. G. Howarth, R. Gillespie (2009). Evolution of cave living in Hawaiian Schrankia (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) with description of a remarkable new cave species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156(1): 114-139.
  16. Howarth, F. G., S. A. James, W. McDowell, D. J. Preston, C. T. Imada (2007). Identification of roots in lava tube caves using molecular techniques: implications for conservation of cave arthropod faunas. Journal of Insect Conservation 11(3): 251-261.
  17. Leveille, R. J., F. J. Longstaffe, W. S. Fyfe (2007). An isotopic and geochemical study of carbonate-clay mineralization in basaltic caves: abiotic versus microbial processes. Geobiology 5: 235-249.
  18. Kempe, S. and S. P. Werner (2003). The Kuka'iau Cave, Mauna Kea, Hawaii, created by water erosion, A new Hawaiian cave type. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 65(1): 53-67.
  19. Kempe, S., I. Bauer, H-V. Henschel (2003). The Pa'auhau Civil Defense Cave on Mauna Kea, Hawai'i, a lava tube modified by water erosion. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 65(1): 76-85.
  20. Halliday, W. R. (2003). Raw sewage and solid waste dumps in lava tube caves of Hawaii Island. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 65: 68-75.
  21. James, H. F. and S. L. Olson (2003). A giant new species of nukupuu (Fringillidae: Drepanidini: Hemignathus) from the island of Hawaii. The Auk 120: 970-981.
  22. Rivera, M. A. J., F. G. Howarth, S. Taitic, G. K. Roderick (2002). Evolution in Hawaiian cave-adapted isopods (Oniscidea: Philosciidae): vicariant speciation or adaptive shifts? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 25(1): 1-9.
  23. Leveille, R. J., Longstaffe, F. J., Fyfe, W. S. (2002). Kerolite in carbonate-rich speleotherms and microbial deposits from basaltic caves, Kauai, Hawaii. Clays and Clay Minerals 50: 514-524.
  24. Burney, D. A., H. F. James, L. P. Burney, S. L. Olson, W. Kikuchi, W. L. Wagner, M. Burney, D. McCloskey, D. Kikuchi, F. V. Grady, R. Gage II, R. Nishek (2001). Fossil evidence for a diverse biota from Kauai and its transformation since human arrival. Ecological Monographs 71: 615-641.
  25. Leveille, R. J., W. S. Fyfe, F. J. Longstaffe (2000). Unusual secondary Ca-Mg-carbonate-kerolite deposits in basaltic caves, Kauai, Hawaii. Journal of Geology 108(5): 613-621.
  26. Leveille, R. J., W. S. Fyfe, F. J. Longstaffe (2000). Geomicrobiology of carbonate-silicate microbialites from Hawaiian basaltic sea caves. Chemical Geology 169(3): 339-355.
  27. Hoch, H. and F. G. Howarth (1999). Multiple cave invasions by species of the planthopper genus Oliarus in Hawaii (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea: Cixiidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 127(4): 453-475.
  28. Allred, K., S. Kempe, W. R. Halliday (1999). Kenneth P. Emory and "Herbert C. Shipman Cave": A long-standing puzzle solved. Pacific Studies 22, 77-92.
  29. Halliday, W. R. (1998). History and status of the Moiliili Karst, Hawaii. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 60: 141-145.
  30. Halliday, W. R. (1998). Hollow volcanic tumulus caves of Kilauea Caldera, Hawaii County, Hawaii. International Journal of Speleology 27, 95-105.
  31. Halliday, W. R. (1998). Sheet flow caves of Kilauea Caldera, Hawaii County, Hawaii. International Journal of Speleology 27: 107-112.
  32. Halliday, W. R. (1998). "Pit Craters", lava tubes, and open vertical volcanic conduits in Hawaii: a problem in terminology. International Journal of Speleology 27B: 113-114.
  33. Allred, K. and C. Allred (1998). The origin of tubular lava stalactites and other related forms. International Journal of Speleology 27B: 135-145.
  34. Allred, K. and C. Allred (1997). Development and morphology of Kazumura cave, Hawaii. Journal of Caves and Karst Studies 59: 67-80.
  35. Hoch, H. (1997). The Hawaiian cave planthopper (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea: Cixiidae) - A model for rapid subterranean speciation? International Journal of Speleology 26: 21-31.
  36. Peterson, D. W., Holcomb, R. T., Tilling, R. I., Christiansen, R. L. (1994). Development of lava tubes in the light of observations at Mauna Ulu, Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii. Bulletin of Volcanology 56(5): 343-360.
  37. Hoch, H. and F. G. Howarth (1993). Evolutionary dynamics of behavioral divergence among populations of the Hawaiian cave-dwelling planthopper Oliarus polyphemus (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea: Cixiidae). Pacific Science 47: 303-318.
  38. Kempe, S., Ketz-Kempe, S., Halliday, W. R., Werner, M. S. (1993). The Cave of Refuge, Hakuma Horst, Kalapana, Puna District, Hawaii. Pacific Studies 16: 133-142.
  39. Howarth, F. G., H. Hoch, M. Asche (1990). Duets in darkness: species-specific substrate-borne vibrations produced by cave-adapted cixiid planthoppers in Hawaii (Homoptera Fulgoroidea). Memoires de Biospeologie 17: 77-80.
  40. Kauahikaua, J., Cashman, K. V., Mattox, T. N., Heliker, C. C., Hon, K. A., Mangan, M. T., Thornber, C. R. (1998). Observations on basaltic lava streams in tubes from Kilauea Volcano, island of Hawai'i. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 103(B11): 27303-27323.
  41. Medeiros, A. C., L. L. Loope, H. F. James (1989). Caves, bird bones and beetles: New discoveries in rain forests of Haleakala. Park Science 9(2): 20-21.
  42. Howarth, F. G. (1987). Evolutionary ecology of aeolian and subterranean habitats in Hawaii. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 2(7): 220-223.
  43. James, H. F., Stafford, T. W., Steadman, D. W., Olson, S. L., Martin, P. S., Jull, A. J., McCoy, P. C. (1987). Radiocarbon dates on bones of extinct birds from Hawaii. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 84: 2350-2354.
  44. Kensley, B. and D. Williams (1986). New shrimps (Families Procarididae and Atyidae) from a submerged lava tube on Hawaii. Journal of Crustacean Biology 6: 417-437.
  45. Baird, A. K., D. C. Mohrig, E. E. Welday (1985). Vapor deposition in basaltic stalactites, Kilauea, Hawaii. Lithos 18: 151-160.
  46. Rushforth, S. R., I. Kaczmarska, J. R. Johansen (1984). The subaerial diatom flora of Thurston Lava Tube, Hawaii. Bacillaria 7: 135-157.
  47. Muchmore, W. B. (1983). The cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiian lava tubes, 14. A 2nd troglobitic tyrannochthonius (Pseudoscorpionida: Chthoniidae). Pacific Insects 25: 84-86.
  48. Howarth, F. G. (1982). Bioclimatic and geologic factors governing the evolution and distribution of Hawaiian cave insects. Entomologia Generalis 8: 17-26.
  49. Ahearn, G. A. and F. G. Howarth (1982). Physiology of cave arthropods in Hawaii. Journal of Experimental Zoology 222(3): 227-238.
  50. Zacharda, M. (1982). The cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiian lava tubes, 13. A new subenus and two new species of Rhagidiidae (Acari: Eupodoidea). Pacific Insects 24: 275-280.
  51. Howarth, F. G. (1981). Community structure and niche differentiation in Hawaiian lava tubes. US/IBP synthesis series 15: 318-336.
  52. Hadley, N. F., G. A. Ahearn, F. G. Howarth (1981). Water and metabolic relations of cave-adapted and epigean lycosid spiders in Hawaii. Journal of Arachnology 9: 215-222.
  53. Wood, C. (1981). Exploration and geology of some lava tube caves on the Hawaiian volcanoes. Transactions British Cave Research Association 8(3): 111-129.
  54. Brindle, A. (1980). The cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiian lava tubes, 12. A new species of blind troglobitic earwig (dermaptera, Carcinophoridae), with a revision of the related surface-living earwigs of the Hawaiian-Islands. Pacific Insects 21: 261-274.
  55. Muchmore, W. B. (1979). The cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiian lava tubes, 11. A troglobitic pseudoscorpion (Pseudoscorpionida: Chthoniidae). Pacific Insects 20: 187-190.
  56. Gurney, A. B. and D. C. Rentz (1978). The cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiian lava tubes, 10. Crickets (Orthoptera, Gryllidae). Pacific Insects 18: 85-103.
  57. Barnard, J. L. (1977). The cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiian lava tubes, 9. Amphipoda crustacea from brackish lava ponds on Hawaii and Maui USA. Pacific Insects 17: 267-300.
  58. Bousfield, E. L. and F. G. Horwarth (1975). Cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiian lava tubes. 8. Terrestrial amphipoda (Talitridae) including a new genus and species with notes on its biology. Pacific Insects 17: 144-154.
  59. Gagne, W. C. and F. G. Horwarth (1975). Cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiian lava tubes. 7. Emesinae or thread-legged bugsheteroptera reduviidae. Pacific Insects 16: 415-426.
  60. Gagne, W. C. and F. G. Horwarth (1975). Cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiian lava tubes. 6. Mesoveliidae or water treaders (Heteroptera). Pacific Insects 16: 399-413.
  61. Bellinger, P. F. and K. A. Christiansen (1974). The cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiian lava tubes, 5. Collembola. Pacific Insects 16: 31-40.
  62. Fennah, R. G. (1973). The cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiian lava tubes, 4. Two new blind oliarus (Fulgoroidea: Cixiidae). Pacific Insects 15: 181-184.
  63. Gertsch, W. J. (1973). The cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiian lava tubes, 3. Araneae (Spiders). Pacific Insects 15: 163-180.
  64. Schultz, G. A. (1973). The cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiian lava tubes, 2. Two new genera and species of blind isopod crustaceans (Oniscoidea: Philosciidae). Pacific Insects 15: 153-162.
  65. Howarth, F. G. (1973). The cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiian lava tubes, 1. Introduction. Pacific Insects 15: 139-151.
  66. Cruikshank, D. P. and C. A. Wood (1972). Lunar rilles and Hawaiian volcanic features: Possible analogues. The Moon 3(4): 412-447.
  67. Greeley, R. (1972). Additional observations of actively forming lava tubes and associated structures, Hawaii. Modern Geology 3: 157-160.
  68. Howarth, F. G. (1972). Cavernicoles in lava tubes on the island of Hawaii. Science 175: 325-326.
  69. Greeley, R. (1971a). Observations of actively forming lava tubes and associated structures, Hawaii. NASA Technical Memorandum X-62,014, 35pp, Ames Research Center.
  70. Greeley, R. (1971b). Observations of actively forming lava tubes and associated structures, Hawaii: Parti II. NASA Technical Memorandum X-62,096, 11pp, Ames Research Center.
  71. Halliday, W. R. (1958). An initial survey of caves of the Hawaiian Islands. National Speleological Society Bulletin 20: 58-60.
  72. Palmer, H. S. (1929). A fossil lava tube. Journal of Geology 37: 272-274.
  73. Powers, S. (1920). A lava tube at Kilauea. Hawaiian Volcano Observatory Bulletin 8: 46-49.
  74. Hobbs, W. H. (1914). Buried lava tunnels as a factor in the drainage of craters of the Hawaiian type. Zeitschrift für Vulkanologie 1: 86-88.
Note: This bibliography only includes research articles, nearly all of them peer-reviewed. In addition, there are at least one hundred conference proceedings and caving magazine articles about caves in Hawaii that are not listed here.

Books, Book Chapters, and Reports

  1. Kempe, S. (2019). Volcanic rock caves. Chapter 131 in: "Encyclopedia of Caves", p1118-1127. W.B. White, D.C. Culver, T. Pipan (eds.), 3rd edition.
  2. Allred, K. (2019). Kazumura Cave, Hawaii. Chapter 73 in: "Encyclopedia of Caves", p619-626. W.B. White, D.C. Culver, T. Pipan (eds.), 3rd edition.
  3. Bonaccorso, F., Montoya-Aiona, K., Pinzari, C., Todd, C. (2016). Winter distribution and use of high elevation caves as foraging sites by the endangered Hawaiian hoary bat, Lasiurus cinereus semotus. Technical Report HCSU-068, University of Hawaii at Hilo.
  4. Miscoe, L. H., et al. (eds.) "The diatom flora and cyanobacteria from caves on Kauai, Hawaii". Bibliotheca Phycologica, Vol 120 (2016).
  5. Northup, D. E., Hathaway, J. J., Snider, J. R., et al. (2012). Life in Earth’s lava caves: implications for life detection on other planets. In: "Life on Earth and other Planetary Bodies" (pp. 459-484). Springer.
  6. Allred, K. (2012). Kazumura Cave, Hawaii. In: "Encyclopedia of Caves", p438-442. W.B. White and D.C. Culver (eds.), 2nd edition.
  7. Burney, D. (2010). "Back to the Future in the Caves of Kauai". Sheridan Books, Michigan.
  8. Howarth, F. G. (2004). Hawaiian Islands: Biospeology. In: "Encyclopedia of Caves and Karst Science", J. Gunn (ed.), 2nd edition.
  9. Halliday, W. R. (2004). Hawaii Lava Tube Caves, United States. In: "Encyclopedia of Caves and Karst Science", J. Gunn (ed.), 2nd edition.
  10. Burnham, Brad (2003). "Kazumura Cave: The World's Longest Lava Tube". Series: Famous Caves of the World, Powerkids Press.
  11. Greeley, R. (1987). The role of lava tubes in Hawaiian volcanoes. Chapter 59 in: "Volcanism in Hawaii". USGS Professional Paper 1350.

Publication Statistics

About 13 papers per decade from 1970 to 2019 (half a century).

Most cited journal articles (as of May 2021 according to Google Scholar):

  1. Burney, David A., et al. (2001) — 280 (fossils, Kauai)
  2. Kauahikaua, Jim, et al. (1998) — 261 (lava tube formation)
  3. Peterson, Don W., et al. (1994) — 185 (lava tube formation)
  4. Greeley, Ronald (1971a) — 125 (lava tube formation)
  5. Northup, Diana et al. (2011) — 124 (lava cave microbes, Big Island)
  6. Howarth, Francis G. (1973) — 111 (cave fauna)
  7. James, Helen F., et al. (1987) — 108 (extinct bird species, Maui)

Compiled by NS, 2015-2020