Annotated Bibliography Plan: Chinese Astrology

Dr. Nahl, LIS 601

By: Mishalla Spearing

 


 

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION.. 4

TOPIC AND SCOPE. 4

AUDIENCE. 4

CITATION STYLE. 4

SEARCH STRATEGY. 5

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS SUBJECT HEADINGS. 5

LOC CALL NUMBERS/CLASSIFICATION NAMES. 5

OPACS. 5

HAWAI'I VOYAGER: LIBRARIES OF THE UNIVERSITY OF HAWAI'I SYSTEM... 5

HAWAI‘I STATE PUBLIC LIBRARY SYSTEM (HSPLS) 6

DATABASES and INDEXES. 8

RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY COLLECTION.. 8

ACADEMIC SEARCH PREMIER. 8

THE PHILOSOPHER’S INDEX. 9

PROJECT MUSE. 9

MASTERFILE PREMIER. 10

INGENTA. 10

ANTHROPOLOGICAL INDEX ONLINE. 11

REFERENCES. 11

ENCYLOPEDIA BRITANNICA ONLINE. 11

WIKIPEDIA. 11

WEB. 12

GOOGLE. 12

SAMPLE ANNOTATED ENTRIES. 13

CONCLUSION.. 14

SUMMARY OF SEARCHES. 14

VALUE OF THE ASSIGNMENT. 14

APPENDIX. 16

ENDNOTES. 19

 

INTRODUCTION

TOPIC AND SCOPE

This bibliography plan gives a search strategy for finding materials on the topic of Chinese astrology. Chinese astrology is believed to have started during the Han dynasty. According to Chinese astrology, a person's destiny can be determined by the position of the major planets at the person's birth along with the positions of the Sun, Moon and comets and the person's time of birth and Zodiac Sign[1]. The twelve zodiac signs are each represented by an animal. Every year is governed by one of these animals. Zodiac signs are determined by the animal year it was during your birth. For example, I was born in 1983, which is the year of the Pig or Boar. Therefore, my Zodiac sign is a Pig or Boar. This current year is the year of the Ox, so all children born during this year will be Oxen. Each zodiac sign is associated with certain characteristics and can even determine one’s destiny.

The scope of this bibliography plan covers basic, general concepts of Chinese astrology, to compatibility, the myths and legends that explain how the beliefs came into being and even it’s impact on the social, political and economic structures of China.

AUDIENCE

The audience for this bibliography plan range from those who are curious about astrology to serious astrology scholars, interested in the deeper theories and ideas about the topic. Skeptics, too, are a welcome audience. The targeted audience does not need a certain level of education, just an interest in the topic. For the purposes of this bibliography plan, I was not interested in the deeper esoteric theories but targeted it between the complete novice and the seasoned astrologer.

CITATION STYLE

All citations in this paper are taken from Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations[2]


SEARCH STRATEGY

Note: All controlled vocabulary (CV) are indicated in caps. All natural language (NL) are indicated in italics.

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS SUBJECT HEADINGS[3]

ASTROLOGY, CHINESE

NT YING-YANG CULTS

ASTROLOGY, CHINESE, IN ART

I did not use YING-YANG CULTS or ASTROLOGY, CHINESE, IN ART in  my search, as I felt they were off-topic searches. Although these were the only terms listed in the Library of Congress Subject Headings, I branched out to further CV searches including:

ASTROLOGY

HOROSCOPE, HOROSCOPES

ZODIAC

LOC CALL NUMBERS/CLASSIFICATION NAMES

BF1651-1729 Astrology

BF1714.C5 Chinese Astrology

OPACS

HAWAI'I VOYAGER: LIBRARIES OF THE UNIVERSITY OF HAWAI'I SYSTEM[4]

In Voyager, I searched for with keywords (NL) “Chinese AND astrology.” More than a hundred results were found. However, many of the results were off-topic or in the Chinese or Vietnamese language. In fact, of these results, only about a dozen were relevant. Interestingly, many of the relevant books were checked out. About half of these relevant books were from the 1980’s or older. I found the CV for Voyager included “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE” and “HOROSCOPES.” When I searched using the CV “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE” other CV were listed including “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE- CONGRESSES,” “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE-EARLY WORKS TO 1800,” “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE, IN ART,” “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE-PERIODICALS” and “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE-TERMINOLOGY.” After exploring these other CV, I realize that none of them are on-topic, many because they were not in English. When choosing “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE” with more than a hundred results, many of them are again in Chinese. About the same number of on-topic results as the NL, which was surprising to me. Searching using the CV “HOROSCOPES” only 2 results were on-topic, but were 2 of the same results from the NL “Chinese AND Astrology” and CV “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE” search. I also tried the NL search “Chinese AND horoscope” yielded a couple of not relevant results.

Example of results:

An example of the typical results I found using Voyager would be “Mawangdui tian wen shu kao shi[5]” a Chinese-language book about Chinese astrology. This example was found using the NL search “Chinese AND astrology.” It was also a result in the “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE—EARLY WORKS TO 1800” CV search.

HAWAI‘I STATE PUBLIC LIBRARY SYSTEM (HSPLS)[6]

I first started my search with the NL “Chinese astrology” using a “General Keyword” search. Just about all of the results were on-topic and in English or translated into English. There were also many children’s books about the legends associated with Chinese astrology, which can give a good basis for the origins of the topic. I was also impressed that most of the books were recent- from the year 2000- only a few dozen were older. This is important for me because Chinese astrology can be very esoteric and the more modern the writer, the more palatable these old theories seem to be presented. There were also quite a few books about compatibility and romantic relationships within Chinese astrology. There was a handful of sources in Chinese, Japanese and Vietnamese. There was also a manga (Japanese comic) series called “Fruit Basket” in the “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE- FICTION” section which the characters are based on the Chinese Zodiac. The manga were off-topic, but may be of interest for others. Many of the books listed I found the CV “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE—JUVENILE LITERATURE,” “ZODIAC, JUVENILE LITERATURE,” “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE,” “PHILOSOPHY, CHINESE,” “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE- FICTION.” I then searched the CV “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE.”  Although the CV search filtered out the manga, it also filtered out many of the children’s books. I preferred the NL search, but the CV search was also highly relevant. The “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE—DRAMA” and the “ASTROLOGY-CHINESE—FICTION” search included 3 of the “Fruit Baskets” manga. “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE, IN ART” was a book of the zodiac animals in origami:” interesting, but off topic. The “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE JUVENILE FICTION” and “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE, JUVENILE LITERATURE” I found to be relevant. The other CV headings were not relevant, as they were not applicable to Chinese astrology, but astrology in general. I also tried the NL search “Chinese horoscope” using a “General keyword” search. The results were mostly yearly horoscopes for a specific zodiac sign.

DATABASES and INDEXES

RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY COLLECTION[7]

I started searching using the NL “Chinese AND astrology.” There was only one result having to do with Chinese birth planning during the “Golden Pig” year, which I found peripherally significant. The CV produced less results and the only relevant result was the same as the NL search. I then searched using the NL “astrology” which yielded more than a hundred results. However, although the search yielded the same Chinese birth planning article, the rest were off-topic. The results were about Western astrology and were targeted for academics. The CV search “ASTROLOGY” narrowed down the results to the most relevant articles, but they were still not relevant for my purposes. Using the NL search “Chinese AND horoscopes” provided no search results. However, Smart Text searching produced more than five thousand results. Skimming through the first ten pages of results, I found nothing relevant.

Example of results:

The only peripherally relevant article I found in this database was “The golden pig cohort[8]” from the Economist.

ACADEMIC SEARCH PREMIER[9]

I began this search using the NL search “Chinese AND astrology.” There were some relevant magazine articles regarding the characteristics of certain zodiac signs. There were also many somewhat relevant journal and magazine articles discussing Chinese birth planning around certain years and it’s political, social and economic effects on China. Many of the magazines or journals were Chinese sources, where I think Chinese astrology is more accepted. There were also book reviews on Chinese astrology books. I then tried the CV “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE” search, which yielded half the results as the NL search. This search definitely narrowed down the most relevant available items and was more efficient than the NL search. I then try the CV “ZODIAC” search. There are some relevant articles, but the same as the previous NL and CV searches. I then try a combination of CV and NL, using the “DE=ZODIAC AND Chinese.” There are under twenty results and there are some of the same somewhat relevant results mixed in with non-relevant results.

Example of results:

“Tales of rat[10]” discusses the Chinese representation of the rat in the Beijing Review.

THE PHILOSOPHER’S INDEX[11]

I first tried the “Quick Search” and did an NL search of “astrology.” I decided to try a different approach with this database and start very wide and narrow down the search accordingly. Although I know that just searching “Chinese astrology” will get more relevant results than just “astrology,” I give it a try. The NL “astrology” search has more than a hundred results. Many are in foreign languages such as German and Italian. I then do an “Advanced Search” using NL terms “Chinese AND astrology” which yields one result. However, there is no summary or description of the content or full text provided, so I’m not sure if it’s relevant or not. The title, Ling Ch'i Ching: A Classic Chinese Oracle[12] does not provide any clues that it relates to astrology. Using the “ASTROLOGY” descriptor, there are a little more than a hundred results. However, none seem to be relevant. I add “Chinese” to the “ASTROLOGY” descriptor and come up with the same result and “Chinese AND astrology.” The NL search “zodiac” produced one non-relevant result.

PROJECT MUSE[13]

I started searching for “astrology” with the basic search. I was surprised by the nearly eight hundred results. After the first five pages of results, I decided to narrow my results down. I then tried “Chinese astrology” which yielded about a hundred results. However, none of the results were relevant. I then try to browse the subject headings for “astrology.” The only relevant subject heading is ASTROLOGY-CHINESE—HISTORY—MING DYNASTY, 1368-1644. There is only one article, “The Planetary Portent of 1524 in China and Europe[14]” which does describe astrology and astronomy in the Ming Dynasty, but is too narrow in scope for this project. I then look at the subject headings relating to “chinese.” There is nothing relevant. Although I didn’t see it as a subject heading, I try the NL search “Chinese zodiac.” Although the search yielded just under fifty results, none were relevant. I’m sure that academics in the West are not interested in writing journal articles about Chinese astrology.

MASTERFILE PREMIER[15]

I first start the search with the NL “astrology.” Over a thousand results are listed and none in the first few pages of results look relevant. I narrow down the search using the NL “Chinese AND astrology.” About fifty results are located and many are the same or similar as those found in Academic Search Premier. An example of an article in both databases would be “The golden pig cohort[16].” I then search the subject heading “ASTROLOGY, CHINESE” which yields two dozen results. The same articles as the NL search are repeated. I then try the NL “Chinese AND zodiac.” This search includes the same somewhat relevant articles from previous searches, but also includes book reviews on relevant topics. I also try “Chinese AND zodiac OR astrology.” There are more than a thousand results and in the first five pages, none seem relevant. The “or” search must’ve searched for “Chinese AND zodiac” and “astrology” alone, which is not what I wanted. I tried again with “Chinese zodiac AND Chinese astrology” which yielded more than fifty results. However, there were no new results- only the same somewhat relevant articles. Lastly, I try “Chinese AND horoscope*” Of the twenty-plus articles, only a few are somewhat relevant, but none are new.

INGENTA[17]

I first started the search with the broad term“astrology” to get a feel for the database. Of the results listed, many were very off-topic. There were some, however, that related Western astrology with historical research topics that were interesting, but still off-topic. I then searched for “Chinese astrology” which produced one result. The article was one I had seen before in previous databases called “The influence of the Chinese zodiac on fertility in Hong Kong SAR[18]” which I think is peripheral. I next try “Chinese zodiac.” This search yields a few results, most of them peripheral, one off-topic. I check the “Browse” categories and choose the “Philosophy/Linguistics” categories, which yields no applicable subjects.

ANTHROPOLOGICAL INDEX ONLINE[19]

I first try the “basic search” using “astrology” NL. A handful of results were not relevant, two were in another language. An interesting but off-topic article is, “A study of Babylonian observations involving the zodiac[20].” I then try “Chinese astrology” which yields no results. I then browse through the list of keywords provided by the Index. I chose “Countries” and choose “CHINA.” More than six hundred results are shown, and of the first few pages of results, none seem relevant. I go back to the browse list, and choose “General Keywords” and chose “ASTROLOGY” which gives me the same results as the NL search “astrology.” I finally try “Astrology, Chinese.” However, reviewing the first few pages of the results shows that the database must have searched for “Chinese” and none are relevant.

REFERENCES

ENCYLOPEDIA BRITANNICA ONLINE[21]

I began using the NL term “astrology.” The term was too broad with almost two hundred results and yielded no relevant results in the first five pages of results. “Chinese astrology” narrowed the results down to under twenty, but none were relevant. I try the “Advanced Search” using the term “Chinese astrology” with the choice “use the exact phrase.” The search produces under ten results, most are the same as in the “Chinese astrology” previous search without the limiter. I then try “Chinese zodiac” which yields under five results, none are relevant.

Example of results:

In the “yingyang[22]” article, although “Chinese astrology” is mentioned in the text, it is only a brief sentence and not even very relevant as a resource providing background into the topic.

WIKIPEDIA[23]

Although Wikipedia has questionable sources, I decided to use it cautiously. I searched for “Chinese astrology” and yielded one relevant result. Although I can not completely verify the information, from my knowledge of Chinese astrology, everything seemed to be correct. In the“Chinese astrology[24] article, there were few cited sources, but I recognize two from previous searches. The article is very simple and general, but provides links to provide more in-depth articles of a particular topic. There are “See also” links to other articles, which I will count as CV. I click on the main article, which is “CHINESE ZODIAC[25].” Again, although I can not verify the sources, this article seems highly relevant. There is a “see also” link to an “EARTHLY BRANCHES[26]” article. Although this article is applicable, I think it is geared for astrological scholars. It is esoteric and slightly off-topic for the purposes of this search. Although there are links for each of the twelve zodiac signs, I choose “PIG[27]” and “TIGER[28].” Both are highly relevant, although the “PIG” article seems to have slightly more information than the “TIGER” article. Perhaps more users contributed to the “PIG” article. There are many more relevant articles linked to the original “Chinese astrology” article that I did not explore.

WEB

GOOGLE

Seeing the Google search engine on the Bibliography Plans of past students, I decided to document my Google search. I first started with NL “Chinese astrology” which yielded more than a million results. The first five pages seemed to be highly relevant websites providing free Chinese horoscopes or articles on the subject. For example, I found the I-Village Chinese Astrology webpage[29] using Google, which I used for one of my annotated entries. Also in the top results were the Wikipedia pages I looked at earlier. However, some websites that offer the free horoscopes also offer a more in-depth horoscope for a price. Also, not all the websites seem “reputable.” The “searches related to” listed such topics as “Chinese astrology compatibility,” “Chinese astrology love,” “Chinese astrology years” and “Chinese astrology 2009.” I wasn’t sure if these “searches related to” would be considered NL or CV, but I decided to use NL as they were the NL of past Google users. I clicked on the link for “Chinese astrology compatibility” which yielded more than 200,000 results. Many of the websites listed looked applicable for the general audience of this project. Again, some websites may ask for a fee for more in-depth horoscopes. “Chinese astrology love” yielded almost 900,000 results, and were similar to the websites listed in the “Chinese astrology compatibility” search. I also tried a search with the terms “Chinese zodiac” which yielded more than 10 million results. Amongst the first pages of results for this search, although many were the same Wikipedia articles and websites from previous searches, there were also a lot of websites using astrology as a marketing tool. I also tried “Chinese horoscope.’ The first results of the over million listed were good, free horoscopes, including horoscopes for 2009. However, like the other searches, you have to navigate your way through the websites and dodge the not-so-reputable sites and the websites using the free horoscopes as a marketing ploy.

SAMPLE ANNOTATED ENTRIES

MUST-READS

White, Suzanne. The new Chinese astrology. New York : St. Martin's Press, 1993.

Highly recommended for the general reader all the way to professional astrologists. Combines Western and Chinese horoscopes for a chillingly accurate, easy to read horoscope.

Somerville, Neil. Your Chinese Horoscope 2009: What the year of the ox holds in store for you. Harper Collins, 2009.

Recommended for the general reader. Gives annual horoscope and predictions for each sign for the year. Predictions may be vague, but the best book for annual horoscopes.

IF YOU HAVE TIME…

Zhang, Fang. Animal symbolism of the Chinese zodiac.  Beijing : Foreign Languages Press, 1999. [BF1714.C5 Z53 1999]

Provides background of Chinese astrology in a story format. Signs of the Chinese zodiac are designated by animals. Tells the story of the Great Race of the twelve animals to the Buddha. Explains the relationship between the animals, their characteristics and their influence on peoples' fates. Recommended for the general reader and astrology lovers.

Lau, Theodora. The handbook of Chinese horoscopes. 3rd. ed. New York : Perennial Library, 1995. [BF1714.C5 L38 1995]

Describes the elements, seasons and ascendant signs that rule your horoscope. Provides a combination horoscope of Western and Chinese astrology. Also gives marriage compatibility horoscopes. For the general reader.

IF YOU HAVE A LOT OF TIME…

I Village. “Chinese Astrology.” Available from website: http://chinese.astrology.com/default.aspx; accessed November 2009.

Recommended for the general reader. A free site, provides a basic information on Chinese horoscopes, compatibility, history and gives a daily horoscope. To receive advanced readings, you need to pay.

Wong, Ka Fu and Linda Yung. “Do Dragons Have Better Fate?” Economic Inquiry 43, no 3 (July 2005): 689-697

Recommended for those studying astrology and professional astrologists. Chinese families plan their children’s birth for Dragon years, increasing birth rates during those years. Discusses the consequences to Chinese society and tests if Dragons truly are more prosperous. Information may be slightly peripheral.

CONCLUSION

SUMMARY OF SEARCHES

            In regards to result of my searches, I realize that Chinese astrology is not accepted by Western academics as a serious topic for research or even discussion. It is a popular topic amongst everyday people. Due to this fact, the best sources for information on this topic were the HSPLS OPAC, Google and Wikipedia, which all cater to a larger public. The other sources catered to academics and researchers and the topic was ignored or even challenged.

Although I am interested in the topic, I do not live my life by my horoscope. For me, astrology is just a fun hobby that I can connect to people with. Despite my casual interest in the topic, I critique Western scholars and academics who choose to ignore the topic as a serious topic. I think there is a Judeo-Christian bias amongst academics which prevents them from taking this topic seriously. If there are more than ten million hits for “Chinese zodiac” on Google, it seems that many people are interested in the topic. I am not suggesting an Astrology academic programs be started in universities across the country, but perhaps academics could further study how Chinese astrology affects the everyday lives of Americans, for example. I was especially disappointed that the Encyclopedia Britannica Online, which is a general source, did not have an article about the topic. I think this topic should be at least mentioned, if not studied further.

VALUE OF THE ASSIGNMENT

This assignment helped to clarify the searching and organizing skills I’ve been taught all semester. I enjoy searching for information and although it was at times tedious, it was also at times a treasure hunt. I have a better understanding of which resources are better for certain topics. I also comprehend the value a reputable, verified source. It is so easy for myself and my generation (and younger) to simply Google something or look it up in Wikipedia. Although these sources have their place, I also honor print sources more as well as databases and indexes as valuable resources.

There were times in the assignment where I wished I had chosen a more academic topic or at least a broader topic. After doing a few searches on the academic databases, I was discouraged by my lack of results and the lack of flexibility in the CV and NL terms. I was ready to change my topic to Chinese diaspora. However, I am glad that I stuck with my topic. Often, in a library setting, patrons or users may not have just academic questions. This search revealed which sources were better to use for a popular topic.


APPENDIX

VOYAGER OPAC:

Search Terms

Results

Relevance

Chinese AND astrology

149

SR

ASTROLOGY, CHINESE

130

SR

HOROSCOPES

14

P

ASTROLOGY, CHINESE- CONGRESSES

1

NR

ASTROLOGY, CHINESE-EARLY WORKS TO 1800

2

NR

ASTROLOGY, CHINESE, IN ART

1

NR

ASTROLOGY, CHINESE-PERIODICALS

1

NR

ASTROLOGY, CHINESE-TERMINOLOGY

1

NR

Chinese AND horoscope

2

NR

 

HSPLS OPAC:

Search Terms

Results

Relevance

Chinese astrology

131

HR

ASTROLOGY, CHINESE

98

HR

ASTROLOGY, CHINESE- JUVENILE FICTION

3

SR

ASTROLOGY, CHINESE- JUVENILE LITERATURE

9

SR

Chinese horoscope

11

SR

ASTROLOGY, CHINESE-- DRAMA

3

NR

ASTROLOGY, CHINESE--FICTION

14

NR

ASTROLOGY, CHINESE, IN ART

1

NR

ASTROLOGY—DATA PROCESSING

1

NR

ASTROLOGY—DICTIONARIES

5

NR

ASTROLOGY—EARLY WORKS TO 1800

1

NR

ASTROLOGY—ENCYCLOPEDIAS

3

NR

 

RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY COLLECTION

Search Terms

Results

Relevance

Chinese AND astrology

4

P

ASTROLOGY, CHINESE

2

P

astrology

147

NR

ASTROLOGY

49

NR

Chinese AND horoscopes

0/Smart Text 5,367

NR

 

ACADEMIC SEARCH PREMIER

Search Terms

Results

Relevance

Chinese AND astrology

47

SR

ASTROLOGY, CHINESE

22

SR

ZODIAC

150

SR

ZODIAC AND Chinese

17

SR

 

PHILOSOPHER’S INDEX

Search Terms

Results

Relevance

astrology

135

NR

Chinese AND astrology

1

NR?

ASTROLOGY

11

NR

ASTROLOGY AND Chinese

1

NR?

zodiac

1

NR

 

PROJECT MUSE

Search Terms

Results

Relevance

astrology

782

NR

Chinese astrology

105

NR

 

Chinese zodiac

42

NR

ASTROLOGY-CHINESE—HISTORY—MING DYNASTY, 1368-1644

1

NR

 

MASTERFILE PREMIER

Search Terms

Results

Relevance

Chinese AND astrology

49

SR/P

ASTROLOGY, CHINESE

24

SR/P

Chinese AND zodiac

68

SR/P

Chinese zodiac AND Chinese astrology

68

SR/P

Chinese AND horoscope*

22

SR/P

astrology

1368

NR

Chinese AND astrology OR zodiac

1428

NR

 

INGENTA

Search Terms

Results

Relevance

Chinese zodiac

4

P

Chinese astrology

1

P

astrology

89

NR

PHILOSOPHY/LINGUISTICS (browse)

252

NR

ANTHROPOLOGICAL INDEX ONLINE

Search Terms

Results

Relevance

astrology

5

NR

Chinese astrology

0

NR

CHINA

640

NR

ASTROLOGY

5

NR

Astrology, Chinese

378

NR

 

ENCYLOPEDIA BRITANNICA ONLINE

Search Terms

Results

Relevance

Chinese astrology

14

NR

astrology

193

NR

“Chinese astrology”

6

NR

Chinese zodiac

4

NR

 

WIKIPEDIA

Search Terms

Results

Relevance

Chinese astrology

1

HR with caution

CHINESE ZODIAC

1

HR with caution

EARTHLY BRANCHES

1

SR

PIG

1

HR with caution

TIGER

1

HR with caution

 

GOOGLE

Search Terms

Results

Relevance

Chinese astrology

1.08 million

HR

Chinese astrology compatibility

214,000

HR

Chinese astrology love

858,000

HR

Chinese zodiac

10.5 million

SR

Chinese horoscope

1.16 million

SR

 

 


ENDNOTES



[1] Wikipedia,“Chinese astrology.” available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_astrology; Internet; accessed November 2009.

 

[2] Kate L. Turabian, John Grossman, and Alice Bennett. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers,

 

Theses, and Dissertations. Chicago guides to writing, editing, and publishing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.

 

[3] Library of Congress Subject Headings, 30th edition. (Washington, D.C.: Library Of Congress,

2007).

[4] University of Hawai‘i, Hawaii Voyager Library Catalog [home page on-line]; available from

 

http://uhmanoa.lib.hawaii.edu/webvoy.htm; Internet; accessed November 2009.

 

[5] Lexian Liu. Mawangdui tian wen shu kao shi. Guangzhou : Zhongshan da xue chu ban she, 2004.

 

[6] Hawaiʻi State Public Library System, Horizon Information Portal [home page on-line];

 

available from http://ipac.librarieshawaii.org/ipac20/ipac.jsp?profile=def; Internet; accessed November 2009.

 

[7] Religion and Philosophy Collection (EBSCO Industries, Inc., 2009) [database online]; available from http://micro189.lib3.hawaii.edu/ezproxy/details.php?dbId=2323; University of Hawaii

Electronic Resources; accessed November 2009.

 

[8] “The Golden Pig Cohort.” The Economist, 382, February 2007, no. 8515, 44-44

 

[9] Academic Search Premier (EBSCO Industries, Inc., 2009) [database online]; available from  

 

http://micro189.lib3.hawaii.edu/ezproxy/details.php?dbId=2323; University of Hawaii Electronic Resources; accessed November 2009.

 

[10] “Tale of rat.” The Beijing Review, 51, February 2008, no.6, 45-45

 

[11]Encyclopedia Britannica Online; available from  http://micro189.lib3.hawaii.edu/ezproxy/details.php?dbId=2323; University of Hawaii Electronic Resources; accessed November 2009.

 

[12] Ralph D. Sawyer and Mei-Chun Lee Sawyer. Ling Ch'i Ching: A Classic Chinese Oracle. Boston: Shambhala, 1995.

 

[13] Project Muse; available from http://muse.jhu.edu.eres.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/; University of Hawaii Electronic Resources;accessed November 2009.

 

[14] David W. Pankenier, “The Planetary Portent of 1524 in China and Europe.” Journal of World History, 20, September 2009, No.3, 339-375

 

[15] MasterFILE Premier; (EBSCO Industries, Inc., 2009) [database online]; available from  

 

http://micro189.lib3.hawaii.edu/ezproxy/details.php?dbId=2323; University of Hawaii Electronic Resources; accessed November 2009.

 

[16] “The golden pig cohort.” The Economist.

 

[17] Ingenta; available from  http://micro189.lib3.hawaii.edu/ezproxy/details.php?dbId=2323; University of Hawaii Electronic Resources; accessed November 2009.

 

[18] P.S.F. Yip; Lee J.; Cheung Y.B. “The influence of the Chinese zodiac on fertility in Hong Kong SAR.” Social Science and Medicine, 55, November 2002, 10, 1803-1812

 

[19] Anthropological Index Online; available from http://muse.jhu.edu.eres.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/; University of Hawaii Electronic Resources;accessed November 2009.

 

[20] J. M. Steele and J. M. K. Gray, “A study of Babylonian observations involving the zodiac.” Journal for the history of astronomy, 38, 2007, vol. 4, 443-58

 

[21] Encyclopedia Britannica Online; available from  http://micro189.lib3.hawaii.edu/ezproxy/details.php?dbId=2323; University of Hawaii Electronic Resources; accessed November 2009.

 

[22] “yinyang.” Encylcopedia Britannica Online. available from http://search.eb.com.eres.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/eb/article-9077972; accessed November 2009.

 

[23] Wikipedia, The Free Enclycopedia. [home page on-line]; available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page. accessed November 2009.

 

[24] Wikipedia,“Chinese astrology.”

 

[25] Wikipedia,“Chinese zodiac.” available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_zodiac. accessed November 2009.

 

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