Geog 104 - Daily Maps - Fall 2013

Some Inspriations...

An inspirational story about SkyTruth here , and a link to SkyTruth.org . Maybe this is why we are doing this course.

Some collections...

One place with lots of examples to talk about... The OCSI Map Gallery website

And another... The Maps posted by The Atlantic

And another... Michael Friendly's "Milestones in the history of thematic cartography, statistical graphics, and data visualization"

Some maps...

  1. NYTimes - New Hampshire primary results. Choropleth and graduated point symbols. (link) .
  2. Bedolina (but see http://www.henry-davis.com/MAPS/> (or http://www.cartographic-images.net) for some contention on "earliest" and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_maps for some other images.) Note the range of symbology: Pictographic, iconic, conventional, abstract.
  3. NY Times Top 1% map. Interactive. Set an income level by typing. Map unit symbolized changes with mouse over. Legend changes with click. Examples are plotted, moused-over added. Scale/zoom slider. Is the logic of this symbology clear? Do you get a sense of the pattern of level of income needed to be in the top 1% of incomes across the country?
  4. NY Times Stop and Frisk Map Graduated point symbols or continuous tone? look what happens as you change scale ('zoom'). The transparency "adding up" makes the color (value) work with some redundance to symbolize the number of events.
  5. Google Earth.
  6. Chicago Boundaries . From the wall maps section of projects... This is another dot map where the symbology seems to change with scale (continuous to point), but it also shows blending of several surfaces.
  7. Zhao Yu Tu "map of the area of the mausoleum". Where? 2,300 years old. 37" x 19" engraved on 1/4 inch thick copper plate. http://www.archaeology.org/9803/newsbriefs/map.html, John Noble Wilford (2001) The Mapmakers Sources hedge on the significance and other aspects: "oldest map found in China", "oldest map with clearly marked distances", "oldest extant Chinese map", "oldest number-bearing map in the world". But we've seen other claims of oldest map as much as 14,000 years ago.
  8. Another color dot distribution map from the NYTimes. (Here.) This one maps census data on race at a county level with dots placed (randomly) within the counties. People per Dot changes with scale, and seems often to leave empty space. Some of the county borders standout even when not drawn. Robinson (Elements of Cartography, 1969) and Mackay ("Dotting the Dot Map" in Surveying and Mapping v9 pp3-10 1969) wrote about dot size and value to get "coalescence" and a visually appealing map. This interactive map updates but draws upon such writing.
  9. Maps of the Occupy Wall Street Movement. There are lots of maps of OWS on-line. See the range of visual impressions some of their various symbologies tell? eg 1 , eg 2 , eg 3 , and eg 4 .
  10. This is a bit different... Senator Al Frankin drawing maps of the USA by hand and from memory. (2 min, MPR, 2009) , (5 min, 2007) , (2 min, CNN, 2009) . (Thanks, YouTube.)
  11. Here's one from a few years ago that may remian timely. Plate carre is not equidistant, and it is way too easy to do silly things when you are not thinking! See: ths. Projections do matter. His 'better' map is still perhaps not the one I'd go with.
  12. USDA Cropland Data Layer. nassgeodata.gmu.edu/CropScape Probably beats a statistical table for getting a sense of where various crops are grown in the US. Pointilist dasymetric sub-county level detail.
  13. How about an animated flow map with near real-time data behind it? This one show wind speed and direction on the US mainland. The data are forecasts downloaded once per hour from the National Digital Forecast Database.
  14. Google plays with 8-bit graphics of the Nintendo Entertainment System for April Fool's Day. here?
  15. This came from Tracey P. Lauriault via the Canadian Cartographic Association's mail list. "Normally Telegeography has the monopoly on Internet Cable Maps, but looks there there are a few other's making these: http://www.techcentral.co.za/s-african-develops-free-submarine-cables-map/15814/ - http://www.cablemap.info/ (mashup) - http://www.submarinecablemap.com/ Articles: - http://www.extremetech.com/computing/96827-the-secret-world-of-submarine-cables - http://www.techcentral.co.za/s-african-develops-free-submarine-cables-map/15814/ - my real fave - Neal Stephenson http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/4.12/ffglass.html
  16. An image noted by a colleague with interests in water and Montevideo... link and large
  17. NYT's Interactive Electoral Map. around here.
  18. Shake, Rattle and Roll: maps of existential risk from... The Burning Platform
  19. A design firm Stamen Design with some interesting maps.
  20. David Rumsey Collection in Google... here.
  21. Map of US interventions in Latin America... spatially indexed stories (here)
  22. Maps of craft breweries, comparing absolute numbers and numbers normalized by population. The text also reports correlations with income, education and happiness (at the state level). from The Atlantic Cities
  23. Hawaii 2012 Primary Election Mashup. Here. Point symbols using hue rather than value to indicate ranges of a quantitative variable for spatially extensive units may make sense if one considers these as qualitative differences at polling places. I think that the "turnout" percentage is of registered voters rather than of eligible voters. Precinct variation in population (vote) is not shown.
  24. Kickstarter project for... Food, an Altas . Interesting way to put together an atlas. Personnally, I think the guerrilla cartography moniker is a bit strange. Drawing on a war metaphor rather than one grounded in writing, informing, or educating, while at the same time not indicating what is being fought for or against seems a red herring. It also seems to signal a more confrontational than useful take. Perhaps I need to see who these folks are. Someone might want to see whether this is a good kickstarter marketing strategy.
  25. The Alaska State Ferry system map. I think this shows in (almost?) real-time where the vessels are. The plate carree projection is a bit of a distraction but easy to use in a mashup. The ship symbols sizes stay constant; at smaller scales ("zoomed out") they are monsterously large and at large scales they are tiny. The wake makes them look like speed boats. Pointing at the vessels or the terminals gives identifying text. The ferry trip from Bellingham to Juneau or Haines is worth doing.
  26. Some election mapping comments in an email from D. R. Fraser Taylor:
    Re: [CCA-list] Nuanced map view of the US Elections
    From: Fraser Taylor 
    To: cca-list 
    Tracey,
    Choropleth maps are probably one of the worst ways of showing US
    election results.This visualisation is better but although much
    more accurate it still has problems in terms of how the uninformed
    user may perceive it. The granularity of the date is a distinct advantage.
    Fraser.
    
    On 15/11/2012 10:22 AM, X wrote:
    > Imagine if we could get these data at that level 
    > of granularity in Canada!
    >
    
    www.technologyreview.com/view/507501/data-visualization-reveals-a-less-divided-states-of-america/ 
    
    http://www-personal.umich.edu/~mejn/election/2012/ 
    >
    
  27. The SGI Twitter Heat map, via the Huffington Post here. Spectral color scheme. Spatial aggregation?
  28. Here's another one from XKCD pointed out by Duane Marble. "Pet Peeve #208". Heat maps and population maps.
  29. Unmapping an island in 2012? Sandy Island. Now, this is a place that some map geneology might be in order. Why is this place in the datasets that it is? When did it start? In what source? Maybe this or this says.
  30. Interactive map of The Rolling Stones' live show history. here . I am not sure why the cartographer chose the projection(s?) that are used, would like to have seen time and the sequence more easily (which show was first? which last? how much time between shows?), and are straight lines on this projection realistic (i.e., do you think 1989's Steel Wheels tour really went like that?).
  31. I thought that we had a few pointers to the Apple Maps debacle in September 2012 (what a mess!). Here's (another) one on the consequences of bad data, via the BBC. "Apple Maps 'is life-threatening' to motorists lost in Australia heat" .
  32. Jenni Sparks - hand drawn map. I'm not sure what to call this type of symbology. The texture results from hand drawing landmark features in orthographic projection, (keeping major roads open?), integrating neighborhood names, and using color to set off parks and water --- all to fill the planimetric map. An interesting effect. I have not tried to test the map simplification, and displacements of location and scale of the features that are drawn. Analyzing them might make a good term project.
  33. Brookings Institute Global MetroMonitor interactive map. here . The authors were: Emilia Istrate and Carey Anne Nadeau. The 'mouse over' to retrieve statistical reports for individual metropolitan areas is straightforward and common enough, but note the "Plot" vs "Map" toggle and the movement of dots between them to relate places in the geographic and economic spaces. That seems interesting. Does it work? What limitations would you expect with this? On the "comparisons with counrty growth 2011-2012" map, what do you make of the symbol color scheme?
  34. Here's a dot map that shows one person per dot. bmander.com/dotmap/index.html . It is interesting for raises questions about the design of dot maps... should the number of dots per person interact with the map scale? the display resolution? should the cartographer try to ease the effects of statistical borders?
  35. An animation of US weather for 2012. Maybe it is still here: http://www.wunderground.com/video/ or there abouts.
  36. NYTimes story (8Jan2013) on digital globes. Indeed, these are becoming more affordable. When can we get one? What would we do with it?
  37. Best and worst countries in which to be born. here . Classic choropleth map. Hows the color scheme? Can you distinguish all the categories? Is that a good map projection for this? What do you make of the lines connecting parts of multi-part polygons, more colloquially, "islands"?
  38. Here's another case that raises issues about making public record information more easily accessible. Directly and via a 'blog' that includes some more context here . Hmmm. Information wars? Setting information "free"? Privacy? There is some complextiy to sort-out here.
  39. Here is a story in images... What's all the light in North Dakota?
  40. An interactivce timeline graphic on milestones in data visualization... datavis.ca/milestones/.
  41. I'm not sure that I buy that this is really... the-saddest-map-in-america/, but it might be useful information.
  42. Not a map per se, but a BBC News piece by Duncan Walker on "Has street view changed the way we behave?". It sure is handy in Geog 340. See: www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-21880217.
  43. A physicist maps "Where's George" data here .
  44. Here's one showing economic contrasts along transit line transects in New York City. Inequality and New York's Subway . That economic surface is quite a terrain. Does this show the gradients well? The locations of maxima and minima?
  45. This NY Times story on NYC putting street maps on the streets, (here) , raises many questions but most deeply harkens back to the debate about whether educating map users or improving map design is the better way to improve map use performance. I like both, but education seems more key. What do you think?
  46. Colorful, and maybe pithier than shallow, but this inadvertantly shows the way a conceptual (data?) model's inertia can swamp and maybe sink the intended message. Why would the borders remain fixed so under corporate feudalism? What would you envison?
  47. A bit tongue in cheek, but this look at the printed map does show some real advantages to the technology. here .
  48. Maybe we should look at ESRI's GeoCommons site both to see the maps and to see whether it offers a useful tool/introduction to web-based cartography.
  49. Here's another set of maps and commentary from MapBrief dealing with 'first impressions' of maps. On the LA election map, I'm wondering how, if it is one dot per voter, not about privacy but about how many pixels it takes to display the map, or how few voters it takes to elect a mayor there. Does the map fit on screen if each voter gets even a single pixel? Look here.
  50. Another case of a place gone missing in Google's databases: Jura .
  51. An area cartogram from the Atlantic showing US electricity use in 1921. (Here.) Beyond the area, each state's rank is printed in green. Note also the hand-drawn generalization and the several ways that visual hierarchy is achieved.
  52. A test of pattern recognition... a demonstration of maps as sources of distibutive pattern... and a quiz show, all wrapped in one. Name the city from the pattern of Starbucks.
  53. A trace of a person's cell phone, twitter, etc locations for six months, turned into a google maps mashup. Here.
  54. Another dot density map from the Atlantic Cities place matters site, showing where non-English speakers are in the US. But did they leave-out Hawaii?
  55. Twisted Sifter... 40 maps to make sense of the world
  56. Big data, some maps, some system intelligence, some ubiquitous spatial information... like maps of waste streams and getting health services in your neighborhood... and some questions: 'The Human Face of Big Data' . (5:08 minutes video) Indeed, who owns our data? Who says what's shared?
  57. Maybe more about people than maps exactly but... Jon Stewart and the Daily Show via Daily KOS had to get on this list sometime.
  58. Another one that a couple of cartographers emailed each other about... how about garrish and indistinguishable colors? Congressionial Religions .
  59. How about some more choropleth maps? This time showing the geography (distribution) of STEM employment in the US. From here. Looks like the "small multiples" or "micromaps" approach; or is this an atlas? Is that the best projection choice and consequent use of map space they could make? Does the interactive widget help? Cranky cartographic critique aside, likely location of career opportunities is something worth thinking about.
  60. Another BBC story on Apple's cartographic mess, this one on driving directions across a runway! Gee, this live "database and navigation provision" world seems even more perilous than the old map in the glovebox. Keep your eyes on the terrain.
  61. Lincoln and an early "Infographic" ... from the New Yorker and the LOC .
  62. NYTimes aerial photos as art
  63. Interactive map of carbon sinks and sources in British Columbia, from The Tyee .
  64. And here is one that was intended and works as a joke... a map of gun owners in Montana . The humor highlights some limitations of choropleth mapping. (And maybe a sly way to resist a requirement to 'map' something.) Would a point pattern map of households have been as effective comedically or cartographically?
  65. Another cautionary note on who gets your phone's location data. It seems more widely distributed than you might have imagined. See spatial reserves. And yes, plate carree is easy, but is it really the best choice here?
  66. This Where am I? trailer seems perhaps a bit provocative. (I have not seen the film.)
  67. Here's a nice essay that highlights the problems that can come of the overly simplistic drawing of lines on maps and then expecting reality to follow them. Why border lines drawn with a ruler in WW1 still rock the Middle East. By Tarek Osman.
  68. Graduated point symbols for Most Walkable Cities in the US, from Governing Mag . A classic looking thing... contrasting lines casing the circles allowing overlap. (Do those clusters suggest a diffusion process at work?) Why blue rather than green? Why this projection? Where are HI and AK?
  69. This one is for the more location information promiscuous... a story from TechCrunch on Google's Location History Browser . Access to maps.google.com/locationhistory requires a login.
  70. NYT story on online atlas of amaerica, ca. 1935.
  71. The NY TImes "learning network" writer picked-up on the US dialect map here . Perhaps its content is more interesting in Geog340, but the graded boundaries here seem a good idea. The interactive version allows one to zoom in to the point where one can see points.
  72. The NY Times again! Interactive choropleth map of poverty in America at the census tract level. here
  73. NPR story on a contender for the title "world's oldest map". A mural at Catalhoyk in central Turkey, a neolithic town site 9,000 years ago. Features Keith Clarke. here
  74. Microsoft Power Map is now more generally available in excel... see here .
  75. US states labled with names of countries having similar GDP-sized economies. here
  76. Where is the internet? Schematically, here . The scale seems to change from map to map and the projection(s?) probably distort both distance and direction, and the lines representing cables are probably displaced to fit on the map rather than showing actual placements on the globe, but we get some idea of the infrastructure.
  77. ESRI's Women in... Story Map . Volunteered geographic information to produce dot distribution maps. Diamonds, circles, stars, squares, colors --- any meaning intended? What do you think of the point symbol size - scale change interaction? Is that an equal-area projection?
  78. Traps. Agloe, NY, then, then again, and now... from NPR . And picked up in the NYTimes here . The NYT story is a bit breathless (what enigma?) and it's quoting nine digits to the right of the decimal point in degrees of latitude and longitude (the last two being 00 in each case) in specifying a location suggests weak understandings of digital number systems, conventions on implied precision, graphic limits on cartography, and hamlet sizes. It suggests why people should study cartography.
  79. Google's Nicaraguan Affair . Is the real question here about the ontological status of maps, whether _you_ should trust Google Maps, whether Google or the State Department are culpable, or whether Commander Pastora should have taken a broadly-cast course on cartography?
  80. Vemeo animation of 24 hours of European air traffic. here.
  81. NASA -- Earth from orbit 2013
  82. Here's one from Slate magazine decrying the dangers of viral (toss-off? / entertainment? / undocumented?) maps. They get to plant notions in your mind, even when those notions are mistaken, silly, purposefully misleading, etc. One of the reasons we are doing this course is to make us better, more informed, even skeptical, map readers. Beyond that, one might ask and hope that map makers are competent and diligent in trying to communicate truthfully. That shouldn't be too much to ask, should it?
  83. Aaron Koblin (Google Creative Labs) CAT 2009 presentation. 23:48. Several data-stream visualizations: airline traffic, IP traffic, SMS messaging, website access, etc. At about 00:50, "The sexy job of the next ten years is going to be statistician."
  84. Earth. By Camron Beccario. Visualization of global air and ocean circulation. Is that all in JavaScript? His presentation at the Graphical web might say more than the abstract does.
  85. The story of John Snyder's Space Oblique Mercator Projection from Wired.com.
  86. Largest companies by revenue in each state. Uses corporate logos as nominal symbols in a choropleth map. Is anyone suprised that this is effective? (How much has been spent to train the users?) Is there a distance decay - information field effect with the logo recognition?
  87. Not a map but an audio file... "Is GIS a profession?" a podcast discussion from Directions Magazine.
  88. Landsat 8 Year Book. Some "before and after" images showing changes in Earth's landcover.
  89. Not a map, but arbitrary color space naming, part of the arguement against using spectral color schemes, from The Atlantic .
  90. How would you project the solid surfaces of the solar system onto a map? Here is a 'take' from xkcd .
  91. Consider a map of "Average Household Income by US Counties" . What questions does that raise?
  92. An application rather than a map... an article on Motor City Mapping and a link to the motorcitymapping.org website itself. This seems to be a system to collect and disseminate user contributed or volunteered geographic data about properties. Does it work when users can add and delete such data? Is there a qualtiy assurance mechanism? Is one needed?
  93. Directions magazine audio discussion of appropriateness of maps of the ebola virus. (19:02, with adverts). (here) . (Audio on maps?) Open the "show notes" links in a new tab. What are the maps for? Locator maps? Showing spread? What is the communication goal; audience and message? Then, what about the data and the graphic presentation? What data? What levels of accuracy, aggregation, and generalization? What pieces of information will support the readers' understanding the phenomenon? Basically, What is the communication objective and how best to achieve it?
  94. NYTimes Quentin Hardy story on seeing earth change in satelite images (here) and an accompanying story about Planet Labs and their plan for 100 small satelites giving very frequent images of earth. See the "Gallery" (pretty) and the "Saltellites" (for a little tech info) links.
  95. OpenStreetMap at ten years old... a link to a video showing its grow-out.
  96. Changing shape of Louisiana... Brett Anderson on medium This seems a bit of a long way around to saying that reality and maps (and databases) can get out of synch. The Mississippi has been re-working the place since long before the Corps of Engineers or the oil and gas industries ever thought about it.
  97. < a href=http://edition.cnn.com/2014/09/09/world/gallery/london-maps/index.html?hpt=hp_c5> from CNN... 9 maps of London
  98. Not enough detail here to really support the title, but some ideas to consider... locations of cases, bat habitat, density of bats, etc ... but then a choropleth map of country boundaries? "Mapping could help stop ebola's spread."
  99. Maybe Marco Polo knew about North America before Columbus... (story) via The Daily Mail. - Thanks to Carl Thompson for the pointer.
  100. Another entry from DFM and The Atlantic... Bill Rankin's Five Favorite Maps. The theme of mapping something that is bigger than the sheet shows up several times.
  101. CDC Ebola map, 1 Oct 2014. here . Choropleth (area symbols) and nominal data. (Or are those ordinal categories? How does "Not Active" differ from the several shades of non-categorized places?
  102. Not a map, but at the core of how they work in our brains... "place cells" and "grid cells" (here) . Worthy of the Nobel Prize for O'Keefe and Moser and Moser.