Ruth Elynia S. Mabanglo

Courses Taught

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IP 368 B

Introduction to South/Southeast Asian



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Schedule:Thursday, 3:00 - 5:30Room:Moore 253
Instructor:Dr. Ruth Elynia S. Mabanglo  Office:Spalding 459
Consultation Hours:By Appointment
Telephone: (808) 956-6970Fax: (808) 956-5978

Course Focus Designations: DS, E, and W

Course Content and Limitations | Objectives of the Course | Grading | Approaches to the Study of the Course | Syllabus

Course Content and Limitations:

Film is one of the most developed areas of Philippine culture. It showcases the best stories and images of history, tradition, lifestyles and practices of the Filipinos. Some of the finest films ever made by Filipino filmmakers and film scriptwriters were adapted from real life experiences, a reconstruction of the brilliant historical moments of the country, if not the best social commentaries on political, social and religious events. In part, this course will tackle how these topics were developed in various films that will be discussed in class. It will also tackle the history and development of the Filipino film industry.

Since life is the main topic of films, and films present the various socio-political, moral and cultural representations of people in the country, it should follow that issues tackled by films directly and indirectly be discussed. This is why the course is Ethics focus. Hence, films will be thoroughly analyzed in terms of its contents to find out, in particular, items that have moral, political, cultural, social and philosophical implications.

Based on the film contents, various ethical issues will be discussed and analyzed:

  • War, colonialism and racial discrimination in multi-cultural societies
  • Leadership and corruption in government
  • Violence against women
  • History and Reconciliation
  • Human Rights and Justice
  • Gender Issues
  • Drug/alcohol and other forms of addiction
  • Social issues such as abortion, euthanasia, etc.
  • Crimes and Justice
  • Human Frailties

Objectives of the Course:

This is a survey course in Philippine films. At the end of this course, students will

  • Learn the history and development of Philippine films;
  • Develop an understanding and appreciation of films -as a form of art and as a form of entertainment.
  • Discover the culture, values and traditions of the Filipino people as gleaned from the films
  • Analyze images and representations of Filipino men, women, gay folks, etc.
  • Discuss social, aesthetic and ethical issues found in the film content.
  • Make inferences or develop insights on the values, practices and behavior of people realistically illustrated in films.
  • Advance analytical and critical skills through analyses and criticism using special or technical vocabulary to the field of films.
  • Be equipped with some degree of proficiency in ethical deliberation.


Summative and formative evaluations will be provided. Class participation will be critically important. An activity sheet will be accomplished with each film viewing. The activity sheet contains questions requiring critical and analytical responses, as well as completion of grids/graphs; summarizing and/or condensing or transferring dialogs to another modality. These activity sheets will be corrected/evaluated and would provide on-going information students' progress.

A midterm examination and a final oral presentation will provide formative evaluation of student progress.

Activity sheets and Classroom Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40%     400 pts
    (Include participation to cultural events)
Writing Activities (film assessment sheets) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40%     400 pts
Examination and Presentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20%     200 pts
TOTAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100%     600 pts

Students must adequately complete all writing assignments to pass the course with a D grade or better. Students who do not complete all writing assignments will fail the course.

Approaches to the Study of the Course:

  • Discussion of various elements/factors affecting social, religious, cultural or political values (individual, small group/class discussions)
  • Comparative approach - compare a Filipino film with another foreign film tackling the same issues or problems (writing)
  • Finding out the effects of a film (historically, through a survey, or reviews)
  • Use contemporary ethical issues in evaluating film content
  • Expose students to various readings that analyze/criticize/evaluate Filipino films

(As there are not textbooks; students are required to pay $10 for supplementary materials).

  • If you are a student with a disability and have a disability-related needs or concerns, please contact the Kokua Program at 956-7511 or drop in to Room 13 in the new Student Services Center.
  • While in the classroom, it is a courteous practice to turn off cellular phones.
Week Topics

Jan 11
Art and History of Filipino Films:

--The roots of Philippine Film: epic/myth - traditional rituals, pasyon
and other religious drama during the Spanish period, the comedia,
the zarzuela (lecture; video clips) [video activity]

Jan 18
Art and History of Filipino Films

Genre; forms; directions, etc.

Jan 25
Film as History:
"Mababangong Bangungot", documentary by Kidlat Tahimik

Focus: Can history/culture be a burden?

Feb 1
Panel Discussions:
(See 4 panel presentation guidelines)
"Colonial Mentality" as an aftermath of colonization; Effects
of Technology and Modernity, etc., Racial Prejudices, Racial Equality
, Religion and Values
Previewing Activity: 'DISCUSSION OF EDSA"

Feb 8
Film as History:
"Ora Pronobis/Fight For Us" by Lino Brocka

Focus: Human Rights Abuses; Politial Power and the Military
Feb 10 Filipino and Philippine Literature Program PICNIC
Ala Moana Beach Park, 9-2 pm
(Attendance/Participation Required)

Feb 15
Panel Discussions:

The Marcos Years

Military/Human Rights Abuses; vigilante justice; public outrage;
human fears, crime and punishment, marriage and family

Feb 22
Gender and Family Issues:

Issues: Labor Migration; Loss of Family Values; etc.

Mar 1
Panel Discussion

Disintegration of native family values due to migration; drug addiction;
premarital sex, etc.

Week Topics

Mar 8
Collection of Midterm Examination

Film on Family Life:
"Dekada '70"
Focus on: Role of Woman in Family and Society
MOVIE: "Munting Tinig"/"Little Voices"
Attendance: optional

Mar 15
Group Discussion:
Male and Female Roles in Philippine Society (issue of 'machismo'),
Premarital sexual relations; human rights, military abuse, etc.

Mar 22
Film and Religion:
"Santa Santita"

Mar 29
Part of Spring Recess

Apr 5
Panel Discussion:
"Religious Values of the Filipino"
"Commercializing Faith"
"Religion vs. Spirituality"

Apr 5
Green Card Romance; culture conflicts, etc.
"Closer to Home"

Apr 12
Panel Discussions:
"Personal journeys"
"Collision of aspirations and cultures"
Personal relationships

Apr 19
Student Presentations

Apr 26
Student Presentations

May 3
Student Presentations