University of Hawai`i at Manoa
History 434, Spring 1998
office: Sakamaki A408 956-7673
office hours: Tues 1:30-2:30 p.m.; Wed 9-11 a.m. or by appointment
As an upper division, writing-intensive history course, this class seeks to foster skills in historical analysis through reading, discussion, and writing. Class meetings will focus on the discussion and analysis of the primary source materials and will include writing workshops and other in-class writing activities to assist students in developing their ideas for the papers. Students will write two thought papers on the readings and a final paper on a topic of their own choosing. This course also makes use of the World Wide Web for supplementary resources; students are encouraged to explore the Web for their papers.
Russell, Jeffrey B., A History of Medieval Christianity: Prophecy and Order (1968).
Jolly, Karen, Tradition and Diversity: Christianity in a World Context to 1500 (1997).
ORB (Online Resource Book for medieval studies)
Ecole Initiative (early church history)
In-class writing and discussion: 10%
Paper One 25% Paper Two 25%
Final Paper 40%
Since the class is writing-intensive and discussion-oriented, a good deal of the learning takes place during class sessions in a way that cannot be duplicated afterward. If you are unexpectedly absent due to illness or a crisis, call or email me and then see me as soon as possible to make up lost work.
Late papers create chaos both for your schedule and mine; consequently, unless a documented excuse is presented, any late work will be docked 5 points per day. In particular, Students are strongly encouraged to begin their final paper project early and to keep to the schedule of deadlines in order to avoid problems at the end of the course. For everyone to receive maximum benefit from the writing feedback in the last week, students must have a full-length rough draft ready to read at the closing sessions.
The Russell numbers at the beginning of each new section refer to the chapters in his book A History of Medieval Christianity. Numbers and titles for each class day refer to the readings book, Tradition and Diversity.
01/15 1 Jew and Gentile: Early Origins of Christianity Study Bible; Early Church Documents
01/20 2 Christian and Roman: Conflict and Assimilation Diocletian Edicts of Persecution; Church Fathers (See Ante-Nicene Fathers to 325, vols. I-IV and Nicene and Post Nicene Fathers, vols. 1-2)
01/22 3 Heterodoxy and Orthodoxy: Defining Heresy Arian Controversy; Docetism
01/27 4 Life and Death: The Body and Resurrection Nicene and Post Nicene Fathers vol. V: Gregory of Nyssa
01/29 5 The Heritage of the Middle Ages Christian Late Antiquity; Augustine; CCEL Church Fathers (NPNF Series I, vol I-VIII for Augustine); Jerome's Vulgate; Jerome's Letters; Boethius
02/03 6 The Power of Christian Saints: Monks, Relics, Icons Monasticism; Iconoclasm
02/05 7 Adaptations of Christianity Outside the Roman World
Broad selections: Byzantium; Islam; Judaism
More diversity: Zoroastrian Creed; Hypatia of Alexandria
02/10 8 Christian Acculturation in Western EuropeThe Germanic Impact; The Celtic World; Bede; Mission of St. Augustine; Boniface; Leoba
02/12 9 Christian Kingship and SocietyThe Roman Church
02/17 10 Christian Education and Theology
02/19 11 Christian Practice and Literature
02/24 12 Christian Diversity and Accommodation
02/26 Paper 1 Workshop
Paper 1 Question: Examine the issue of tradition and diversity in Late Antique and early medieval Christianity: How and why does Christianity both maintain its identity as a religious belief system and yet change as it adapts to new cultural circumstances? What does it mean to be a Christian in this period? due 3/03
03/03 13 Corporate and Individual Reform Paper 1 due
03/05 14 Christians, Muslims, and Jews: Views of the Crusades
3/10 15 Ways of Knowing: Faith and Reason
3/12 16 Individual Diversity: Bernard and Hildegard
03/17 Final Paper Workshop: bring in bibliography and ideas
03/19 17 Orthodox Reform: Popes, Mendicants, and Scholars
03/31 18 Over the Line: Heretics, Inquisitors, Radicals turn in final paper thesis idea
03/23-27 Spring Recess
04/02 19 Popular Religion: Story and Poetry
04/07 20 Cross Cultural Exchange: Missions and Dialogue
04/09 Paper 2 Workshop turn in final paper outline
Paper 2 Question: Examine the dynamic and creative tension between the spirit of prophecy and the spirit of order in medieval European Christianity. How is diversity of religious experience expressed in relation to the need for order and reform in society? How are religious identities created and maintained in an increasingly diverse world? due 4/14
04/14 21 Dissent and Reform in Late Medieval Christendom Paper 2 due
04/16 22 Diversity in Christianity: Late Medieval Spirituality
04/21 23 Religious Expression: Ritual, Drama, and Story
04/23 24 Cross-cultural Contact
04/28 Final Paper Workshop: bring draft of final paper
04/30 Final Paper Workshop: bring draft of final paper
05/05 Final Paper Workshop: bring draft of final paper
05/14 Final Paper due by noon
Choose one of the following works and read the whole of it. Each is excerpted in the primary source readings book, Tradition and Diversity.
*Check out a recent edition of the source (translated into English) and read it.
*Check for background context or information on the place, time, circumstances. Look in the edition of the text itself, or in topic encyclopedias (of medieval history, or the Catholic Encyclopedia, etc).
*Develop a thesis or line of argument explaining the text and its context.
*Organize your paper so that the thesis is up front and background material does not dominate the paper.
Pick a theme from Tradition and Diversity (some are listed below) and use the index to locate relevant documents. Discuss the theme, using examples from primary sources we have read or others you have found. You may want to look up background information on the theme itself (for example, the library has many books on mysticism).
*Review the documents: what do they have in common? how do they differ? Are there changes over time?
*Define the theme, its parameters and characteristics. Look up definitions and views in the texbooks or in the library.
*Develop an argument about the theme, the way that it changes over time, or manifests itself in similar or different ways.
*Organize your paper around these arguments and comparisons. Do NOT organize your paper according to documents (one paragraph on each). DO use the documents as evidence to support your contentions.