History 151 Summer Session I 2000
Final Exam Study Guide


The final exam is held on the last day of class, Friday, June 30, at the same time and in the same place: 9:00-10:15 in Spalding 155.

The final has three parts. Part I is an essay on material since the midterm (Traditions and Encounters chapters 12-21), worth 50 points. Part II asks you to identify and give the significance of three terms from material since the midterm, worth 30 points. Part III is a global essay on themes from throughout the course, worth 70 points.

Follow the study and test-taking guidelines given in the Midterm Study Guide, including the suggestions on using a Matrix, Mindmap, and Outline. The list of final exam essay questions and terms are given below.

Part I Essay on Material since the Midterm

Two of the following questions will appear on the test. Choose one of them and write an essay answer: develop a thesis, organize it around arguments, and support it with examples.
  1. How does ideology influence the development of cultural identities? Compare Christian, Islamic, and Confucian societies and their relationships with other societies.
  2. How do non-urban cultures respond to urban societies? Compare examples from Central Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
  3. How do aesthetic values reveal cultural identity? Discuss using examples from at least three of the following regions: Europe, East Asia, Southeast Asia, the Americas, or Oceania.
  4. Why do societies go to war? Compare Islamic, European, and Japanese warrior cultures.
  5. Africa, the Americas, and Oceania are often ignored or marginalized in pre-1500 history, partly because they are not perceived as major centers of civilization. Discuss why this perception exists by comparing the cultures that develop in these three regions with others we have studied.
  6. What varieties of crosscultural contact can take place and what are the consequences of these interactions? Compare the results in select zones of contact, in the Indian Ocean, Central Asia, and the Mediterranean.

Part II Identification Items on Material since the Midterm

Five of the following items will appear on the test, from which you will choose your three to answer. Make sure you can identify who or what, when (circa) and where; then write a few sentences on why it is significant: what does it tell us about a particular society, how does it relate to global issues?

Part III Global Essay on Course Themes

Two of the following questions will appear on the final. Choose one to answer in an essay. These questions are designed to get you to think globally--to consider themes that run throughout the times and places we have studied. Make sure you have a balance of general argument and specific examples to support your thesis.
  1. Why should we study pre-1500 history? How is the material we have studied relevant to global issues and concerns today?
  2. What is the difference between "history" and the "past?" Define history in relation to "the past" and give examples of how we use various kinds of evidence to construct histories for ourselves.
  3. What is civilization and is it worth it? Define civilization, its pros and cons, and its implications for human lifestyles, using evidence from various types of societies.
  4. Bentley in Traditions and Encounters avoids the term "civilization" and instead talks about "complex societies." Why? Examine the textbook's approach to pre-1500 world history and how it structures the material.
  5. Why is it important to understand different worldviews, even from societies long dead? Discuss using examples of things you have learned in this course about other peoples' worldviews.
  6. Why do people have different views of the world and different ways of coping with life? Examine how worldviews work in different societies by looking at the interaction between the three parts of a worldview (the way people perceive their relationship to the environment, each other, and the supernatural).

Return to Syllabus kjolly@hawaii.edu 4/8/00