- Deeply influenced by Greek philosophy
Aristotle & Neo-Platonism
- Ibn Sina (Avicenna) & Ibn Rushd (Averroës)
- the meaning of Quranic ethical and
attributes such as "just", "obligatory",
- uncover the relationship between human free will and divine
free will (theodicies)
- the capacity of human beings to derive, through reason, the knowledge of
objective ethical norms and truths
Cosmological Arguments the word of God
- Find a new connection with God
- Looking for order in Nature
- Unity: Circles
- The Pythagorean legacy: Numerology
- Astronomy locating yourself in space and time
Sharia or "the right way to water"
- The best way to God is through heaven
- Islam The Straight Path
is a theological religion, deeply concerned with the right articles of faith
to hold. Islam is primarily an ethical religion, deeply concerned
with the right
things to do."
- The Quran and hadiths form the basis for Fiqh which
attempts to understand the Sharia
- Understanding the Sharia requires both reason and revelation
- Hadiths are authenticated collection of sayings and stories about
- Fiqh or legal schools interpret to the Quran and
in order to prescribe and proscribe actions so that Muslims may
walk the Straight
- The jurist are learned individuals, not priests, who study Fiqh
- No Fiqh fully state the truth of the Sharia
- Human beings have free will.
- No original sin.
- God has created the Divine Law to help man to follow the Straight Path,
and therefore may be put aside in times of crises.
- Following the Straight path will lead one to Paradise.
- Deviance from the Straight path will lead one to hell.
- Only God fully comprehends the Sharia.
- There is more than one way to water.
The Sufi way
- Reaction to the Theology and Jurisprudence
- Mysticism argues that both fail because reason and language is
God is beyond human conception or description
- They way to God is through love an ineffable union
Intended for or understood by only a particular group: an
- Who are the Shiis?
- Who are the Sunnis?
Muslims who accept the succession of the first three Caliphs
- The ShiI are the partisans of Ali
They support Ali and his descendents and argue for the right for
and their interpretations of the Quran and Fiqh
- Imam = the next best thing to
What is the Umma? What is Christendom?