RELIGION AND CULTURE: THE PROBLEM OF EVIL
- religion and worldviews
- in relation to culture and language
- in relation to environment, politics and society
- problem of evil
Religion, Culture and Language
- Religion =
- a system of __________, __________ and __________
- relative to __________,
- which shapes an __________ manifested in the __________ of its adherents.
- or: "the systems of belief, which, through
symbols and actions, mobilize the feelings and wills of human
beings." (Ninian Smart)
- "relates a view of the ultimate nature of
reality to a set of ideas of how man is..to live." (Clifford Geertz)
- culture and language
- Can you understand another culture without learning the language?
- universal translator versus "incommensurability"
- What can religious stories tell us about cultures and worldviews?
Religion and Environment, Politics, Society
- creation stories
- Chinese Pangu*
- Mesopotamian Enuma Elish
- Egyptian Amon *; Atum-Re
- India's Purusha
- Mayan Popol Vuh
- gods and nature
- ancestors, aumakua
- chthonic deities
- animal-human combos
- Arinna, Tesup, Dingri-Lama*
- anthropomorphic deities and polytheism
- India: Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva*
- Mesopotamia: Anu, Marduk, Enlil
- Egypt: twins; Osiris and Isis*
- religion, society, and politics: ______________ religion
- ziggurats, Hammurabi; Nippur
- pharoah; Maat; Osiris myth
- Mandate of Heaven
- Temple of Athena
- class: Purusha and varna
- relating to the divine: __________ religion
- geomancy; I Ching
- religion and the eternal: the afterlife
- burial: mummy*
- transcendence and yoga *
- quests: Gilgamesh
The Problem of Evil
- monism: polytheism and monotheism (Judaism, Christianity, Islam)
- dualism (Persian Zoroastrianism)
- Why is there evil in the world?
- development of Hebrew monotheism
- Environment: Palestine, Semitic migrants
- Development: ethnogenesis
- habiru Canaanites (3150-1800 B.C.E.) and Semites (c. 2100 B.C.E.)
- Patriarchs 19th-16th century B.C.E.
- Moses and YHWH
- "Promised Land"
- tribal rule 12th-11th cen. B.C.E.
- United Kingdom 12th cen-926 B.C.E.: David * and Solomon
- Culture and Worldview
- Creation: Genesis
- Covenant and law
- shema and monotheism
- Scripture and tradition
- Dealing with Evil: the wailing wall *
- Vision of Nahum, the fall of Ninevah
- one omnipotent God?
- Persian Zoroastrianism
- Environment: Iranian plateau, 6th-5th cen. B.C.E.
- Prophet Zoroaster c. 600 B.C.E.
- Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu [Ahriman]
- Gathas and magi *
- matrix of worldviews
- what does religion tell us about culture?
- how do we explain the existence of evil in the world?