• Master of Library and Information Studies degree from the School of Library and Information Studies at the University of Hawaii (1994)
  • Postgraduate diploma in computer systems analysis (equivalent of M. Sc. in Information Science) from the International Computer Education and Information Center, Budapest (1984)
  • Special study courses and field studies at Dartmouth College Computer Center, University of California at Santa Barbara Science Engineering Library (1977), and the University of Maryland College of Library and Information Science (1981)
  • Continuing education courses on library automation and information technology at North London Polytechnic, IBM Sudbury Training Center (U.K.); and SIEMENS Ausbildungszentrum (West Germany); (1986, 1971)