FILING INDICATORS FOR INITIAL ARTICLES
(from CPSO documentation)
 
With the advent of MARC 21, the method of counting non-filing characters was clarified. On February 20, 2003 the Library of Congress implemented a change in practice for counting non-filing characters to reflect the MARC 21 clarification. This change applies when definite or indefinite articles are present and the first filing word following the article begins with a character modified by a diacritic. When an initial article is present (see MARC 21 Appendix F), the rule for counting non-filing characters is as follows:
 
Count the article, diacritics associated with the article, any blank space, an alif, an ayn, or any mark of punctuation preceding the first filing character.
 
Do not count a diacritic associated with the first filing character (the alif and ayn are not diacritics, they are special spacing characters not considered for filing).
 
Note: The following characters can be considered candidates as "the first filing character": Latin letters, Arabic numbers, super or subscript numbers, AE digraph, OE digraph, crossed d, eth, Turkish i, Polish l, script l, hooked o, hooked u, slashed o, Icelandic thorn, hatch mark (#), ampersand, plus sign.
 
These examples illustrate the change in practice:
 
Old practice:
245 13 ‡a L'été ...
245 15 ‡a Los últimos ...
245 05 ‡a Der öffentliche Dienst ...
440   5 ‡a Los últimos alazapas ; ‡v2
245 15 ‡a al-#}lam ...
 
New Practice:
245 12 ‡a L'été ...
245 14 ‡a Los últimos ...
245 04 ‡a Der öffentliche Dienst ...
440   4 ‡a Los últimos alazapas ; ‡v2
245 14 ‡a al-#}lam ...
 
Other Helpful Examples With Initial Articles (these *do not* reflect a change in practice):
245 04 ‡a al-#Arab§yah ...
245 14 ‡a H‘ Mon‘ ...
245 12 ‡a L'enfant criminal.
245 05 ‡a [The Part of Pennsylvania that ... townships].
245 15 ‡a The "other" person
 
UH practice:  Revise and update obsolete filing indicators to follow the new MARC21 practice when encountered.
UH practice:   See also  Titles, uniform titles