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Lysimachia hillebrandii
Alternative Botanical Names
Lysimachia ovata
Lysimachia rotundifolia
Lysimachiopsis fauriei
Lysimachiopsis hillebrandii
Lysimachiopsis ovata

Common Names
Kolokolo kuahiwi
Kolekole lehua
Kolokolo lehua
Potential or Traditional Uses
Lei (Flower or Seed)
Photo of Lysimachia hillebrandii foliage and flowers
Lysimachia hillebrandii is a sprawling shrub with stems ranging from 16 inches to 8 feet long. The stems have reddish brown bark and many short branches. Young branches are covered with reddish hairs, but loose these hairs as they mature. The thin, leathery leaves range in shape from oval to long and somewhat narrow. In size, they range from 1 to 3 1/2 inches long and 3/8 inch to 1 3/4 inches wide. The leaf veins are slightly raised and show clearly on the lower surface of the leaves.

The flowers grow singly out from the bases of the leaves. They are trumpet shaped and range in color from burgundy to reddish purple with darker veins. The are usually 3/4 inch long or less. (Wagner 1990)

Habitat and Geographic Range
Lysimachia hillebrandii is a endemic shrub occuring on several islands in Hawai'i. It can be found growing in open areas of moist to wet forest at elevations ranging from 2,000 feet to almost 5,000 feet. It occurs naturally on Kaua'i from Ha'upu to Limahuli. It also grows on O'ahu, scattered locations in eastern Moloka'i, on Lana'i, and in scattered places on Maui. (Wagner 1990)
Propagation by Seeds
The fruit of Lysimachia hillebrandii is a roundish capsule about 3/8 inch in diameter. The capsule opens to release the seeds when it is mature. The seeds are almost black and very small.

Lilleeng-Rosenberger obtained 86% germination from seeds of a closely related species, Lysimachia glutinosa. These results were obtained with fresh seed sown on the surface of the potting medium. It took over 5 months for these seeds to germinate. (Lilleeng-Rosenberger 1996; Wagner 1990)

Propagation by Cuttings
Ragone reported that NTBG had very little success growing a related species, Lysimachia lydgatei, from cuttings. Five cuttings were treated with Rootone F and stuck in a well-drained, moist medium; only 1 cutting rooted. NTBG notes that the cuttings are even less likely to root if they are not planted immediately after collection. (Ragone 1993)
Propagation by Division
Not applicable.
Propagation by Air Layers
No information located to date.
Propagation by Grafting
No information located to date.
Propagation by Tissue Culture
No information located to date.
Lilleeng-Rosenberger, Kerin. 1996. Plant propagation notebook. Unpublished materials: National Tropical Botanical Garden.

Ragone, Diane, (Program Coordinator). 1993. Hawaii Plant Conservation Center - Collection & Propagation Project: Progress Report (USFWS Grant 14-48-0001-92581). Lawai, Hawaii: National Tropical Botanical Garden. p. 13.

Wagner, Warren L., Darrel R. Herbst, and S. H. Sohmer. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. 2 vols., Bishop Museum Special Publication 83. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press and Bishop Museum Press. p. 1081-1082.

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The image in this record is used with permission from Dr. Gerald Carr's Web site "Hawaiian Native Plants" at

Last updated:
1 September 2001

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