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Lysimachia daphnoides
Alternative Botanical Names
Lysimachia hillebrandii
Lysimachiopsis daphnoides

Common Names
Lehua makanoe
Kolekole lehua
Kolokolo kuahiwi
Kolokolo lehua
Potential or Traditional Uses
Lei (Flower or Seed)
Photo of Lysimachia daphnoides flower
Lysimachia daphnoides is a small shrub varying from 8 to 10 inches tall. The upright stems are covered with reddish brown to dark brown bark. The leathery leaves are closely spaced along the stem and overlap each other. They are long and narrow ranging in size from 3/4 to 2 inches long and about 3/8 inch wide.

The flowers grow singly out from the bases of the leaves. They are trumpet shaped and range in color from dark burgundy to dark purple. The are 5/8 inch to 3/4 inch long. (Wagner 1990)

Habitat and Geographic Range
Lysimachia daphnoides is a rare, endemic shrub. It grows on vegetation islands in the Alaka'i Swamp on Wahiawa Bog on Kaua'i. In the Alaka'i, it grows at elevations ranging from almost 4,000 feet to a 5,100 feet. The elevation at Wahiawa Bog is about 2,000 feet. (Wagner 1990)
Propagation by Seeds
The fruit of Lysimachia daphnoides is a roundish capsule that opens to release the seeds when it is mature. The seeds are dark brown and tiny.

Lilleeng-Rosenberger obtained 86% germination from seeds of a closely related species, Lysimachia glutinosa. These results were obtained with fresh seed sown on the surface of the potting medium. It took over 5 months for these seeds to germinate. (Lilleeng-Rosenberger 1996; Wagner 1990)

Propagation by Cuttings
Ragone reported that NTBG had very little success growing a related species, Lysimachia lydgatei, from cuttings. Five cuttings were treated with Rootone F and stuck in a well-drained, moist medium; only 1 cutting rooted. NTBG notes that the cuttings are even less likely to root if they are not planted immediately after collection. (Ragone 1993)
Propagation by Division
Not applicable.
Propagation by Air Layers
No information located to date.
Propagation by Grafting
No information located to date.
Propagation by Tissue Culture
No information located to date.
Lilleeng-Rosenberger, Kerin. 1996. Plant propagation notebook. Unpublished materials: National Tropical Botanical Garden.

Ragone, Diane, (Program Coordinator). 1993. Hawaii Plant Conservation Center - Collection & Propagation Project: Progress Report (USFWS Grant 14-48-0001-92581). Lawai, Hawaii: National Tropical Botanical Garden. p. 13.

Wagner, Warren L., Darrel R. Herbst, and S. H. Sohmer. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. 2 vols., Bishop Museum Special Publication 83. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press and Bishop Museum Press. p. 1080.

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The image in this record is used with permission from Dr. Gerald Carr's Web site "Hawaiian Native Plants" at

Last updated:
1 September 2001

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