College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources logo

Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database

database logo

Artemisia australis
Alternative Botanical Names
Artemisia eschsholtziana
Artemisia hillebrandii
Artemisia microcephala

Common Names
Hinahina kuahiwi
Potential or Traditional Uses
Lei (Flower or Seed)
Photo of Artemesia australis flowers
Artemisia australis is a small to medium sized aromatic shrub. It generally grows to 4 or 5 feet tall with an equal diameter, but it can reach 10 feet in height. The leaves are finely divided into somewhat linear segments. They are gray green to silvery, especially on the undersides, and can be slightly fuzzy. The small flowers are borne on leafless heads only slightly above the top leaves. (Koob 1998; Wagner 1990)
Habitat and Geographic Range
Artemisia australis is a Hawaiian endemic plant. It is native to all the main Hawaiian islands and is usually found on exposed windward cliff faces. It occurs at elevations up to 3,500 feet. (Wagner 1990)
Propagation by Seeds
The seeds of Artemisia australis are small and germinate best when fresh. They lose viability after about a year. Sow the seeds on moist sterile potting soil and cover them lightly with fine sand or fine peat moss. Keep the medium moist. (Koob 1998)
Propagation by Cuttings
Artemisia australis is easily grown from cuttings. Use tip cuttings 3 to 4 inches long. Remove the lower leaves and about half of each of the upper leaves to reduce transpiration. Rooting hormones are not necessary, but Criley found that weak hormone solutions speed up rooting.

Use a well-drained medium such as 3 parts perlite to 1 part vermiculite or a mix of 1 part potting mix to 2 or 3 parts perlite. Place the containers in a shaded, covered location and water every other day until rooted. Maintaining a high humidity environment results in better rooting than placing the cuttings under intermittent mist. Rooting takes place in 4 to 8 weeks. (Criley 1998; Koob 1998; NTBG 1998)

Propagation by Division
Not applicable.
Propagation by Air Layers
No information located to date.
Propagation by Grafting
No information located to date.
Propagation by Tissue Culture
No information located to date.
Criley, Richard A. 1998. Propagation of indigenous and endemic ornamental Hawaiian plants. Combined Proceedings of the International Plant Propagators' Society 48:669-674.

Criley, Richard A. 1999. Aloha Hawai'i. American Nurseryman 190 (3):50-61.

Koob, Gregory A. 1998. 'Ahinahina. Hawai'i Horticulture 1 (5):3-5.

National Tropical Botanical Garden (NTBG). 1998. Native Hawaiian plant: 'Ahinahina. In Native Hawaiian plant information sheets. Lawai, Kauai: Hawaii Plant Conservation Center. National Tropical Botanical Garden. Unpublished internal papers.

Wagner, Warren L., Darrel R. Herbst, and S. H. Sohmer. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. 2 vols., Bishop Museum Special Publication 83. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press and Bishop Museum Press. p. 263.

Search Database

Browse Database --
By Botanical Name
By Common Name

Other Native Hawaiian Plant Sites

Other Plant Propagation Sites

Database Bibliography

Database Home Page

Other CTAHR Databases

The image in this record is used with permission from Dr. Gerald Carr's Web site "Hawaiian Native Plants" at

Last updated:
6 April 2001

Please send comments and suggestions to