Today many libraries are offering information resources and even reference services via the World Wide Web. Often librarians with little or no technical expertise or experience are called upon to create a Web page for their library. This exercise will familiarize you with the basics of Web page construction.


The Assignment

The assignment is to create a World Wide Web portal to provide information resources relating to a particular user situation.

Numerous studies have shown that information needs are situational. A user finds herself in a situation where one or more information resources are necessary in order to ameliorate that situation. These resources may not be related topically. For example, a student who is required to produce a geography paper will require resources such as the CIA world factbook for information about population, languages, and education levels. She will need the URLs of the governmental Web sites for that geographical entity. She will also need access to one or more encyclopedias, a good online dictionary, and information on how to write a term paper and how to handle citations.

For this assignment you will need to choose a user situation. For a student intending to become a school library media specialist you might choose the situation of an elementary, intermediate, or high school student required to do a class project. For a student intending to work in a public library you might choose the situation of a person serving as caregiver to an elderly parent or an immigrant seeking to become a U.S. citizen. For a student intending to be an academic librarian you might choose the situation of a lower- or upper-division student required to do a paper on a particular topic. Whatever situation you choose, your Web portal should have links to a variety of resources that would help a person in that situation.

This is your chance to be creative. You can create a simple but elegant page or you can go all out and create an elaborate page with lots of images, text, and links to other sites. The more you do the more you will learn.

Since the assignment is meant to familiarize you with HTML do not use Web-authoring software such as Dreamweaver. You can use any word processor capable of producing ascii (text) files if you'd like to work offline and then upload your files. You can use Pico (a text file editor available on UHUNIX) if you'd like to create your page online. The PCs in the LIS area provide Internet connections, as do the computers in CLIC (Sinclair Library) and the POST Building computer labs. Please place your Web page in your UHUNIX personal account. Every student is entitled to such an account, available free of charge. See the technology requirements in the course syllabus for information on obtaining your account.


Minimum Requirements

The minimum requirements for the portal are simple. You must include at least the following:



Phase One: Create the Frame for Your Web Portal

The assignment will be done in two phases. In the first phase you create a frame for your web portal. You create at least three pages with the following:

As soon as you have got your portal frame coded, uploaded, and opened to the public for viewing, send me an e-mail (at with the full URL.

If you get really stuck during the process of creating your portal frame, send me your URL (or your code in an e-mail message) and I will help you troubleshoot your documents.

Phase Two: The Finished Web Portal

In the final phase your web portal should be complete and ready for public viewing.

Please keep in mind that in graduate school meeting only the minimum requirements of an assignment is not considered A-level work. Concentrate on ameliorating the situational information needs of your potential viewer.

As soon as you have your web portal up and running, send me the URL and I will put a link to it on the LIS 670 Web page so other students can visit it and perhaps provide links to your site.


Conforming to University of Hawai`i Policy and Applicable Laws

Your Web page must conform to the University of Hawai'i policy regarding student conduct, privacy, ethics, and sexual harassment in using and managing information technology. This policy, entitled "Use and Management of Information Technology Resources" is available on the Web at

Web pages must also conform to Hawai'i and U.S. laws. If you intend to use graphics, be sure to use only those graphics you create yourself or have explicit permission to use. I've created a few images (shown below) that you can use in your web page if you like.


Additional Resources

You can find links to additional resources for coding your website on the online$

You can also find a variety of beginning html tutorials by going to the Yahoo! Web directory ( Select Computers & Internet. Then select World Wide Web. Then select HTML. Then select Guides and Tutorials.

One of the best ways to learn about Web construction is to see how others have done it. When you see a Web site you feel is well-constructed, note how they organize and present the information at their site. You can see the HTML tags they used by selecting View Source from your browser menu. (Hint: If you view the source code for this document

Creating Personal Home Pages on uhunix

NCSA (at UIUC) Beginner's Guide to HTML

This document gives definitions of basic terms, describes the main elements of a web page, and gives information about basic HTML tags and how to use them. It is a very useful document for beginners.

Flaming Text
This is a site where you can create headers, buttons, and so forth with different special effects such as:


Web Reference Guide

This gives listings of HTML codes, including those used to produce basic characters: A-Z, spaces, accented Latin letters, ligatures, etc. For example, if I want to display an À on my web site I can go to this website to find the particular code I need to get that character to appear. Also included is information about whether or not a particular browser will be able to read and correctly display a particular code.



Here are some images you may use in your page if you like.

Address Image>>

This should be a fun assignment. Remember, your Web portal will be visible to the world (including your future employers). You can send the URL (the Web address) to your friends and brag to your coworkers about your creation.

Be creative!

Evaluation Criteria

Here are some of the criteria that will be used to evaluation the Web portals.





LIS Student Learning Outcomes Addressed by This Assignment

1a) Apply LIS theory and principles to diverse information contexts

1c) Develop and apply critical thinking skills in preparation for professional practice

3a) Demonstrate understanding of the processes by which information is created, evaluated, and disseminated.

3b) Organize, create, archive, and manage collections of information resources following professional standards

3c) Search, retrieve and synthesize information from a variety of systems and sources

4b) Integrate emerging technologies into professional practice

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