|PREVENTION OF HEPATITIS c VIRAL INFECTION IN eGYPT|
The Hepatitis C virus
What kind of virus is this?
What does it do?
A person with this virus means that the person is infected with this virus. The virus primarily infects the liver. Overtime, the virus can cause damage to the liver. Less than 5% of the people who get infected will have severe liver disease, liver failure or liver cancer. Everyone else may completely recover from the virus and no longer have virus in their blood or may have some liver problems but most likely will not die from liver failure or liver cancer.
Virus in the blood
However, the virus while infecting the liver will spill out of the liver and into the blood system and be carried throughout the body. The virus in the blood can infect another person if they come into contact with the blood from the infected person.
Virus outside the body
Virus outside of the body would be in their blood or other body tissues. For example, if a person infected with the virus is bleeding this blood will have virus in it. That is, this blood is contaminated with the virus.
If someone bleeds on you, just wash the blood off. It’s best to wash the blood off with soap and water. If the blood had virus in it, the soap and water will destroy the virus.
The hepatitis C virus is fragile
Soap and water will destroy hepatitis C virus. Remove or wash blood off with soap and water. Hand sanitizers, like Purell, that contains alcohol or just alcohol will destroy the virus. Any disinfectant will destroy HCV.
All doctors and dentists and their assistants should always wash their hands with soap and water before they examine you or treat you. All of the medical instruments including needles and syringes must be sterile.
What does this viurs look like.
The figure below is an
electron micrographic of the Hepatitis C virus. Wikipedia, has has an
excellent section describing the virus, its type, how it replicates inside
the cells of the liver, its genomic make up, and how it was discovered. See
Due to the structure of the vial
genome, the virus is genetically
Due to the structure of the vial genome, the virus is geneticallyvery unstable and mutates rapidly. This means that the virus can quickly become resistant to anit-viral agents making treatment more difficult. In addition, with rapid mutation making an effective vaccine will also be a challange.
Models provided by L. E. Henderson