Islands of the World IX
Sustainable Islands ~ Sustainable Strategies

Plenary Sessions

Monday, 31 July 2006
Malama `aina

Arthur Medeiros, Coordinator, Leeward Haleakala Watershed Restoration Partnership
Introduction to the Natural History of the Hawaiian Islands
Hawai'i is the most isolated land mass in the world and famous for the evolution and endemism of its native biota. This unique environment is now threatened by increasing numbers of invasive species resulting in extinctions of native organisms and habitat destruction. Strategies are explored for sustainable protection and restoration of Hawaiian natural resources.

Ken Kaneshiro, Director, Center for Conservation Research & Training, University of Hawai`i at Manoa
The Hawaiian Islands as a Model System for Evolutionary Theory and Ecosystem Science
While Darwin's theory of Natural Selection (i.e. "survival of the fittest") based on his observations of the plants and animals on the Galapagos Islands has laid the foundation for understanding how evolution works, the research on a group of flies native to the Hawaiian Islands have provided new insights into the role of Sexual Selection in the formation of new species.  The special geological and climatological features of the Hawaiian Islands have played an important role in the explosive speciation in those groups of organisms that traversed the long distance from the nearest land base around the Pacific Basin and arrived in these islands several millions of years ago.  The results of the research on these Hawaiian insects are now being cited in basic biology textbooks and are considered a model system for understanding evolutionary processes in the fauna and flora from other island systems globally but also in continental regions as well.

Tuesday, 1 August 2006

David Cole, President and CEO of Maui Land & Pineapple Company
Island Values - Navigating Crisis to Opportunity
When David Cole took the reigns of a company in turmoil, he turned to traditional island values to identify opportunities in a time of crisis. These values, universal to all island societies, enable us to make good choices for ourselves, our businesses, our natural environment, our communities and our descendents.

Ivo Martinac, School of Travel Industry Management, University of Hawai`i
Assessing the Sustainability of Tourism Development on Islands - Chasing the Triple Bottom Line
While numerous indicators are available to measure the economic, environmental and social performance of tourism, few sustainability assessment methods provide a thoroughly integrated feedback on whether tourism development in a region or destination is, indeed, wholesomely responsible. This presentation discusses the difficulties encountered by different stakeholders in trying to reliably establish whether their projects and developments are evolving along the elusive triple bottom line. How do we accurately measure the impacts of tourism development? How do we integrate various categories of feedback into an accurate understanding of overall performance? How do we establish priorities and balance our bottom lines? How does this specifically reflect on island economies, environments, values and socio-cultural processes?

Bill McDonough (via Teleportec), William McDonough + Partners - Architecture & Community Design
Re-Inventing the World: The Cradle-to-Cradle Alternative
Imagine a world in which all the things we make, use, and consume provide nutrition for nature and industryóa world in which growth is good and human activity generates a delightful, restorative ecological footprint. While this may seem like heresy to many in the world of sustainable development, the destructive qualities of todayís cradle-to-grave industrial system can be seen as the result of a fundamental design problem, not the inevitable outcome of consumption and economic activity. Indeed, good principled design based on the laws of nature can transform the making and consumption of things into a regenerative force.

Wednesday, 2 August 2006

Nainoa Thompson, Polynesian Voyaging Society and Trustee, Kamehameha Schools
Hokule'a -- the first thirty years.  It's challenges past and present

Sol Kaho`ohalahala, Director, Kaho`olawe Island Reserve Commission
Kaho'olawe's Sustainability: Moving forward means looking backward
The opportunity for the island of Kaho'olawe to preserve native Hawaiian cultural practices, to preserve her natural, cultural and historical resources, to subsist and to be sustainable is an awesome challenge in these times. The approach will require us to accept the challenge with the knowledge and support of our Kupuna. We simply need to grasp and acknowledge their demonstrated accomplishments in our island homes; exercise their critical and creative ability to explore and find solutions that exceed all expectations; and to integrate, apply and adapt that inherent capacity for knowledge and understanding that will allow us to be sustainable with our natural, cultural and spiritual environments. I ka wa mamua, i ka wa mahope: Moving forward means looking backward.

Cindy Orlando, Superintendent, Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park
Promoting Responsible Tourism at Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
As Pele creates new land and shares the birth with us visitors are amazed and speechless as they witness the creation of earth. Yet more than the blackened lava, tropical rain forests and endangered species and ecosystem,
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park is a spiritual reservoir for native Hawaiians and they watch our stewardship very carefully. This presentation will discuss ways in which park managers incorporate traditional knowledge to support long-term sustainability and protection of a sacred natural landscape.

Davianna McGregor, Professor of Ethnic Studies, University of Hawai`i-Manoa
Hawai'i: Reality Bytes - Issues of Social Justice for Native Hawaiians
Dr. McGregor's ongoing research endeavors have focussed on documenting the persistence of traditional Hawaiian cultural customs, beliefs, and practices in rural Hawaiian communities including Moloka`i, Puna, Ka`u, Ke`anae-Wailuanui, and Waiahole-Waikane. These are featured in her forthcoming book, "Na Kua'aina: Living Hawaiian Culture."