Discourse Analysis
SLS 678 (section 1)
Spring 2008

Christina Higgins
Second Language Studies
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Schedule of readings


Student papers

Welcome! This course will provide participants with opportunities to develop a critical understanding of the theories and methods of discourse analysis as they apply to language use, learning, teaching, and education in first, second, heritage language, and multilingual environments.  Participants will read theoretical discussions alongside studies of discourse analysis to deepen their understandings of the field.  Participants will also carry out a study of their own that engages in a specific type of discourse analysis of their choice.  Since the types of discourse analysis are rather varied, the course will survey the theoretical underpinnings of discourse analysis in addition to focusing on several areas within discourse studies that have received increasing attention in second language studies. These are interactional sociolinguistics, conversation analysis, critical discourse analysis, and narrative inquiry.

Goals and Objectives

Required Text: Course packet, available at Professional Image, 2633 S. King St., 973-6599 (*note that many articles are posted to the UH portal site if available electronically (E)

Optional Texts (at UH bookstore)
Cameron, Deborah (2001). Working with Spoken Discourse . London: Sage.
Phillips, Louise and Jorgensen, Marianne. (2001). Discourse Analysis as Theory and Method. London: Sage.

Readings and Assignments due

1/16 Introduction to course  
1/23 Defining the Field of Discourse Analysis  
  Wetherell, M. (2001). Themes in discourse research: The case of Diana. In M. Wetherell, S.Taylor, & S. Yates (eds.) Discourse theory and practice: A reader (pp. 14-28). London: Sage.            

Phillips & Jorgenson (2001). Chapter 1: The field of discourse analysis.

1/30 Ethnomethodology  

Heritage, J. (2001 [1984]). Goffman, Garfinkel and conversation analysis. In M. Wetherell, S. Taylor, & S. Yates (eds.) Discourse theory and practice: A reader (pp 47-56). London: Sage.


Goffman (2001 [1981]). Footing. In M. Wetherell, S. Taylor, & S. Yates (eds.) Discourse theory and practice: A reader (pp. 93-110). London: Sage.

  (E)Higgins, C. (2003 ). "Ownership" of English in the Outer Circle: An alternative to the NS-NNS dichotomy. TESOL Quarterly 37, 615-644.  

Interactional Sociolinguistics

  Cameron, D. (2001). Chapter 8: Small differences, big difference: interactional sociolinguistics.              

Gumperz, J. (1982). Contextualization conventions. Chapter 6 in Discourse strategies . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

2/13 Interactional Sociolinguistics  
  Ryoo, H. (2007). Interculturality serving multiple interactional goals in African American and Korean service encounters. Pragmatics 17, 23-48.  
  Axelson, E. (2007). Vocatives: A double-edged strategy in intercultural discourse among graduate students. Pragmatics 17, 95-122.  
2/20 Conversation Analysis  

Cameron, D. (2001) Chapter 7: Sequence and structure: Conversation analysis.

Data: Waka
  Hutchby, I. & Wooffitt, R. (1998). Chapters 3 & 4 in Conversation analysis . Cambridge: Polity. Pupus: Waka

Conversation Analysis

  (E)Wagner, J. (1996). Foreign language acquisition through interaction - a critical review of research on conversational adjustments. Journal of Pragmatics 26, 215-235. Guest Speaker: Younhee Kim

(E)Lee, Y. (2006) Respecifying display questions: Interactional resources for language teaching. TESOL Quarterly 40, 691-713.

Pupus: Emiko

Proposal due 2/29


Categorization and Identity Work: MCA


(E)Schegloff, E. (2007). A tutorial on membership categorization. Journal of Pragmatics 39, 462-482.

Data: Man chiu

Zimmerman, E. (2007). Constructing Korean and Japanese interculturality in talk: Ethnic membership categorization among users of Japanese. Pragmatics 17, 71-94.

Pupus: Yuki
3/12 Post-structuralism and Discourse  
  Phillips & Jorgensen Chapter 2: Laclau and Mouffe's discourse theory. Data: Mayumi
  (E)Wetherell, M. (1998) Positioning and interpretive repertoires: Conversation analysis and post-structuralism in dialogue. Discourse & Society 9, 387-412. Pupus: Elisa

From Critical (Post-colonial) to Post-structuralist DA


Pennycook, A. (1998) Chapter 2: Images of the self: Our marvellous tongue. In English and the discourses of Colonialism . London: Routledge.

Data: Jee Hyun

Pennycook A. (2007). The myth of English as an international language. In S. Makoni & A. Pennycook (eds.) Disinventing and reconstituting languages (pp. 90-115). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.

Pupus: Miyung

Annotated bibliography due March 21

3/26 Spring Break  
4/2 No class -work on projects  

First draft due April 4

4/9 Post-structuralist Identity Work: Positioning in Talk  

Davies B. & Harre, R. ([1990] 2001). Positioning: The discursive production of selves. In M. Wetherell, S. Taylor, & S. Yates (eds.) Discourse theory and practice: A reader (pp 261-271). London: Sage.

Data: Josephine

Miller, E. (2006) Learning English, positioning for power: Adult immigrants in the ESL classroom. In M. Mantero (ed.) Identity and second language learning (pp. 119-142). Charlotte, NC: Information Age.     

Pupus: Hatsumi
4/16 Narratives as Positioning  

Pavlenko, A. (2001). "How am I to become an woman in an American vein?": Transformations of gender performance in second language learning. In A. Pavlenko et al. (eds.) Multilingualism, second language learning, and gender (pp. 133-174). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Data: Nick, Kei
  (E)Sole, R. (2007 ). Language learners' sociocultural positions in the L2: A narrative approach. Language and Intercultural Communication 7, 203-216. Pupus: Yun-seon

Narratives as Interaction


(E)Labov, W. (in press) Oral narratives of personal experience. To appear in The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the Language Sciences.

Data: Atsumi

(E)DeFina, A. (2003). Crossing borders: Time, space, and disorientation in narrative. Narrative Inquiry 13, 367-391.

Pupus: Man chiu

(E)Stokoe, E. & Edwards, D. ( 2006). Story formulations in talk-in-interaction.   Narrative Inquiry 16, 56-65.


Critical Discourse Analysis

  Phillips & Jorgensen (2001). Chapter 3: Critical discourse analysis. Data: Yuki
  (E)van Dijk, T. A. (1992). Discourse and the denial of racism. Discourse & Society 3, 87-118 Pupus: Josephine

Critical Ethnographic Discourse Analysis


(E)Blommaert J. (2001). Context is/as critique. Critique of Anthropology 21, 13-32.

Data: Elisa

Bucholtz, M. (2004) Styles and stereotypes: The linguistic negotiation of identity among Laotian American youth. Pragmatics 14, 127-147.

  Course evaluations

Final project due May 9


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