IAL Newsletter



Vol 29, nr. 1, March 1996
Official publication of the International Association for Lichenology

Bot. Garten & Bot. Museum
Königin-Luise-Strasse 6-8
D-14191 Berlin, Germany
fax: (030) 83006186
tel.: (030) 83006149
e-mail: hsipman@fub46.zedat.fu-berlin.de

M.R.D. Seaward
Department of Environmental Science
University of Bradford
Bradford  BD7 1DP, UK
fax: (274) 384231
tel.: (274) 384212
e-mail: m.r.d.seaward@uk.ac.bradford

issued from:
Bot. Garten & Bot. Museum
Königin-Luise-Strasse 6-8
D-14191 Berlin, Germany

ISSN: 0731 - 2830

The opinions expressed in the Newsletter are not necessarily those held by the 
International Association for Lichenology.

The International Lichenological Newsletter is the official organ of the 
International Association for Lichenology (IAL). It is published three times a year 
in English with selected items in French, German or Spanish. Information and 
news intended for publication should reach the editor at least one month prior 
to scheduled production (February, June and October of each year).
IAL membership is open to anyone who has an active interest in the study and 
use of lichens. The subscription is US $ 20.00 or DM. 30.00 for a four-year 
period. Subscriptions should be sent to the Treasurer or Deputy Treasurer:
H. Thorsten Lumbsch, Fachbereich 9/Botanik, Postfach 103 764, D-45141 
Essen, Germany. Please transfer the equivalent in Deutschmarks (DM 30.00) to 
the following postal giro account: 1344 59-431 at the Post Office Essen (Bank 
code 360 100 43). Cheques will not be accepted, unless they are made payable 
to DM 36, since otherwise the bank fees will overstretch the IAL budget!
North American members can send their subscriptions to:
Clifford W. Smith, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany, 3190 
Maile Way, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA. Cheques should be made payable to 
International Association of Lichenologists.
or (for british members) to: T.H. Moxham, Mayfair House, 21 Ashgrove, 
Peasedown St. John, Bath, Avon, BA2 8EB, U.K. (subscription price £13.00)
IAL affairs are directed by an Executive Council elected during the last General 
Meeting. Council members elected at the IAL 2 symposium (Lund, Sweden, 
1992) are listed below and will serve until 1996.

President: Ingvar Kärnefelt, Department of Botany, University of Lund, Ö. 
Vallgatan 18-20, S-223 61 Lund, Sweden.
Vice-President: Jack A. Elix, Chemistry Department, Australian National 
University, P.O. Box 4, Canberra ACT 2600, Australia.
Secretary: André Aptroot, Centraalbureau voor schimmelcultures, P.O. Box 
273, NL-3740 AG Baarn, The Netherlands.
Treasurer: H. Thorsten Lumbsch, Fachbereich 9/Botanik, Postfach 103 764, 
D-45141 Essen, Germany.
Deputy Treasurer: Clifford W. Smith, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 
Department of Botany, 3190 Maile Way, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA.
Editors: H.J.M. Sipman, Bot. Garten & Bot. Museum, Königin-Luise-Strasse 6-
8, D-14191 Berlin, Germany.
 M.R.D. Seaward, Department of Environmental Science, University of Bradford, 
Bradford  BD7 1DP, UK.
Members-at-Large: Paula DePriest (Washington, USA), Gintaras Kantvilas 
(Hobart, Australia), Bruce McCune (Corvallis, USA), Wendy Nelson (Wellington, 
New Zealand), Pier-Luigi Nimis (Trieste, Italy), Sieglinde Ott (Düsseldorf, 
Germany), Tiina Randlane (Tartu, Estonia), Leopoldo Sancho (Madrid, Spain), 
Gernot Vobis (Bariloche, Argentina), Dirk Wessels (Pietersburg, South Africa), 
Hiroyuki Kashiwadani (Tsukuba, Japan).


Crittenden, Peter (Nottingham, UK) has recently returned from study leave at 
the Australian Antarctic Division (AAD), working both at Casey Station in the 
continental Antarctic and at AAD's HQ at Kingston, Tasmania. He was 
investigating nitrogen and phosphorus input to lichen communities in summer 
snow fall and the capacity for uptake by lichens from snow meltwater. Other 
news from Nottingham: Louise Turbin is near completion of her Ph.D. thesis on 
the growth and physiology of lichen-forming fungi in pure culture; Marko 
Hyvärinen is investigating the effects of acid deposition on the chemical 
composition of Cladonia portentosa in the British Isles (the first paper from this 
work will appear in the New Phytologist in early 1996); Gareth Murtagh has just 
begun work on reproductive strategies in Antarctic lichens.

Daniëls, Fred (Münster, Germany) and Vagn Alstrup spent four weeks of last 
summer in North Greenland (Kronprins Christian Land and Mylius Erichsen 
Land; ca. 80-81  N. Lat.). They studied the lichen flora and the vegetation in 
several botanically unknown localities and made comprehensive lichen and 
moss collections and many vegetation relevés.

De Vries, Bernard (Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada) spent a total of 7 days in 
August 1995 in the Caribou Mountains, an extensive (913 000 H.) elevated 
(920-1030 m) saucer-shaped plateau approximately between 58º 38' and 59º 
40' N and 114º 00' and 116º 55' W west of the 5th meridian, in the company of 
Vern Neal, who helped with the field trips, and Caribou researcher Kim Morton. 
This remote region is part of the northern Alberta uplands, and lichenologically 
poorly known. The dominant vegetation is Picea mariana/Sphagnum/Cladonia 
over peat and discontinued permafrost. An extensive peatland of the patterned 
fen or mire type is located in the northern part. The vascular as well as non-
vascular flora of this area has northern boreal and sub-arctic affinities. The 
main objective was to study woodland caribou habitats in undisturbed areas 
and on regenerated old burns, to establish their influence upon the general 
vegetation, especially the lichen flora, and on the resident woodland caribou. 
The project was realized in 3 steps: 1. fly over to estimate general vegetation 
and lichen cover of potential caribou habitat, 2. mapping of woodland caribou 
habitat, 3. in situ study of the lichen flora and associated vegetation. As part of 
an ongoing study, a compilation of a synopsis of the unique lichen flora of the 
Caribou Mountains is planned. About 140 lichen samples were collected and 10 
critical caribou habitat sites identified. 73 Lichens, 47 mosses, 12 liverworts 
and 15 vascular plants were identified as new to the Caribou Mountains. It is 
hoped that the study will support efforts towards protection of this unique 
boreal-subarctic upland plateau, which is seriously threatened by increasing 
seismic explorations and well drilling, under the international biosphere 
preserve program. It is anticipated that the results of this project will be 
published in the near future. Bernard wishes to address his sincere thanks to 
the council of Little Red River Cree Nation, its advisor Vern Neal, who made this 
all possible, and the curator of the Ledingham Herbarium. who identified the 

Engels, Petra (Cologne, Germany) successfully defended her Ph.D. dissertation 
on "Relationships within the lichen family Ramalinaceae (Lecanorales) in the 
Canary Islands, under special consideration of the isoenzyme patterns" at the 
University of Cologne in June, 1995. Her supervisor was Gerhard Follmann. 
The patterns of six common enzymes (e.g., CAT, EST, SOD) in 130 samples of 
25 of the 29 Ramalinaceae known from the Canary Islands have been analyzed 
by isoelectric focusing and compared with all other biosystematic markers 
available like spore measures or secondary compounds, including substrate 
nature, altitudinal distribution, etc. An evaluation of the results by numerical 
dendrograms shows that the representatives of Fistulariella, Niebla and 
Ramalina s.str. form individual clusters, confirming the disputed independence 
of these genera. Moreover, the observations suggest that the variable Ramalina 
decipiens group represents a separate genus as well. New combinations are 
proposed under Niebla, and the essential  characteristics and interrelations of 
the taxa studied are summarized in several synoptic tables. An overview of the 
most important results of this dissertation will be published in the near future.

Follmann, Gerhard (Cologne, Germany) visited North Australia (mainly 
Northern Territories and Queensland) during the last South Hemispheric 
winter. The main purpose of this field trip was to study the colonization of 
mangroves by Roccellaceae, which are locally not as scarce as could be 
expected from the few notes in the floristic literature. Particularly interesting 
finds have been made on the islands in, and along the coast of, the Gulf of 
Carpentaria (e.g., Sir Edward Pellew Group, new species of Roccella). In 
addition, the lichen flora and vegetation of inselbergs which rise above the 
uniform monsoon forest (e.g., in Arnhem Land) have been explored, especially 
in comparison with current work on lichens of inselbergs in tropical Africa 
performed by Uwe Becker (Botanical Institute, University of Cologne). The 
selected collections brought home have been prepared and are now stored at 

Kalb, Klaus (Neumarkt, Germany) has returned from a 7-week field trip in 
Australia, where he visited Western Australia, Northern Territory (Keep River 
National Park, Gregory NP and Kakadu NP), Queensland, New South Wales and 
ACT. He was splendidly supported by his Australian colleagues Nathan Sammy, 
Rod and Yvonne Rogers, Jack and Joan Elix and Gintaras Kantvilas, for which 
he is very grateful. His research team at Regensburg University is in full 
activity. Over the past year Bernhard Marbach has been preparing a world 
monograph of (sub)tropical corticolous Buellia and has just returned from a 
collecting trip to South America, where he cooperated with Marcelo Marcelli and 
Mariana Fleig (Brazil), Hector Osorio (Uruguay), Nora Scutari, Monica Adler, 
Cecilia Estrabou, Verónica Fernández, Lia Garcia, Gernot Vobis and Maria 
Messuti (Argentina). He is very grateful for their support. In addition he visited 
Peru. Bettina Staiger's completed monograph of Haematomma has been 
published as Bibliotheca Lichenologica 59. She has now begun a revision of the 
family Graphidaceae as her Ph.D. thesis and is investigating all type species of 
over 50 genera. Irene Nätebusch has completed a study of Pertusaria. She 
intends to reintroduce some previously recognized genera, since she has found 
additional characters to support these. Manuela Götz has begun a worldwide 
revision of the genus Punctelia sensu lat., with special emphasis on chemistry, 
discovering new substances for the genus, with the kind help of Jack Elix.

Khodosovtsev, Alexander (Kherson, Ukraine) briefly visited Trieste University 
in February 1996 thanks to the kind and generous help of Prof. Dr. P.-L. Nimis. 
He had a marvellous opportunity to work on some publications to clarify the 
taxonomical position of many Ukrainian lichens in the herbarium and to 
consult recent lichenological literature lacking in the Ukraine. He sincerely 
thanks Prof. P.-L. Nimis for his warm welcome and hospitality, for excellent 
excursions around Venice, and for very interesting meetings with M. Matzer in 
Trieste and G. Rambold in Venice. He also thanks Mauro Tretiach for hospitality 
and interesting discussions on Sonoran desert lichens and for an opportunity to 
take part in the carnival in Trieste.

Kondratyuk, Sergey (Kiev, Ukraine) spent four months in LD thanks to the 
kind help of Dr. I. Kärnefelt, studying Xanthoria and some Teloschistes species 
from the whole world (except North America), and continuing his study of 
lichenicolous fungi associated with Teloschistaceae and Lobariaceae. He is very 
grateful to the many colleagues and curators who helped him with material and 
in many other ways, especially Profs. D. L. Hawksworth, T. Ahti, J. Elix and R. 
Santesson, Drs. D. Galloway, B. J. Coppins, E. Sérusiaux, V. Alstrup, O. 
Vitikainen, H. Sipman, R. Moberg, K. Ammann, P. Clerc and Mrs. B. H. 
Macmillan. The generous help and warm hospitality of Dr. E. I. Kärnefelt and 
Dr. U. Söchting during his stay in Lund and Copenhagen were particularly 
appreciated, as was the great help provided by the staff members of the 
Botanical Museum and the Department of Systematic Botany in Lund and the 
Department of Mycology and the Botanical Museum in Copenhagen. He is 
grateful to the Swedish Institute for financial support and is much obliged to 
Prof. P.-L. Nimis for support of Ukrainian lichenologists in many respects.

Lindblom, Louise (Lund, Sweden) is continuing the revision of the North 
American species of Xanthoria. In August 1995 she made a field trip to coastal 
regions of New England, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. She is very grateful 
to Jim and Pat Hinds for kindly inviting her to their home in Maine.

Lumbsch, Thorsten (Essen, Germany) has received a "Habilitandenstipendium" 
from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) to prepare his habilitation 
on "Systematische Untersuchungen an ausgewählten Gruppen der Lecanorales 
und Pertusariales". His project will concentrate on ascoma development, ascus 
structure and other anatomical characters in the Agyriineae, Pertusariales and 
the centre of the Lecanorales (Candelariaceae, Lecanoraceae, Parmeliaceae). In 
addition, he will continue his studies on the genus Lecanora. In cooperation 
with Jack Elix he is compiling a treatment on Lecanora in Australia for the 
Flora of Australia project and with Roland Guderley he started to work on 
neotropical species for the Flora Neotropica project. Any material for 
examination is always appreciated.

Peine, Jörg (Cologne, Germany) successfully defended his doctoral thesis 
entitled "Biosystematic studies on the representatives of the lichen genus 
Roccella DC (Roccellaceae, Opegraphales) found on the Canary islands, under 
special consideration of protein banding patterns" in June, 1995. For many 
years Jörg acted as collegiate and scientific assistant of Gerhard Follmann 
(Cologne). His dissertation is a detailed and critical analysis of all available 
biosystematical characters, from gross morphology to micromolecular 
chemistry, including chorological and ecological data. Various new chemotypes 
have been identified, and according to modern concepts 14 well defined species 
are accepted, some of which are highly endangered. Contrary to former 
assumptions, true Roccella tinctoria has not been detected on any of the 
islands. The Roccella population of the Canary Islands clearly represents two 
evolutionary lines, a view corroborated by the protein banding patterns. A key 
for the identification of Central Macaronesian Roccella taxa replaces older, 
partly impracticable ones. An overview of the most important results of this 
dissertation will be published in the near future.

Sipman, Harrie (Berlin, Germany) returned from a five-week field trip to Papua 
New Guinea in October-November 1995, together with André Aptroot (The 
Netherlands), Peter Lambley (UK) and Emmanuel Sérusiaux (Belgium). They 
collected additional material for planned lichen treatments for New Guinea. 
After a trip in 1992, where the Highlands near Mount Wilhelm and various 
lowland sites in Madang province were inventoried, an upland area in the Owen 
Stanley Range and lowland areas adjacent to Mount Wilhelm were visited. The 
fieldwork has brought the number of available lichen collections from New 
Guinea up to well over 10.000, including many crusts. Treatments of several 
groups are in progress, and people interested in revising additional groups are 
very welcome to contact us. A field trip to Guyana, originally scheduled for 
September last year, took place in February. It concerned an expedition 
organized by Paula Depriest from the Smithsonian Institution in Washington; 
further participants included Ted Ahti and Robert Lücking.

Tehler, Anders (Stockholm, Sweden) has succeeded Nils Lundquist as the 
professor in cryptogamic botany at Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet. He is now in 
charge of the herbaria of lichens, fungi, algae, mosses and ferns. His new 
address, fax, email and phone are: Anders Tehler, Professor, (Head of 
Department), Sektionen för Kryptogambotanik, Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 
Box 50007, S-104 05 Stockholm, Sweden, Fax  +46-8-666-4221; E-mail: 
anders.tehler@nrm.se; Tel. +46-8-666-4160.

Werner, Birgit C. (Cologne, Germany) finished her MSc thesis entitled 
"Differentiation of the lichen genus Roccella (Roccellaceae, Opegraphales) on the 
Galápagos Islands", conducted under the guidance of Gerhard Follmann. This 
extensive study is based mainly on the large collections made on the Galapagos 
islands by W. A. Weber (COLO), L. Sánchez-Pinto (TFMC), and G. Follmann 
(KOELN), supplemented the author's own gatherings. The most common 
corticolous species, Roccella babingtonii, does not show any noteworthy 
chemical, morphological, or ecological differences on the single islands of the 
archipelago. On the contrary, the saxicolous Roccella portentosa sp. coll. 
experienced marked alterations due to adaptive radiation. By the application of 
various classical and modern methods, nine well defined monophyletic 
schizoendemics have been distinguished, which occupy distinct ecological 
niches on different islands. Hitherto, except for Roccella galapagoensis sp. coll. 
no formal descriptions of these have been prepared, a task which will be carried 
out with the supervisor after a cladistical analysis of the entire genus.

Mikhail Zhurbenko (St.Petersburg, Russia) has finished a list of lichens and 
lichenicolous fungi of the northern Krasnoyarsk Territory (660 and 61 taxa, 
respectively). It is the first compilation of this sort for northern Central Siberia, 
and will be published soon in Mycotaxon). The work has taken great advantage 
from opportunities to work in the Herbaria of the Universities of Helsinki, Graz, 
Copenhagen and Uppsala, and from help of many colleagues. In this connection 
he would like to express his special thanks to Rolf Santesson, Roland Moberg, 
Leif Tibell, Teuvo Ahti, Ulrik Søchting, Eric S. Hansen, Helmut Mayrhofer, Josef 
Hafellner, and particularly the late Josef Poelt. In the meantime he continues 
his studies on lichens and lichenicolous fungi of the Taimyr, as part of a 
Russian-German cooperative project for a multidisciplinary investigation of the 
territory under the leadership of the Alfred Wegener Institute in Germany and 
the Arctic & Antarctic Research Institute in Petersburg. Interested colleagues 
are welcome to take part in studies of this still very fragmentarily known 
territory. His new e-mail address is: kovalenko@glas.apc.org.


Galun Margalith (Tel Aviv, Israel) would be grateful for a culture of Nostoc that 
was isolated from the cephalodia of Peltigera aphthosa. Dept. of Botany, 
Symbiosis Research Laboratory, Tel-Aviv University Tel-Aviv 69978, Israel.


The second and final circular of this symposium, to be held from 1-7 September 
in Salzburg, Austria, has now been sent out.
All members of IAL should have received a copy by now. If you wish to have one, 
please contact: Lichen Symposium IAL 3, Dr. Roman Türk, Institute of Plant 
Physiology, University of Salzburg, Hellbrunnerstrasse 34, A-5020 Salzburg, 
Austria. Tel.: +43 662 8044 5588; fax: +43 662 8044 619. E-mail: 
roman.tuerk@sbg.ac.at. It is also available on INTERNET: 
The program includes lectures over five days, as well as three excursions before 
or after the symposium.

In the Second Circular, page 6, an error has occurred. The conveners of Section 
D, Chemistry, are:
E. Manrique-Reol, Madrid, and T. Lumbsch, Essen.


A General Meeting of the IAL will be held during the IAL Symposium in Salzburg 
in Austria, on Thursday September 6, 1996. All members of the IAL are urged to 
attend this meeting to discuss the following:

1. Apologies for absence
2. Minutes of General Meeting, Vancouver, Canada, August 19 1994 {see IAL 
Newsletter 27, 3: 42-52 (1994)
3. IAL dues {see Newsletter 27, 1: 3 (1994)}
4. Publishing of Newsletter
5. New funding
6. Officers' reports {President, Secretary, Treasurers, Editors}
7. Future IAL activities
8. Any other business
9. IAL awards: Acharius Medal, Mason E Hale Award
10. Election of Officers and Council members
Ingvar Kärnefelt, President


Through an idea by Tom Nash to donate all or part of the fees due from 
Cambridge Press for the publication of Lichen Biology to IAL, a new fund has 
become available, the "IAL Lichen Biology Fund for travel grants". This new 
fund aims especially at students or other IAL members who have difficulties in 
obtaining sufficient travel money from their home countries to attend IAL 
The Fund will now be open for the first time, for applications concerning the IAL 
meeting in Salzburg begin September 1996. As Lichen Biology has only been 
published recently, a limited amount of money is available at present.
Send your applications as letter, fax or e-mail as soon as possible, including a 
brief plan and budget. Applications should be sent to the President, Dr. I. 
Kärnefelt, Botanical Museum, Dept. of Systematic Botany, Östra Vallgatan 20, 
S-223 61 LUND, Sweden, Tel 46 (0)46 222 95 58 fax 46 (0)46 222 42 34 Email: 


The California Lichen Society, with an original roster of 10 members in January 
1994, now has a membership of 107, and continues to grow each month. Our 
members, although mostly from California, represent eleven states and Canada, 
and all levels of expertise in matters lichenological. These facts show an 
increased awareness about lichens at least in our western states.
In the List of Societies of the preceding issue of the Int. Lichenol. Newsletter 
there was a mistake in the address. The correct address is:
Info: Janet Doell, 1200 Brickyard Way #302, Pt. Richmond, CA 94801, USA.
Janet Doell


FLORA NEOTROPICA is intended to be a complete monographic flora of the 
tropical American region. The monographs are written by specialists and 
published for the "Organization for Flora Neotropica" (OFN) by The New York 
Botanical Garden. As of 1995, about 70 monographs have been published and 
more than 150 botanists have offered to submit monographs in the future. A 
complete list of monographs published can be obtained from the Executive 
Director of FLORA NEOTROPICA, E. Forero, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, 
NY 10458-5126, U.S.A.
FLORA NEOTROPICA is one of the few tropical flora projects which includes 
cryptogams. Several treatments of non-lichenized fungi have been published 
and monographs of bryophytes have appeared annually since 1990. The first 
lichen monograph appeared in 1991 and several more are in press. The present 
report summarizes progress in the field of lichens. Specialists interested in 
contributing a monograph dealing with a family or genus of lichens to the series 
are invited to write to the Deputy Director of Cryptogams, S. R. Gradstein, 
Systematisch-Geobotanisches Institut, University of Göttingen, Untere Karspüle 
2, 37073 Göttingen, Germany (new address as of November 1, 1995).
Published monographs may be ordered from the Scientific Publications 
Department, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458-5126, U.S.A., 
telephone 718-817-8721, FAX 718-817-8842.

New monographs offered in 1995:
Genus Lecanora (Lecanoraceae). Number of species unknown.
By T. Lumbsch, Fachbereich 9 (Botanik), Universtät Essen, D-45117 Essen, 
Germany. Deadline 1999.
The usnic-acid containing genera of Parmeliaceae: 12 genera, including 
Everniopsis, Flavoparmelia, Flavopunctelia, Hypotrachyna, Parmeliopsis, 
Parmotrema, Pseudoparmelia, Psiloparmelia, Relicina, Relicinopsis, Rhizoplaca 
and Xanthoparmelia. Estimated number of species: 120.
By T. H. Nash III, Arizona State University, Box 871601, Tempe, AZ 85287-
1601, USA, together with C. Gries (ASU) and J. A. Elix (Canberra, Australia). 
Deadline: 2000.
Family Opegraphaceae pro parte: the genera Bactrospora, Cresponea, 
Lecanactis, Lecanographa and Sagenidiopsis. Estimated number of species: 29 
By J. Egea, Dept. de Biologia Vegetal, Universidad de Murcia, 30071 Murcia, 
Spain. Deadline: 1997.

Monographs in press:
Caliciales by L. Tibell, Uppsala: 51 species in 17 genera (6 families).
Syncesia (Arthoniales), by A. Tehler, Stockholm: 17 species.

Monograph (pre)reviewed:
Cladoniaceae by T. Ahti, Helsinki: 150+ species. A portion of the manuscript 
has been checked for style. The manuscript is in the final stage and should 
soon be ready for submission.

Further progress in 1995:
Foliicolous lichens by R. Lücking, Abteilung Spezielle Botanik, Universität Ulm, 
Germany. The author has received a 2-year post-doc stipendium from the 
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), beginning September 1995, to work 
on this important monograph. The treatment will deal with the following 
Asterothyriaceae (ca. 30 spp.). Deadline: end 1996.
Ectolechiaceae (ca. 30 spp.); co-author: M. Matzer (Graz, Austria). Deadline: end 
Gomphillaceae (ca. 100 spp.); co-author A. Vezda (Brno, Czech Republic). 
Deadline: end 1998.
Pilocarpaceae (ca. 45 spp.); co-author E. Farkas (Vácrátót, Hungary). Deadline: 
end 1998.
Aspidothelium (ca. 7 spp.). Deadline: end 1997.
Chroodiscus (ca. 5 ssp.). Deadline: end 1997.
Mazosia (ca. 15 ssp.); co-authors: K. Kalb (Neumarkt, Germany) and G. Thor 
(Japan). Deadline: end 1996.
Trichothelium (ca. 20 spp.). Deadline: end 1997.

Summary of lichen contributions to Flora Neotropica as of 1995:
Syncesia (17 spp.)	A. Tehler (Stockholm), monograph in press
Asterothyriaceae (ca. 30 sp.)	R. Lücking (Ulm)
Phyllopsora (18 spp.)	L. Brako (St. Louis), FN Monograph 55, 1991
Caliciales (51 spp., 17 genera)	L. Tibell (Uppsala), monograph in press
Cladoniaceae (150+ spp.)	T. Ahti (Helsinki)
Leptogium azureum group (20 spp.)	M. Lindström (Göteborg)
Ectolechiaceae (ca. 30 spp.)	R. Lücking (Ulm) & M. Matzer (Graz)
Gomphillaceae (ca. 100 spp.)	R. Lücking (Ulm) & A. Vezda (Brno)
Lecanora	T. Lumbsch (Essen)
Bactrospora (8 spp.), Cresponea (4 spp.), Lecanographa (8 spp.), 
Sagenidiopsis (1 spp.)	J. Egea (Murcia)
Pannariaceae (ca. 40 spp.)	P.M. Jörgensen (Bergen)
The usnic-acid containing genera of Parmeliaceae 
(12 genera, ca. 120 species)	T. Nash (Tempe) together with C. Gries 
	(Tempe) and J. A. Elix (Canberra)
Peltigera (ca. 20 spp.)	O. Vitikainen (Helsinki)
Physciaceae (= Pyxinaceae)	R. Moberg (Uppsala)
Pilocarpaceae (ca. 45 spp.)	R. Lücking (Ulm) & E. Farkas (Vácrátót)
Ramalinaceae (ca. 80 spp.)	H. Kashiwadani (Tsukuba)
Stereocaulaceae (25 spp.)	H. J. Sipman (Berlin)
Stictaceae s. l. (75 spp.)	D. Galloway (Opoho)
Trypetheliaceae (150 spp.)	R. Harris (New York)
Umbilicariaceae (ca. 15 spp.)	G. Hestmark (Oslo)
Other groups:
Genus Aspidothelium (ca. 7 spp.)	R. Lücking (Ulm)
Genus Chroodiscus (ca. 5 spp.)	R. Lücking (Ulm)
Genus Mazosia (ca. 15 spp.)	R. Lücking (Ulm), K. Kalb (Neumarkt) & G. Thor 
Genus Trichothelium (ca. 20 spp.)	R. Lücking (Ulm)

summary of presentations held in Sevilla, Spain, September 1995

Mediterranean Lichens: an introduction
The high lichen biodiversity of the Mediterranean region deserves special 
attention from lichen taxonomists and ecologists. The retrieval and 
interpretation of ancient floristic data is a difficult task, as this information was 
often published in minor journals, or in exsiccata; furthermore, the voucher 
materials are dispersed in numerous herbaria, many of which are located 
outside the Mediterranean area. The poor management of many European 
cryptogamic herbaria is another source of difficulty, which often makes 
consultation of the material very problematic. The O.P.T.I.M.A. Commission for 
Lichens intends to improve this situation by facilitating access to 
bibliographical information, with the publication of regional check-lists as a 
necessary first step towards the compilation of a general lichen check-list for 
the whole of the Mediterranean region. Some of the problems encountered 
during this activity, and some of the most important results will be presented 
during this symposium.
X. Llimona, Departamento de Biologia Vegetal, Barcelona (Spain)

Previous interpretations of the Tunisian lichen flora in the 1950s were based on 
186 recorded species listed in fragmentary and widely scattered published 
sources. A detailed literature survey, supplemented by herbarium studies, 
including those on collections made by the author in 1973, has shown the 
currently known Tunisian lichen flora to comprise 411 taxa (394 species, 3 
subspecies, 11 varieties and 3 forms). Accepting that Morocco and Algeria are 
larger in area than Tunisia, their lichen diversities of more than 630 and 575 
taxa respectively would suggest that this Tunisian list should be probably 
expanded by 40%. Therefore, much remains to be done in terms of (a) a more 
comprehensive examination of existing Tunisian lichens in numerous herbaria, 
(b) more detailed fieldwork, including extensive ecological investigations, and (c) 
phytogeographic interpretation. In the meantime, case studies of select habitats 
and species will be discussed in the wider context of the Mediterranean lichen 
M. R. D. Seaward, Dept. of Environmental Science, Univ. of Bradford (UK).

A fundamental pre-requisite for the compilation of a Check-List of 
Mediterranean lichens is the publication of updated national check-lists. The 
Check-list for Italy was published in 1993, and will be updated every 5 years. 
By the end of 1995 the following areas will be also covered: Iberian Peninsula 
(Spain and Portugal), Israel, Morocco, Tunisia, Mediterranean Turkey. The 
Check-lists for southern France and Slovenia should be available by 1997. The 
following areas are still uncovered by a modern check-list, and are also 
generally poorly-known from a lichenological point of view: Albania, Algeria, 
Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, Greece, Libya, Lebanon and Malta. On the basis of the 
information available, the relations between surface area, ecological diversity 
and number of taxa for Mediterranean countries is discussed. The future 
activity of the O.P.T.I.M.A. Commission for Lichens should be centered on two 
main points: a) promoting the compilation of checklists for those areas which 
are still not covered; b) promoting joint field work in poorly-known parts of the 
Mediterranean Region. These activities, which will last approximately for the 
next three to four years, should provide a consistent body of knowledge on 
which the compilation of a general Check-List, with the collaboration of several 
regional advisers and specialists, could be based.
P. L. Nimis, Dept. of Biology, The University, Trieste (Italy).

The main aim of this work on the lichen flora of Spain and Portugal, is the 
production of a detailed check-list in the form of a guide to the bibliographical 
sources of published floristic information by the Spanish Lichen Society. The 
database is produced in a FoxPro version, adapted by Dr. N. L. Hladun. Each 
entry (usually a species name) is followed by the citation, in chronological order, 
of the sources (authors, date of publication) including page and number of 
references. Up to now, 1466 sources have been incorporated (170 with data 
from Portugal only, 824 from Spain only). Altogether, 41.576 data are entered, 
each usually corresponding to 1-10 records. Comments on the preparation of 
this bibliographical list are made, such as treating problems, searching for 
sources, assembling a thesaurus of sources, entering of information, and 
search for valid names. A comparison between the check-list information and 
the results of work with herbarium and self-collected material is made in the 
cases of treatments of several lichen genera such as Rinodina, Ochrolechia and 
M. Giralt, Departamento de Biologia Vegetal, Barcelona (Spain)

The delimitation of the Mediterranean part of Turkey is critically discussed. This 
area includes nine provinces directly adjoining the Mediterranean sea, and two 
adjacent provinces. The Lichen Check-list of Mediterranean Turkey is based on 
literature records, on herbarium specimens, and on the results of original field 
work. For several species, the distributional data have been arranged on a grid-
scheme. A brief history of lichenology, and a bibliography concerning the 
lichens of Turkey is presented. Existing information on the lichen flora of this 
area is summarized, and particularly poorly-known areas are suggested for 
further field work.
V. John, Pfalzmuseum für Naturkunde, Bad Dürkheim (Germany)

A preliminary Check-list of the Lichens of Morocco has been compiled, based on 
literature data, and on the results of original investigations in that area. For 
each taxon, the following information is included: basionym, the most relevant 
synonyms, and bibliographical references, given separately for 9 geographical 
subdivisions of Morocco. A brief history of the lichenological exploration of 
Morocco is presented. The results of the Check-list allow identification of the 
main areas for which further field work is particularly urgent.
J. M. Egea, Dep. de Biologia Vegetal, Facultad de Biologia, Murcia (Spain)

The purpose of this list server is to promote communication among 
lichenologists on any topic that may be of interest to participants.
For example, in preparation for the Salzburg IAL meeting, we would like to hear 
from lichenologists regarding the preparation of a world-wide list of endangered 
lichens for IUCN. Though a complete listing is almost impossible to achieve, we 
would like to have a representative list of approximately fifty lichens ready for 
the Salzburg meeting. A questionnaire has been developed which will be 
distributed soon.
The list server will also serve as a means of disseminating information rapidly 
and alerting subscribers to world wide web sites with lichen information.
If you are interested, please send the following message to the 
	SUBSCRIBE LICHENS-L YourFirstName YourLastName
If you have any questions, please contact Cliff Smith at cliff@hawaii.edu.
Cliff Smith

The 1996 summer field meeting of the Dutch Bryological and Lichenological 
Society will be held from 22th till 31th July in Devonshire, England. The 
summer field meetings are popular among Dutch amateur and professional 
bryologists and lichenologists, who often bring their families. Many interesting 
floristic observations are expected, since this summer's meeting site is situated 
in an area with very little air pollution and a pronounced oceanic aspect. The 
DBLS welcomes participation from outside the Society, in particular from the U. 
K. The meeting will be based on a camping site at Bovey Tracey: Coombe Park, 
Coombe Lane, Bovey Tracey, South Devon, TQ13 9PH, U. K. Those who are 
interested in attending should contact for further information: Klaas van Dort, 
Graspieperweide 4, 6708 LR Wageningen, The Netherlands; tel. 0317-413758.

In 1985, the "coach" of the Slovak lichenological team, following the moral of an 
old Slavic fable - "union is strength", hit upon a good idea. I. Pisut - crucial 
personality in the team - found it indispensable to establish an informal, 
organized society (since 1993 as formal unit of Slovak Botanical Society). So the 
idea was born. As a nameless subject is usually considered as not alive, in a 
sense, a second step was taken was taken - to give "a label". The result was the 
Lichenological Working-Group Cladonia.
Since 1985 a ritual border-line passing "Appertio anni lichenologici" in 
February and in October (later "Vindaemia lichenologica") has been dividing 
each year into two parts. Periods filled with field-trips, seminars and other 
"scientific events" are alternating with periods, characterized by systematic 
examination of material collected.
In 1988 the Cladonia founded a tradition of Bryo-Lichenological Days. Since 
then these have been organized in cooperation with Czech colleagues, taking 
place either in Slovakia or the Czech Republic.
The past botanical year was fruitful, with seminars on projects within the 
framework of EECONET, on the state of the lichen flora in north-western 
Slovakia, damage by air pollution, and many others. Searching for interesting 
species (e. g. Cladonia portentosa, Peltigera malacea) and mapping of 
endangered lichens in south-eastern Slovakia was the aim of field trips.
Anna Lackovicova

The Eastern Lichen Network, some 20 lichenologists linked electronically, has 
started a long-term collaborative project to describe the lichen flora of Eastern 
North America - west to the prairie border and north to the Arctic (about 54 
degrees N). The goal of the project is to encourage members to choose a genus, 
write up descriptions and keys to the species found in eastern North America, 
and begin work on a distribution map. Jim Hinds has provided a model by 
launching the project with the genus Parmelia. While it would be unfair to say 
that genera are going like hotcakes, those which are mono-specific in the 
region, or recently monographed have been suggested as starting points. For 
questions, suggestions or if you are interested in joining the Eastern Lichen 
Network, please contact Marian Glenn via e-mail at 
Marian Glenn

The publication of the IAL2 proceedings was marred by problems in the 
technical editing. Being responsible for the scientific editing, it was most 
distressing and frustrating for me to see the publication process thwarted and 
delayed for such an unreasonable time at the technical editing and publication 
stage. It was also less than satisfactory to have the proceedings fragmented into 
five issues of Cryptogamic Botany (not to mention incidents like one issue, Vol. 
4, No. 4, being published with a symposium cover - but containing no 
symposium papers!).
In retrospect, it is little comfort that it may be seen as part of the disintegration 
process of the journal, which has led to it being discontinued after volume 5.
A current problem is that the symposium papers may not be easily available to 
the participants. At an early stage during my time as scientific editor I raised 
the matter of sale of the symposium proceedings at a special price to the 
participants of the symposium (and possibly other private persons) with the 
technical editor and publishing company repeatedly. I suggested special sales 
efforts, a suitable price level and twice supplied address lists of participants at 
the symposium, strongly urging the publisher to offer them a special offer for 
buying the issues. Nothing ever happened, unfortunately.
Now I have received information about the stock situation of the issues which is 
quite worrying. According to a letter from the Fischer Verlag Periodicals 
Department there is of Vol. 4, issues 2 and 3 only 50 copies in stock left, and of 
vol. 5, issues 1, 2 and 3 only 70 copies. Vol. 4 and 5 can be bought for DM 170 
each; single issues can be bought for DM 42.50.

The contents of the issues are as follows:
Vol. 4, No. 2: Section I. Ecology and Ecophysiology.
Vol. 4, No. 3: Section II. Morphology and Development.
Vol. 5, No. 1: Section III. Chemistry and Chemotaxonomy. Section IV. The DNA 
and RNA data in Lichen Studies.
Vol. 5, No. 2: Section V. Systematics and Phylogeny. Section VI. Reproduction 
and Dispersal. Section VII. Biogeography.
Vol. 5, No. 3: Section VIII. Bioindication and Conservation. Section IX. 

For orders the address is: Periodicals Department, Gustav Fischer Verlag, 
Postfach 720143, D-70577 Stuttgart, Germany. Phone: 0711/458030; Fax: 
Leif Tibell

A course "Biology and Systematics of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi" will 
take be held in Lövstabruk, N of Uppsala, May 5-17, 1996.
The course is open to research students and scientists in a post-doc. phase and 
is funded by NorFA, a Nordic agency for promoting higher research education. 
Twenty participants form the Nordic countries will take part and extra funds 
have also been supplied for ten participants from the Baltic Countries and 
Western Russia.
Dr. Leif Tibell (Uppsala) has organized the course, and he and Prof. T. Ahti 
(Helsinki) will be the leaders.
The following specialists will give lectures and lead work-shops during the 
course: Prof. T. Ahti, Helsinki, Finland; Dr. J. Hafellner, Graz, Austria; Dr. T. 
Lumbsch, Essen, Germany; Dr. S. Ott, Düsseldorf, Germany; Dr. K. Palmquist, 
Umeå, Sweden; Dr. J. Rikkinen, Helsinki, Finland; Prof. A. Tehler, Stockholm, 
Sweden; Dr. L. Tibell, Uppsala, Sweden.
Leif Tibell

Fred J. A. DANIELS, Margot SCHULZ and Joerg PEINE (editors). 1995. Flechten 
Follmann, Contributions to Lichenology in Honour of Gerhard Follmann. 580 
pages. Published by the Geobotanical and Phytotaxonomical Study Group, 
Botanical Institute, University of Cologne. Available from: Koeltz Scientific 
Books, Koenigstein, Germany. Price: 170 DM. (Contains a short biography of G. 
Follmann, a complete bibliography of his publications from 1955 to 1994, and 
52 contributions on lichens and lichenicolous fungi, about chemistry, anatomy, 
morphology, physiology, ecology, taxonomy, chorology, sociology and ethnology, 
by more than 100 authors; several new species and two new genera are 
described; in English (mainly), Spanish and German.)

Martha DE VALENCIA and Jaime AGUIRRE. 1995. Líquenes. Morfologia, 
Anatomia, Systemática. 142 Pages. Published by Universidad Nacional de 
Colombia, Bogota. (An introduction to lichens for students, containing chapters 
on ecology, morphology, chemistry, taxonomy, a key to the macrolichen genera 
of Colombia, short descriptions, and in part drawings, of these genera, 
instructions for collecting and classes; in Spanish.)

Richard C. HARRIS. 1995. More Florida Lichens including the 10c tour of the 
pyrenolichens. 192 Pages. Published by the author, The New York Botanical 
Garden, Bronx, NY 10458-5126, U.S.A. (Includes keys to the genera and 
species of lichens occurring in Florida (USA), with particular emphasis on the 
pyrenocarpous lichens, and to all species of Anisomeridium; including many 
new combinations and new definitions for various genera.)

Ludwik LIPNICKI & Hanna WOJCIAK. 1995. Porosty, Klucz - Atlas do 
oznaczania najpospolitszych gatunkow [Lichens, Key - Atlas for the 
identification of the commonest genera]. ISBN 83-02-05668-5. Wydawnictwa 
Szkolne i Pedagogizne, Warszawa. 216 pages. (An illustrated booklet with 
introductory chapters on lichen morphology, anatomy and ecology,  and with 
keys, descriptions and colour pictures for 95 of the commonest lichens in 
lowland Poland, mainly macrolichens; it is intended for beginners and hopes to 
promote the protection of lichens; in Polish.)

Thomas H. NASH III (ed.). 1996. Lichen Biology. 303 Pages. Published by 
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. ISBN 0 521 45974 5 (paperback) 
or 0 521 45368 2 (hardback). Price £16.95 (US$24.95) and £50.00 (US$69.95). 
(An introduction to various biological aspects of lichens, directed at students 
and scientists; contains chapters by various specialists, usually the leading 
experts, on topics such as morphology, morphogenesis, metabolism, 
biochemistry, ecology, biogeography, classification and bioindication.)

Christian PRINTZEN. 1995. Die Flechtengattung Biatora in Europa. Bibliotheca 
Lichenologica Bd. 60. 275 pages. (A treatment of 17 recognized taxa from 
Europe, with key, descriptions, discussions of characters and affinities, revision 
of many types; in German, with English key added.)

Bettina STAIGER & Klaus KALB. 1995. Haematomma-Studien, 1. Die 
Flechtengattung Haematomma. Bibliotheca Lichenologica Bd. 59, p. 1-198, 27 
fig. (A treatment of 35 taxa recognized worldwide, with key, descriptions, 
discussions of characters, heavily depending on chemical properties; including 
10 new species; volume includes part II (pp. 199-222) on lichenicolous fungi on 
Haematomma species, by the authors together with Josef Hafellner; in German, 
with English key added.)

Mats WEDIN. 1995. The Lichen Family Sphaerophoraceae (Caliciales, 
Ascomycotina) in Temperate Areas of the Southern Hemisphere. Symbolae 
Botanicae Upsalienses 31:1, 102 pages. (A treatment of 23 species in the genera 
Bunodophoron, Leifidium and Sphaerophorus, with general chapters on 
morphology, anatomy, ecology, chemistry, keys to the species, detailed 
descriptions with distribution maps and many photographs.)

The lichenological facilities on INTERNET are expanding rapidly, and the survey 
below is certainly incomplete. New are, e.g., Cliff Smith's Lichen World, with a 
list of addresses of lichenologists, and Cliff Wetmore's catalogues of species in 
the Minnesota University lichen herbarium. The items can be reached 
conveniently via the info pages. See also the note on the Eastern Lichen 
Network above.
Additions and comments for this rubric by the suppliers and users would be 
highly appreciated. Contributions preferably to be sent via e-mail to: 

A. Access: Info-pages
Several "info-pages" are now available, which provide connections with one or 
more of the resources listed below, and many other ones which might be of 
Mycology - WWW sites of interest (Munich, Germany): 
Mycology Resources (Cornell University, USA): 
The Lichens, by Tatsuya Okamoto (Kochi University, Japan): 

B. Lichen herbaria
Lichen types in US; label information for holo- and isotypes. Access: gopher 
USA-Washington DC-Smithsonian Institution.
Cryptogams of CBG; label information for some 50.000 specimens.
List of lichen genera in S; an alphabetical list of genus names, without authors. 
Last update:5 Jan. 1994.
Checklist of lichens reported from the three Guianas; a list of lichen names. 
Last update: 1994. Access: gopher USA-Washington DC-Smithsonian 
Catalogue of the lichen herbarium of the University of Minnesota Herbarium; 
lists of names of Minnesota and foreign species, types.

C. Addresses
Mycologists Online; addresses of mycologists, incl. lichenologists. Access: 
gopher USA-Massachusetts-Cambridge-Farlow, or: 
E-mail numbers of lichenologists (and mycologists). Last update: December 
1995. Access: http://www.botanik.biologie.uni-
Addresses of lichenologists. Access via Cliff Smith's Lichen World. Access: 

D. Literature
CATALPA: New York Botanical Garden library catalog. Last update: 
continuously updated. Access: telnet: librisc.nybg.org
The Lichenologist: Tables of contents of the recent issues from 26(4) onward. 

E. Diversae
LIAS-info pages: LIAS is designed as an information and data storage system for 
lichenized and lichenicolous Ascomycetes. A first version is under development 
and will be distributed via CD-ROM. The info pages give information on the taxa 
treated, as well as access to some further online information of lichenological 
interest. Offered by Gerhard Rambold, Germany. Last update: September 1995. 
Access: http://www.zi.biologie.uni-muenchen.de/botsamml/lias/lias.html.
"Lichen": floristical database with distribution maps of epiphytic lichens of 
Switzerland. Offered by Christoph Scheidegger, Switzerland. Last update: 1 
September 1995. Access: 
"Lichen Information System" issued from the University of Salzburg (in 
"PLANTS database": includes names and distribution of lichens in continental 
North America (excl. Mexico) (in preparation).
Checklist of Japanese Lichens, by Tatsuya Okamoto, Kochi University.
Lichen World, by Cliff Smith. Contains a list of addresses of lichenologists and 
the constitution of the IAL.
Second circular of the Third IAL Symposium, Salzburg, 1-7 September 1996:  

Eugenia G. Kopachevskaya (1927-1995)
The Ukrainian lichenologist Eugenia Kopachevskaya died on August 8, 1995 in 
her apartment in Kiev, of an acute heart attack. Born on September 29, 1927 in 
the Donezk region, Ukraine, Eugenia (Zhenya for her friends) graduated from 
the Biological Department of Kiev University in 1952, and during her whole 
scientific career was connected with the Institute of Botany of the Ukrainian 
Academy of Sciences in Kiev. As post-graduate student of the well-known 
Ukrainian lichenologist Prof. A. N. Oxner, she received the Candidate of 
Biological Sciences degree from this institute in 1963. Her dissertation was on 
"The lichens of the forests of the Crimea reserve". Zhenya contributed 
significantly to the expansion of the lichen herbarium in the Institute of Botany, 
founded by Prof. Oxner. She participated in botanical expeditions to various 
parts of the Ukraine with Prof. Oxner and Prof. Mariya F. Makarevich, but her 
major interest was in the lichen flora of the Crimea peninsula and its 
communities. She devoted much of her efforts to the publication of the 
monograph "The lichen flora of the Crimea and its analysis", 1986 (Kiev, 
Naukova dumka Press, 296 pp., in Russian). As co-author of the Handbook of 
the Lichens of the USSR, she contributed extensive sections on the genera 
Lecanora (Placolecanora) and Squamarina (vol. 1, 1971), and the families 
Verrucariaceae and Polyblastiaceae (vol. 4, 1977).
My personal contact with Zhenya and her husband Oleg B. Blum, who is also a 
respected lichenologist, goes back to 1965, when I met them at a conference for 
mycologists and lichenologists. Later I visited the family regularly in Kiev. My 
visits became more frequent after the Chernobyl accident while I studied its 
ecological consequences. I remember Zhenya as a warm, attractive, cheerful 
and courageous woman; a loving and compassionate wife, mother and 
grandmother; and as a delightful and most capable colleague. She liked 
classical music, opera and especially ballet. Zhenya was a very good amateur 
ballerina at the Kiev University theatre. She passed on her enthusiasm for 
music to her daughter Olga, who is a teacher of music.
Zhenya's many friends and colleagues mourn her untimely death and share the 
deep sorrow that is borne by Oleg. She will live on in our hearts and her 
scientific accomplishments will forever influence lichenologists through the 
Lev G. Biazrov

(Abbreviations refer to the organizing societies, see above.)

21-26 July. Primeiro Encontro Brasileiro de Liquenologia (First Brazilian 
Lichenology Meeting), to be held during the XLVII Congreso Nacional de 
Botânica in Nova Friburgo. Info: Marcelo P. Marcelli, Instituto de Botânica, 
Seçïo de Micologia e Liquenologia, Caixa Postal 4005 - CEP 01061-970, Sïo 
Paulo - SP, Brazil.
22-31 July. Summer field meeting of the Dutch BLW in Devon, England. Info. 
see p. XXX.
1-7 September. IAL 3: Progress and Problems in Lichenology in the Nineties. 
Info: Dr. Roman Türk, Institute of Plant Physiology, Hellbrunnerstrasse 34, A-
5020 Salzburg, Austria; fax +43 662 8044-5010. See also p. xxx.

13-18 April. Second International Symbiosis Congress, to be held in Woods 
Hole, MA, USA. Info see ILN 28(1), p. 8.
September." Re-collecting Vainio", IAL field meeting in Caraça, Brazil. Info see 
ILN 28(2), p.26.

23-28 August. IMC6, Jerusalem. Info: Margalith Galun.