Constitution of the International Association for Lichenology
Last Updated: 8 April 1996
1. Name: The name of the Association shall be the International
Association for Lichenology (IAL).
2. Goals: To promote and encourage communication throughout the world
among those interested in the study of lichens. In furtherance of
these aims but not otherwise, to:
a) Organize field meetings, conferences, and exhibitions.
b) Publish news, views, and activities of lichenologists.
c) Encourage and actively support the conservation of lichen flora.
3. Membership: The Association (IAL) shall have two types of membership:
individual and institutional. Individual members are those whose dues
have been paid. They shall receive all Association publications,
shall have voting rights, and shall be eligible for attending
IAL-sponsored meetings and excursions. Institutional members are
those whose subscriptions have been paid. They shall receive all
4. Power to raise Money: To further the goal, the Association (IAL) has
the power to raise money by dues, subscriptions, or other means as
approved by Council. The purpose of raising such money is purely for
scientific purposes and shall not be used for financial profit.
5. Dues and Subscriptions: Upon the advice of Council, the membership
dues and subscriptions rates shall be determined at a General Meeting
of the Association (IAL) by a majority vote of those present. A
schedule of payment for dues and subscriptions shall be established
by Council and published in the Newsletter. The Council has power to
suspend any member who is more than one year in arrears in payment.
Members who have paid are entitled to receive the Associations
publications issued during the calendar year in which payment is made.
6. Officers and Council: The elected officers of the Association (IAL)
shall be a President, a Vice-President, a Secretary, a Treasurer, an
Editor, and two Council Members-at-large. These seven officers will
form the Council. Additional officers may be appointed at the
discretion of Council.
7. Election of Officers: Election of officers shall take
place at meetings of the association (IAL) convened for the purpose,
normally every 4 years, or held at regular IAL Symposia, or ar a regular
International Mycological Congress, or at a regular International
Botanical Congress, unless circumstances require a special meeting.
Nominations for the Council may be made by any individual member and
must be submitted to the Secretary in writing at least two months
before the election with the written consent of the person nominated.
Members of Council are not eligible to serve consecutive terms. If
there is more than one nominee for each Council officer, an election
by majority vote on a closed ballot shall be held to determine the
8. Duties of Council and Officers: The Council shall administer the
affairs and funds of the Association (IAL). The President, or in his
absence the Vice-President, shall preside at all meetings of the
Association and the council. In the absence of both the President and
Vice-President, a presiding officer shall be determined in the
following order: Secretary, Treasurer, Editor or officer specially
designated by Council. When votes on motions are taken during
meetings, the presiding officer shall only cast a vote in the case of
a tie. The Secretary shall keep minutes of all General Meetings and
Council Meetings and shall conduct correspondence as requested by
Council. He or she shall provide the Editor with a summary of the
proceedings of all General Meetings and the results of formal
decisions for publication in the forthcoming issue of the Newsletter.
The Treasurer shall keep an account of all receipts and expenditures
and shall have a statement presented at General Meetings of the
Association. The Editor shall prepare for publication the
International Lichenological Newsletter (ILN). The content and format
of the Newsletter shall be at the editors discretion subject to
review and recommendation of Council.
9. Meetings: " The Association (IAL) shall normally
hold General Meetings at Symposium meetings of the IAL, at
International Botanical Congresses and at International
Mycological Congresses. Additional meetings may be held at the
discretion of Council. The Council shall hold meetings at the
Congresses and as requested by the President. Notice of General Meetings
shall be sent to members at least four weeks before the date of the
meeting. The procedure and order of business at meetings shall be
decided by the presiding officer.
Additional General Meetings of the Association (IAL) shall be
convened on the request of Council or of twenty members. The request
shall be addressed to the Secretary and shall specify the purpose for
which the meeting is called. A convening notice stating this purpose
shall be communicated to every individual member of the Association
at least six weeks prior to the meeting date.
When votes are taken during General Meetings, a quorum of thirty
individual members shall be required. In the case of Council
decisions, approval of at least four Council Members is required.
10. Change of Constitutional Rules: Changes in these Rules may be made
only at General Meetings of the Association (IAL) and must be
approved by not less than two-thirds of the members present at the
meeting. Proposals of changes in the Rules must be detailed in the
convening notice sent to every individual member, at least four
weeks prior to the meeting.
The Association (IAL) exists solely for non-profit and no rule change
shall be allowed which will change the non-profit status.