ICS 491

  1. Review of basic linear and digital electronics
    1. Basic electricity and electronics (Ohms law)
    2. Components
      1. Passive (resistors, capacitors, coils, switches)
      2. Semiconductors (diodes, transistors)
      3. IC (TTL, CMOS, comparator, opamp)
  2. Microcontroller
    1. Hardware
      1. Types (68hc11, PIC series, 8051 series)
    2. Software
      1. Reduced Instruction Set vs Complex Instruction Set
      2. Machine code, assembly and macro assembler
        1. Hexidecimal to ASCII
  3. Sensors
    1. Types (resistive, capacitive, photosensors, piezo, inductive)
      1. Detection of physical and electromagnetic changes
      2. Signal conditioning
        1. Single, single with controlled input, multiple
        2. motion detection
        3. voltage, current loop, pwm, fm
      3. Sensor problems
        1. nonlinear performance
        2. noise (types of noise - gaussian, time domain, frequency domain)
        3. limited resolution (spatial and time domain)
    2. Methods of acquiring sensor data
      1. Review of basic information theory
      2. Modulation types
        1. (PWM)
      3. A to D conversions
        1. types sigma-delta, tracking
        2. issues - acquisition time, samples per second (Nyquist)
      4. D to A conversion
  4. Actuators
    1. Motor types
      1. Brush
      2. Brushless
        1. Stepper
        2. DC brushless
    2. Servomotor
    3. Nitinol - Muscle wire
  5. Projects
    1. Oscillator / pulse modulated resistive sensor
    2. Microcontroller
      1. Blinking light output, PWM output, A to D to RS232 output, A to D to ASCII output
      2. Light output modified by sensor input
      3. Nitinol control modifies by sensor input
      4. On-Off vs proportional control system
        1. (note dead zone)
        2. issues related to control loops (closed vs open)