H 2055 Social Conditions


1. General rule. Use the free-floating subdivision –Social conditions under names of regions, countries, cities, etc.; under names of ethnic groups; and under classes of persons, including occupational groups. Use the subdivision for works discussing the social history or sociology of a place, ethnic group, or class of persons, including such subtopics of sociology as social problems, stability, change, interaction, adjustment, structure, social institutions, etc. For the sociological conditions within institutions, use the subdivision –Sociological aspects under headings for types of institutions. Examples:

651 #0 $a Europe $x Social conditions.

651 #0 $a China $x Social conditions.

651 #0 $a Buffalo (N.Y.) $x Social conditions.

650 #0 $a African Americans $z Rhode Island $x Social conditions.

650 #0 $a Indians of North America $x Social conditions.

650 #0 $a Older people $z Iowa $x Social conditions.

650 #0 $a Carpenters $z Ohio $z Canton $x Social conditions.

2. Sociological topics in relation to specific places. When further subdividing a sociological topic or problem by place, also assign, if appropriate, an additional heading for [place]Social conditions. Example:

Title:   Social mobility in Montgomery County, Maryland.

650 #0 $a Social mobility $z Maryland $z Montgomery County.

651 #0 $a Montgomery County (Md.) $x Social conditions.


3. –Socioeconomic status. The subdivision –Socioeconomic status under headings for special occupational groups is no longer used. Instead, use the free-floating subdivision(s) –Social conditions and/or –Economic conditions, as appropriate.


4. Further form or topical subdivisions.Social conditions may be further subdivided by free-floating form or topical subdivisions appropriate for the work cataloged. Examples:

651 #0 $a Colombia $x Social conditions $x Mathematical models.

650 #0 $a Women $x Social conditions $v Statistics.

Do not further subdivide –Social conditions by –History.


5. Period subdivisions. Further subdivide headings of the type [place]Social conditions by established chronological subdivisions or by the free-floating century subdivisions listed under –Social conditions in H 1140: –16th, [17th, 18th, 19th, 20th, or 21st] century. Assign century subdivisions only when they do not conflict with established subdivisions for specific time periods. Establish new subdivisions for other significant periods under headings of the type [place]–Social conditions where there is sufficient material to warrant it. Examples:

651 #0 $a Europe $x Social conditions $y 1789-1900.

651 #0 $a Great Britain $x Social conditions $y 20th century.

651 #0 $a United States $x Social conditions $y 1960-1980.

651 #0 $a Chicago (Ill.)$x Social conditions $y 19th century.


When appropriate, further subdivide [place]Social conditions[period subdivision] by free-floating form or topical subdivisions that are used after –Social conditions. Examples:

651 #0 $a Europe $x Social conditions $y 20th century $v Periodicals.

651 #0 $a China $x Social conditions $y 1949-1976 $v Statistics.

651 #0 $a India $x Social conditions $y 1947- $x Mathematical models.


When appropriate, further subdivide headings of the type [class of persons]Social conditions and [ethnic group]Social conditions by the free-floating century subdivisions listed after –Social conditions in H 1100 and H 1103: –16th, [17th, 18th, 19th, 20th, or 21st] century.

6. Examples of assignment of headings.

Title:   The social history of the United States.

651 #0 $a United States $x Social conditions.


Title:   Carpenters in California : general social conditions.

650 #0 $a Carpenters $z California $x Social conditions.


Title:   The socioeconomic status of librarians.

650 #0 $a Librarians $x Economic conditions.

650 #0 $a Librarians $x Social conditions.


Title:   Factors contributing to the high divorce rate among District of Columbia police.

650 #0 $a Divorce $z Washington (D.C.)

650 #0 $a Police $z Washington (D.C.) $x Social conditions.

651 #0 $a Washington (D.C.) $x Social conditions.




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