BACKGROUND: This instruction sheet presents guidelines on the assignment of Library of Congress subject headings to juvenile materials. These instructions do not apply to the assignment of headings in the Annotated Card Program (AC headings) by children's literature catalogers. For guidelines on the assignment of classification numbers, see F 615.
1. Topical juvenile materials. Assign LC juvenile subject headings and subdivisions to topical materials for juveniles up through age 15 or 9th grade. Use the form subdivisions –Juvenile literature, –Juvenile films, –Juvenile sound recordings, and –Juvenile software as the final element in all subject headings assigned to topical juvenile materials unless special form headings or subdivisions have been established, for example, Children's encyclopedias and dictionaries; –Dictionaries, Juvenile; –Encyclopedias, Juvenile; –Juvenile humor. With rare exceptions, if a work is assigned any juvenile heading, all headings assigned must reflect the juvenile nature of the work.
Note: The above paragraph does not apply to belles lettres. For provisions applicable to juvenile belles lettres, see sec. 3, below.
2. Textbooks. Assign the heading [topic]–Juvenile literature to textbooks for children up through age 15 or 9th grade. Do not further subdivide –Textbooks by –Juvenile literature and do not assign duplicate headings divided by –Juvenile literature.
Exception: For religious education textbooks, use the subdivision –Textbooks for children. For foreign language textbooks, use either –Textbooks, –Textbooks for English, [French, etc.] speakers, or –Textbooks for foreign speakers, as appropriate. Do not further subdivide by –Juvenile literature. Examples:
650 #0 $a Jewish religious education $v Textbooks for children.
650 #0 $a Christian religious education $v Textbooks for children $x Lutheran.
650 #0 $a English language $v Textbooks for foreign speakers.
3. Juvenile belles lettres. Assign juvenile form headings and subdivisions to belles lettres for children, for example, Children's stories; Nursery rhymes; –Juvenile drama; –Juvenile fiction; –Juvenile poetry. Where juvenile form headings do not exist and are not deemed appropriate to establish, assign adult headings, for example, Ghost stories; Detective and mystery stories. Do not further subdivide these adult form headings by the juvenile form subdivisions –Juvenile drama, –Juvenile fiction, or –Juvenile poetry.
Do not assign juvenile form headings to belles lettres for young adults.
Do not use the subdivision –Juvenile literature under form headings for juvenile belles lettres. The exceptions to this practice that occurred in the past, for example, Limericks–Juvenile literature; Riddles–Juvenile literature, have been removed from the subject authority file and should not be used or reestablished.
Do not treat folklore materials as belles lettres. Do not use juvenile form subdivisions under headings for particular genres, such as Tales; Fairy tales; Folk literature; etc., nor under the subdivision –Folklore.
4. Polyglot books. Establish and assign to both individual works and to collections of juvenile fiction, drama, and poetry presented in three or more languages headings of the type Children's stories, Polyglot; Children's plays, Polyglot; Children's poetry, Polyglot.
5. Juvenile films and sound recordings.
a. General. Assign headings of the type [topic]–Juvenile films or [topic]–Juvenile sound recordings for materials with the intellectual level code a, b, c, or j in field 008/22 (the box labeled Audience on the 008 input screen in the LC ILS). Also assign headings of this type for materials coded f, that is, for special audiences, if there is evidence that the material is juvenile in nature. Use the subdivisions –Juvenile films and –Juvenile sound recordings for either fictional or factual treatment of a topic. For fictional films, use Children's films as an additional heading.
b. Special categories of juvenile films and sound recordings.
(1) Folk tales. When possible, make a subject entry under the name of an individual hero or figure around whom series of tales or legends have been told, for example, Bunyan, Paul (Legendary character)–Juvenile films. Also make an entry for the form, even in the case of individual tales, for example, Tales–United States–Juvenile films; Folklore–Juvenile sound recordings.
(2) Juvenile reading films. Make a subject entry to bring out the topic, if the film is topical, and to bring out the form. Generally use the heading Reading (Primary, [Elementary, etc.])–Juvenile films to bring out the form. Do not use the heading Readers or Primers. Example:
520 ## $a A reading readiness film for primary grades on the subject of rain.
650 #0 $a Rain and rainfall $v Juvenile films.
650 #0 $a Reading readiness $v Juvenile films.
650 #0 $a Reading (Primary) $v Juvenile films.
(3) Audiovisual materials related to books. When a juvenile sound recording or film represents an audio or projected version of a published work already cataloged, or when a book is based on an AV item already cataloged, the subject cataloger is not bound to retain the original headings assigned unless the contents and intellectual levels are the same for both forms of the work.
6. Juvenile software. Assign headings of the type [topic]–Juvenile software for materials with the intellectual level code a, b, or c in field 008/22 (the box labeled Audience on the 008 input screen in the LC ILS). Also assign headings of this type for materials coded f, that is, for special audiences, if there is evidence that the material is juvenile in nature. (For a fuller explanation of intellectual level codes, see D 500.)
7. Bibliographies of juvenile materials on specific topics. Assign headings of the type [topic]- Juvenile literature–Bibliography. For lists of juvenile audiovisual materials, assign headings of the type [topic]–Juvenile films–Catalogs or [topic]–Juvenile sound recordings–Discography.
Subject Cataloging Manual: Subject Headings
Copyright (c)2004 by the Library of Congress except within the USA.