H 1110 Names of Persons

 

GENERAL PRINCIPLE: When assigning a name heading for a person, subdivide the name on a free-floating basis by the appropriate form and topical subdivisions listed below. If a topical subdivision is assigned which represents an important approach to the work, also provide direct subject access to that topic by assigning an additional heading to the work.

 

1. Personal name headings.  Assign an unsubdivided personal name heading for the complete biography of a person, including autobiography, or for general discussion or criticism of the person's life and/or work. Also use unsubdivided personal name headings for works on more than three separate aspects of an individual's life or work, or discussing one or more specific topics not covered by subdivisions on this list. Consult H 1330 for guidelines and instructions on assigning subject headings to biographical works.

 

2. Free-floating subdivisions. As needed, subdivide personal name headings by appropriate form and topical subdivisions from the list below on a free-floating basis. General form and topical subdivisions listed in H 1095 with the statement "Use under subjects" are also available for use under personal name headings. Assign the subdivisions according to the guidelines and scope notes provided. References to instruction sheets that mention or may contain more information about a specific subdivision are included. If a specific subdivision is applicable to the topic of the work being cataloged, use it without regard to the size of the file already accumulated or anticipated about the person in the database.

 

3. Conflicts. Varying or conflicting and additional subdivisions have been established under a few unique and highly significant individuals, for example, Gautama Buddha; Muammad, Prophet, d. 632; Jesus Christ; and Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. In those cases, the established subdivisions take precedence over this list and should continue to be used.

 

4. New subdivisions. Propose as additions to this list only new subdivisions having a wide range of potential application. For specific topics applying only to unique or highly significant persons, establish the subdivision under the name of the pertinent person for inclusion in the subject authority file, for example, Mary, Blessed Virgin, Saint-Annunciation. Do not establish specific topics as subdivisions under the names of persons who are not prominent or well known. Instead assign the closest subdivision from the list as described in sec. 5 below or use the unsubdivided personal name heading with additional headings to bring out the particular topic.

 

5. Subtopics. For works discussing subtopics or aspects of topical subdivisions on the list that are too specific to be separately established, assign the broader subdivision under which the topic is subsumed. Make an additional entry under the specific topic.

 

Examples:

Title:   The professional ethics of Dr. John Smith, surgeon.

600 10 $a Smith, John $x Ethics.

650 #0 $a Surgeons $x Professional ethics.

 

Title:   The murder trial of Wilbur Jackson.

600 10 $a Jackson, Wilbur $x Trials, litigation, etc.

650 #0 $a Trials (Murder) $z Pennsylvania $z Pittsburgh.

 

6. Persons with multifaceted careers.

a. General rule. Treat persons with multifaceted careers according to the emphasis of the work at hand unless a direct conflict exists between subdivisions on this list. For example, if a person such as Luce, Clare Boothe, 1903-1987, is discussed as a diplomat and politician, assign subdivisions from this list that are appropriate for use with that type of person. If another work deals with her as a playwright, assign subdivisions from this list that are specifically designated for use under literary authors.

 

b. Direct conflicts between subdivisions for use under literary authors and subdivisions used under other types of people. In situations where there is a direct conflict between general subdivisions on this list and subdivisions specifically designated for use only under literary authors, assign subdivisions pertinent to the field in which the person is better known. For example, the subdivision -Literary art is used only under names of people who are not primarily known as literary authors. This subdivision would not be used under the name of an author such as Fitzgerald, F. Scott (Francis Scott), 1896-1940.

Once it has been determined that a person is better known in a particular field and a subdivision appropriate for that field has been assigned under that person, continue to use that subdivision for the concept in question. Do not assign a conflicting subdivision even if the work in hand focuses on another field of activity.

 

7. Relation to specific disciplines, fields, or topics. Two subdivisions on this list relate the person to specific disciplines, fields, or topics: -Career in [specific field or discipline] and -Knowledge-[specific topic]. Guidelines for the use of each are given below. Complete these subdivisions on a free-floating basis with either a running phrase or a subdivision for the specific field or topic. In formulating the phrases, express the topic or field in uninverted form as clearly and succinctly as possible, for example, -Career in costume design; -Career in higher education. Further subdivisions following -Knowledge may be in inverted form if the basic heading is inverted, for example, -Knowledge-Philosophy, Indic. Assign an additional heading for the specific field or topic.

 

a. -Career in [specific field or discipline]. Use for works limited to describing events in the person's occupational life or participation in a profession or vocation, for example, Washington, George, 1732-1799-Career in surveying.

 

b. -Knowledge-[specific topic]. The subdivision -Knowledge may be further subdivided by any relevant topic. Use this subdivision for works discussing the person's knowledge of a particular topic, whether explicitly stated by the person or inferred from his or her life and works, for example, Debussy, Claude, 1862-1918-Knowledge-Literature. Also, use for discussions of the person's educational background in a specific topic.

Note: In September 2004, two subdivisions relating individual persons to specific fields or topics were discontinued with no replacements: -Contributions in [specific field or topic] and -Views on [specific topic]. For works discussing the person's actual substantive contributions or accomplishments in a specific field or topic, whether made as a result of a vocation or an avocation, assign the name of the person in combination with a heading for the specific topic, etc. Also assign a heading for the specific topic along with the name of the person for works discussing the person's philosophy or system of thought on a particular topic that he or she propounded or imparted to others. For works discussing the person's opinions or attitudes on a specific topic, whether explicitly stated by the person or inferred from his or her life and works, assign the name of the person and a heading for the topic. Although the subdivision -Views on [specific topic] is no longer authorized as a free-floating subdivision under names of individual persons in general, the subdivision may continue to be used under headings for names of persons where it has been specifically established, for example, under Jesus Christ and Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.

 

8. Assignment of additional headings. Bring out by means of an additional heading the topic of a subdivision representing an important aspect by which the work should be retrieved.

Many subdivisions are not important topics in their own right, for example, some form subdivisions such as -Pictorial works and topical subdivisions such as -Childhood and youth, which express personal aspects of an individual's life. Other subdivisions, however, do represent significant concepts which should be brought out by both a topical subdivision under the person's name and a subject heading for the topic itself. Situations requiring such additional headings are noted in the list.

 

Examples:

 

Title:   Lincoln and Black freedom : a study in presidential leadership.

600 10 $a Lincoln, Abraham, $d 1809-1865 $x Relations with African Americans.

650 #0 $a African Americans $x History $y To 1863.

650 #0 $a African Americans $x History $y 1863-1877.

 

Title:   Voyage to China.

651 #0 $a China $x Description and travel.

600 10 $a Smith, John $x Travel $z China.

 

Note: Assign additional headings to biographical works and related material such as anecdotes, correspondence, diaries, interviews, portraits, etc., according to the instructions in H 1330, H 1480, H 1538, H 1678, etc.

 

 

 

 

$x Abdication, [date] (H 1078)

 

$v Abstracts (H 1205)

 

Acting, see -Dramatic production; -Stage history

 

$v Adaptations

Use under individuals such as literary authors, artists, or composers for collections of adaptations by others of their creative works or for discussions of adaptations. For collections or discussions of an individual's adaptations of themes from others, see -Sources.

 

$x Adversaries

Use for discussions of contemporaries who opposed the person's point of view or work.

 

$x Aesthetics

Use for discussions of the individual's philosophy of art or beauty, whether explicitly stated or inferred from his creative works. For the person's knowledge of the aesthetics of others, see -Knowledge-Aesthetics.

 

$x Alcohol use

Use for works about the person's use or abuse of alcohol.

See also -Drug use

 

Allegory, see -Symbolism

 

$x Allusions

Use for contemporary (person's life span) and early brief references to the person.

See also -Anecdotes; -Quotations

 

Ancestry, see -Family

 

$v Anecdotes

Use for collections of brief narratives of true incidents from the individual's life.

See also -Allusions

 

Anecdotes, facetiae, satire, etc., see -Anecdotes; -Humor

 

$x Anniversaries, etc.

Use for works about the anniversary celebration itself. Do not use for works merely published on the occasion of an anniversary.

 

$x Anonyms and pseudonyms

 

$x Appreciation (May Subd Geog)

Use under persons active in the fine arts, literature, music, and performing arts for works on public response and reception, praise, etc., of the person's artistic or literary works. For works consisting of critical analysis or interpretation of artistic or literary works without biographical details, see -Criticism and interpretation. For works on public opinion about the person, see -Public opinion. For works on the person's impact on other persons, groups, movements, or national literatures, see -Influence. For works on systems of beliefs and rituals connected with divine persons or saints, see -Cult.

 

$x Archaeological collections (H 1427)

Use for works about the person's collections of archaeological items or artifacts.

 

$v Archives (H 1230)

Use for collections or discussions of documentary materials or records relating to the person's public or private activities, including manuscripts, diaries, correspondence, photographs, or other items of historical interest.

See also -Correspondence; -Diaries; -Manuscripts; -Notebooks, sketchbooks, etc.

 

$v Art

Use under persons living before 1400 A.D. for works consisting of reproductions of works of art depicting the person, or works discussing such art. For persons living after 1400, see -Portraits. For pictorial representations of the person's written works, see -Illustrations.

 

$x Art collections (H 1427)

Use for works about the person's own art collection.

 

$x Art patronage

Use for works about the person's support and patronage of the arts.

 

$x Assassination

 

$x Assassination attempt, [date] (H 1078)

 

$x Assassination attempts

 

Associates, see -Friends and associates

 

Attitude towards [specific topic], see -Views on [specific topic]

 

$v Audio adaptations 

Use for discussions or collections of audio adaptations of the person's creative works.

 

$v Audiotape catalogs (H 1361)

 

$x Authorship

Use for discussions on the attribution of authorship of works to the person. For discussions of a non-literary person's literary ability and accomplishments, see -Literary art.

See also -Spurious and doubtful works.

 

$x Authorship $x Collaboration

 

Autobiography, use [name of person]

 

$v Autographs

Use for collections or discussions of the person's autographs or handwriting.

 

Autographs, Spurious, see -Forgeries

 

$x Awards

 

$v Bibliography (H 1322)

Use for lists of publications by or about the person.

 

Biography, use [name of person]

 

$x Birth

Use for works discussing the events of an individual's birth, including birthdays, the date or year of the person's birth, etc.

See also -Birthplace

 

Birthday books, see -Calendars

 

$x Birthplace

 

Bones, see -Relics; -Tomb

 

$x Bonsai collections (H 1427)

Use for works about the person's collection of bonsai.

 

$x Books and reading (H 1333)

Use for works about written material known to have been read by the person, his or her reading habits and interests, books borrowed from friends or libraries, etc.

See also -Library

 

Burial, see -Death and burial

 

$v Calendars

See also -Quotations

 

Canon, see -Authorship; -Chronology; -Criticism, Textual

 

$x Captivity, [dates] (H 1078)

Use for works discussing periods in which the person was held captive in bondage or confinement, especially under house arrest, as a hostage, or in battle. For works discussing periods in which the person was actually imprisoned in a correctional institution or prisoner of war camp, see -Imprisonment.

See also -Exile; -Kidnapping, [date]

 

$x Career in [specific field or discipline]

Use for works limited to describing events in the person's occupational life or participation in a profession or vocation. Assign an additional heading for the field. For works discussing the person's actual substantive contributions or accomplishments in a specific field or topic, whether made as a result of a vocation or an avocation, assign a heading for the field or topic and a heading for the person.

See also -Resignation from office

 

Career in politics, see -Political activity

 

$v Caricatures and cartoons

Use for collections or discussions of caricatures or pictorial humor about the person.

See also -Comic books, strips, etc.

 

Cartoons, satire, etc., see -Caricatures and cartoons; -Humor

 

$v Catalogs (H 1360)

Use under artists and craftspersons for works listing their art works or crafts which are available or located in particular institutions or places. Also use under persons doing business as sellers under their own names.

See also -Audiotape catalogs; -Catalogues raisonnés; -Compact disc catalogs; -Correspondence-Microform catalogs; -Discography; -Library-Microform catalogs; -Thematic catalogs

 

$v Catalogues raisonnés

Use for comprehensive listings of an artist's or craftperson's works in one medium or all media, usually chronologically or systematically arranged, and accompanied by descriptive or critical notes.

 

$x Censorship (May Subd Geog)

 

Centennial celebrations, etc., see -Anniversaries, etc.

 

Character, see -Ethics; -Psychology; -Religion

 

$x Characters

Use for general works about the characters of a literary author.

 

$x Characters $x Children, [Jews, Physicians, etc.]

Use for works about specific groups or categories of characters of a literary author. Assign an additional heading of the type [group or category] in literature.

 

$x Characters $x [name of individual character]

Use for works about specific named characters of a literary author. Use the name of the character in uninverted form, for example, -Characters-Julius Caesar. If the character is a historical person, assign an additional heading of the type [name of person]-In literature, using the name as established in the authority file. If the character is fictitious, assign an additional heading of the type [name] (Fictitious character). Headings for fictitious characters must be established in accordance with H 1610.

 

$x Childhood and youth

 

$v Chronology (H 1367)

Use for works that list by date the events in the life of the person or the person's works, as well as discussions of the chronology of such events or works.

 

$x Cipher

 

$x Claims vs. ...

Use for works about the legal claims filed by the person. Complete the subdivision with the name of the jurisdiction against which the claim was brought.

 

$x Clothing

 

$x Coin collections (H 1427)

Use according for works about the person's coin collections.

 

$x Collectibles (May Subd Geog)

Use for works about items of interest to collectors that are related to the person or portray him or topics associated with him.

See also -Autographs; -Numismatics; -Portraits; -Posters

 

$x Comedies

Use for criticism of comedies by a literary author. Do not use under dramatists who write principally comedies.

 

$v Comic books, strips, etc.

 

Commentaries, see -Criticism and interpretation

 

$v Compact disc catalogs (H 1361)

 

Companions, see -Friends and associates

 

$v Concordances (H 1670)

Use as a form subdivision for indexes to the principal words found in the writings of the person.

 

$x Contemporaries

Use for works about other persons flourishing during the person's life, but not necessarily in close contact with the person

See also -Adversaries; -Friends and associates

 

Contributions in [specific field or topic]

For works discussing the person's actual substantive contributions or accomplishments in a specific field or topic, whether made as a result of a vocation or an avocation, assign the name of the person and an additional heading for the specific topic, etc. Also assign this combination of two headings for works discussing the person's philosophy or system of thought that he or she propounded or imparted to others.

 

$x Coronation

 

$v Correspondence (H 1480)

Use as a form or topical subdivision for the letters from and/or to the person. Assign an additional heading for individual correspondents.

 

$x Correspondence $v Microform catalogs (H 1361)

 

Costume, see -Clothing

 

$x Criticism, Textual

Use for works that aim to establish authoritative texts, for example, comparison of manuscripts and editions. Do not use for the critical explication of text.

 

$x Criticism and interpretation

Use for works consisting of critical analysis or interpretation of the person's literary or artistic works or endeavors without biographical details. Use this subdivision only under persons active in the fine arts, literature, music, and performing arts. For works on public response and reception, praise, etc., of the person's artistic or literary works, see -Appreciation.

 

$x Criticism and interpretation $x History

 

$x Criticism and interpretation $x History $y To 1500

 

$x Criticism and interpretation $x History $y 16th century

 

$x Criticism and interpretation $x History $y 17th century

 

$x Criticism and interpretation $x History $y 18th century

 

$x Criticism and interpretation $x History $y 19th century

 

$x Criticism and interpretation $x History $y 20th century

 

$x Criticism and interpretation $x History $y 21st century

Crowning, see -Coronation

 

$x Cult (May Subd Geog)

Use under divine persons, saints, or persons worshipped for systems of beliefs or rituals associated with the person.

 

Date of birth, see -Birth

 

$x Death and burial

Use for works on the person's death, funeral, or burial, including the person's last illness.

See also -Assassination; -Tomb

 

$x Death mask

 

Devotional literature, see -Prayer-books and devotions

 

$v Diaries (H 1538)

Use for collections or discussions of the person's diaries. Also use for individual diaries.

 

$x Disciples

Use for works discussing persons who received instruction from the individual or accepted his doctrines or teachings and assisted in spreading or implementing them.

 

$v Discography (H 1361)

Use for lists or catalogs of sound recordings by or about the person.

See also -Audiotape catalogs

 

Diseases, see -Health

 

$x Divorce

 

$v Drama (H 1780)

Use as a form subdivision for plays and musical dramatic works, including operas, ballets, musical comedies, etc., about the person. For criticism or discussions of plays, etc., about an individual, assign [name of person]-In literature as a topical heading.

 

$x Dramatic production

Use under literary authors for various aspects of stage presentation, for example, acting, costume, stage setting and scenery. For historical aspects of dramatic production, see -Stage history. For performances of the works of composers, choreographers, and performing artists, see -Performances.

 

$x Dramatic works

Use for criticism of dramatic works by a literary author. Do not use under authors who write principally drama.

See also -Comedies; -Motion picture plays; -Radio and television plays; -Tragedies; -Tragicomedies

 

$x Dramaturgy

Use under composers for discussions of their technique in writing operas and other dramatic works.

 

$x Drug use

Use for works about the person's use or abuse of drugs.

See also -Alcohol use

 

Dwellings, see -Homes and haunts

 

Early life, see -Childhood and youth

 

Editions, see -Bibliography

 

Education, see -Knowledge and learning

 

$x Employees

Use for works discussing persons employed by the individual, including household servants, etc.

 

Enemies, see -Adversaries

 

$x Estate

Use for discussions of the aggregate of property or liabilities of all kinds that a person leaves for disposal at his death, including discussions or cases of contested estates.

See also -Will

 

$x Ethics

Use for discussions of the individual's personal ethics and values.

See also -Religion

 

$x Ethnological collections (H 1427)

Use for works about the person's ethnological collections.

 

$x Ethnomusicological collections (H 1427)

Use for works about the person's ethnomusicological collections.

 

$x Examinations

 

$v Examinations, questions, etc.

 

$x Exile (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Family (H 1631)

Use for discussions of the person's family or relations with family members. Also use for genealogical works. Assign an additional heading for the name of the family.

See also -Marriage

 

$v Fiction (H 1790)

Use as a form subdivision for works of fiction about the person. For criticism or dis-cussions of fiction about a person, assign [name of person]-In literature as a topical heading.

 

$x Fictional works

Use for criticism of fictional works by a literary author. Do not use under authors who write principally fiction.

See also -Prose

 

$v Film and video adaptations

Use for discussions or collections of motion picture or video adaptations of the person's creative works.

 

$x Finance, Personal (H 1624)

Use for discussions of the person's financial affairs.

See also -Estate; -Will

 

Folktales, see -Legends

 

$x First editions

 

$x First editions $v Bibliography

 

$x Forgeries (May Subd Geog)

Use for discussions of forgeries of the person's creative works or signature. In the case of individual forgeries, assign an additional heading for the name of the forger.

 

$x Freemasonry

Use for works discussing the person's membership or participation in the Freemasons.

 

Frequented places, see -Homes and haunts

 

$x Friends and associates

Use for discussions of the person's close and immediate contacts, such as companions, co-workers.

See also -Adversaries; -Contemporaries; -Disciples; -Employees; -Family; -Relations with [specific class of persons or ethnic group]

 

Funeral, see -Death and burial

Genealogy, see -Family

 

Glossaries, see -Language-Glossaries, etc.

 

Grave, see -Tomb

 

$x Hadith

Use under imams for works on the oral tradition concerning the deeds and sayings of the imam.

 

Handwriting, see -Autographs

 

$x Harmony (H 1438)

Use under composers for works discussing their uses of harmony.

 

Haunts, see -Homes and haunts

 

$x Health

Use for works about the person's state of health, including diseases suffered and accounts of specific diseases. For accounts of specific diseases assign an additional heading of the type: [disease]-Patients-[place]-Biography.

See also -Alcohol use; -Drug use; -Mental health

 

$x Herbarium (H 1427)

 

$x Homes and haunts (May Subd Geog)

Use for works discussing the person's homes or dwellings, favorite places, places he or she habitually frequented, or places associated with the person in some way.

See also -Birthplace; -Journeys; -Palaces; -Shrines

 

$v Humor

Use as a form subdivision for humorous works about the person as well as for works about the person's sense of humor or use of humor. For pictorial humor, see -Caricatures and cartoons.

 

Iconography, see -Pictorial works

 

$v Illustrations (H 1659)

Use for collections or discussions of pictorial representations of the person's written works. For works of art depicting the person see -Art; -Portraits

 

Imitations, see -Parodies, imitations, etc.

 

$x Impeachment

 

$x Imprisonment

Use for works discussing periods in which the person was actually imprisoned in a correctional institution or a prisoner of war camp. For works discussing periods in which the person was held captive in bondage or confinement, especially under house arrest, as a hostage, or in battle, see -Captivity, [dates].

See also -Exile

 

$x In bookplates

 

$x In literature (H 362; H 1780; H 1790; H 1800)

Use for discussions of the person as a theme in belles lettres, including musical dramatic works and individual literary genres. The free-floating phrase heading [name of person] in fiction, drama, peotry, etc. was discontinued in August 1993. For works of belles-lettres about the person, or in which he or she appears as a character, assign the appropriate form subdivision, for example, -Drama, -Fiction, -Literary collections, -Poetry.

 

$x In mass media

 

$x In motion pictures

 

$x Inauguration, [date] (H 1078)

 

$x Influence (H 1675)

Use for works discussing the person's impact on other persons, groups, movements, or national literatures. Assign an additional heading for the person, group, movement, or literature influenced. For works on public response and reception, praise, etc., of the artistic or literary works of persons active in the fine arts, literature, music, and performing arts, see -Appreciation.

 

$x Information services (H 1675.5)

 

Interment, see -Death and burial

 

Interpretation, see -Criticism and interpretation

 

$v Interviews (H 1678)

Use for works consisting of transcripts of what was said during the course of interviews or conversations with the person on one or more occasions.

 

Journals, see -Diaries

 

Journeys, see -Travel

 

$v Juvenile drama

 

$v Juvenile fiction

 

$v Juvenile humor

 

$v Juvenile poetry

 

$x Kidnapping, [date] (H 1078)

 

$x Knowledge $x Agriculture, [America, etc.]

Use for works discussing the person's knowledge of a specific topic, whether explicitly stated or inferred from his life and work. Also use for discussions of the person's educational background in a specific topic. Assign an additional heading for the specific topic. For works on the person's opinions or attitudes on a specific topic, whether explicitly stated or inferred, assign the heading for the person and an additional heading for the specific topic. For discussions of the themes in the person's creative works, see -Themes, motives.

 

Knowledge-Religion see -Religion

 

$x Knowledge and learning

Use for works about the person's formal or informal learning or scholarship in general. For knowledge or learning of specific topics, see -Knowledge-[topic].

 

$x Language

Use for works on the person's language in general on the linguistic rather than the artistic level. For works on specific linguistic topics, assign an additional heading for the topic.

See also -Literary art; -Literary style; -Oratory; -Technique; -Versification

 

$x Language $v Glossaries, etc. (H 1540)

 

Last illness, see -Death and burial

 

$x Last years

See also -Death and burial

 

Leadership, Military, see -Military leadership

 

Learning, see -Knowledge and learning

 

$v Legends (H 1627; H 1795)

Use as a form subdivision for stories about the person which have come down from the past and which are popularly taken as historical though not verifiable.

See also -Romances

 

Letters, see -Correspondence

 

$x Library (H 1427)

Use for works discussing the person's own library.

See also -Books and reading

 

$x Library $v Marginal notes

Use for marginal notes in works belonging to the person, whether written by the person or by others.

 

$x Library $v Microform catalogs (H 1361)

 

$x Library resources

Use for works describing the resources or special collections available in libraries for research or study about the person.

 

$x Literary art

Use for discussions of a non-literary person's literary ability and accomplishments, including discussions of literary works by persons normally identified with another field. Do not use under multi-career persons who are also recognized as literary authors. For discussions on the attribution of authorship of specific works to the person, see -Authorship.

See also -Written works

 

$v Literary collections

Use for literary anthologies about the person that involve two or more literary forms. For anthologies in one literary form, see the form, for example, -Drama; -Fiction; -Poetry.

 

$x Literary style

Use under literary authors for discussions of rhetoric, figures of speech, and artistic use of language in general.

See also -Language; -Technique

 

Litigation, see -Trials, litigation, etc.

 

$x Manuscripts

Use for works discussing writings made by hand, typewriter, etc., by or about the person. Do not use for individual works in manuscript form.

See also -Archives; -Autographs; -Correspondence; -Diaries; -Notebooks, sketchbooks, etc.

 

$v Manuscripts $v Facsimiles  (H 1595)

Use as a form subdivision under composers and literary authors for facsimile editions of manuscripts of individual works or collections of works.

 

$x Map collections (H 1427)

Use for works about the person's collections of maps.

Marginalia, see -Library-Marginal notes; -Scholia

 

$x Marriage

See also -Divorce

 

$x Medals

Use for works about medals issued to commemorate the person or his work.

 

$v Meditations

Use as a form subdivision for works containing descriptions of thoughts or reflections on the spiritual significance of the person's life or deeds.

 

$x Mental health (H 1890)  

Use for works discussing the person's state of mental health, including mental illness and accounts of specific mental disorders. For accounts of specific disorders or situations, assign an additional heading of the type: [disease]-Patients-[place]-Biography; Psychotherapy patients-[place]-Biography; etc.

 

$x Military leadership

 

$v Miscellanea (H 1910)

Use for collections of curiosa relating to the person as well as for texts about the person in question and answer format.

 

$x Monuments (May Subd Geog) (H 1334)

Use for works about monuments erected in honor of the person.

See also -Museums; -Shrines; -Statues; -Tomb

 

$x Motion picture plays

Use for discussions of film scripts written by a literary author. Do not use under authors who write principally motion picture plays. For discussions of motion picture adaptations of the person's creative works, see -Film and video adaptations.

 

Motives, themes, see -Themes, motives

 

$x Museums (May Subd Geog) (H 1916)

Use for works on museums devoted to the person.

See also -Archives; -Collectibles; -Death mask; -Relics; -Shrines; -Tomb

 

Music, see -Songs and music

 

$x Musical instrument collections (H 1427)

Use for works about the person's collections of musical instruments.

 

$v Musical settings

Use as a form subdivision for musical scores or sound recordings in which writings or words of the person have been set to music.

 

$x Musical settings $x History and criticism

 

$x Name (H 1919)

Use for discussions of the history, orthography, etymology, etc., of the person's name.

See also -Anonyms and pseudonyms; -Titles

 

$x Natural history collections (H 1427)

Use for works about the person's collections of natural history items or specimens.

 

$v Notebooks, sketchbooks, etc.

Use for collections or discussions of the person's notebooks, sketchbooks, etc. Also use for individual works.

 

$x Numismatic collections (H 1427)

Use for works about the person's numismatics collections.

See also -Coin collections

 

$x Numismatics

Use for works discussing the representation of the person on coins, tokens, medals, paper money, etc.

See also -Medals

 

Old age, see -Last years

 

Opponents, see -Adversaries

 

$x On postage stamps (H 1945)

Use for works about the portrayal of the person on postage stamps.

 

$x Oratory

Use for works discussing the person's public speaking ability.

 

$v Outlines, syllabi, etc.

 

$x Palaces (May Subd Geog)

 

Paraphrases, see -Adaptations

 

$x Pardon

Use for works about the person's legal release from the penalty of an offense.

 

$v Parodies, imitations, etc.

Use as both a form and topical subdivision for imitations, either comic or distorted, of the person's creative works.

 

Patronage of the arts, see -Art patronage

 

$x Performances (May Subd Geog)

Use under performing artists or performers of all types for works about their performances. Also use under composers, choreographers, etc. for works about performances of their compositions or works.

See also  -Dramatic production; -Stage history

 

Personal finance, see -Finance, Personal

 

Personality, see -Psychology

 

$x Philosophy (H 1929)

Use for discussions of the individual's personal philosophy. Do not use under names of philosophers.

See also -Aesthetics; -Ethics; -Religion

 

$x Photograph collections (H 1427)

Use for works about the person's collections of photographs.

 

Pictorial humor, see -Caricatures and cartoons

 

$v Pictorial works (H 1935)

Use for works consisting of pictures or visual images relating to the person.

See also -Art; -Caricatures and cartoons; -Comic books, strips, etc.; -Illustrations; -Monuments; -Portraits

 

Place of birth, see -Birthplace

 

Places frequented, see -Homes and haunts

 

Plots, see -Stories, plots, etc.

 

$x Poetic works

Use for discussions of poetic works by a literary author. Do not use under authors who write principally poetry.

 

$v Poetry (H 1800)

Use as a form subdivision for works of poetry about the person. For criticism or discussions of poetry about a person, assign [name of person]-In literature as a topical heading.

 

$x Political activity

 

$x Political and social views

Use for works discussing the person's political and/or social views in general. For works on specific topics, assign the heading for the topic along with the heading for the person (subdivided by -Political and social views if appropriate).

 

$v Portraits (H 1935)

Use for collections or discussions of portraits of persons living after 1400 A.D. For persons living before 1400, see -Art.

See also -Caricatures and cartoons; -Death mask; -Numismatics; -On postage stamps; -Posters; -Self-portraits; -Statues

 

$x Poster collections (H 1427)

Use for works about the person's collections of posters.

 

$v Posters (H 1945.5)

Use for collections or discussions of posters depicting the person.

 

$v Prayer-books and devotions

Use as a form subdivision, particularly under divine persons or saints, for works of devotions directed to those persons whose help or prayers are requested.

 

$v Prayer-books and devotions $x English, [French, German, etc.]

 

$x Prayer-books and devotions $x History and criticism

 

$x Pre-existence

Use for works discussing the person's existence in a previous state or life.

 

Professional life, see -Career in [specific field or discipline]

 

$x Prophecies

Use for works about prophecies made by the person.

 

$x Prose

Use for discussions of prose works or passages by a literary author. Do not use under authors who write principally prose.

See also -Fictional works

 

Pseudonyms, see -Anonyms and pseudonyms

 

$x Psychology

Use for discussions or interpretations of the person's psychological traits, personality, character, etc.

See also -Mental health

 

$x Public opinion (H 1955)

Use for works about public opinion about the person. For works on public response and reception, praise, etc. of the artistic or literary works of persons active in the fine arts, literature, music, and performing arts, see -Appreciation.

 

Public speaking, see -Oratory

 

$v Quotations (H 1969)

Use for collections or discussions of quotations by or about the person.

See also -Allusions; -Calendars

 

$x Radio and television plays

Use for discussions of scripts written by a literary author expressly for radio or television. Do not use under authors who write principally radio or television plays. For discussions of audio or video adaptations of the person's creative works, see -Audio adaptations; -Film and video adaptations.

 

Reading habits, see -Books and reading

 

$x Relations with [specific class of persons or ethnic group]

Assign an additional heading for the specific group with appropriate subdivision if necessary.

 

Relations with employees, see -Employees

 

Relations with family, see -Family

 

Relations with friends and associates, see -Friends and associates

 

$x Relations with men

Use for works on intimate associations. For works on relations with an individual man, assign an additional heading for the man.

 

$x Relations with women

Use for works on intimate associations. For works on relations with an individual woman, assign an additional heading for the woman.

 

$x Relics (May Subd Geog)

Includes works on disinterred bones.

See also -Death mask

 

$x Religion (H 1997)

Use for discussions of the person's religious beliefs and practices. Also includes the person's knowledge or views on religion in general. Do not use under names of theologians.

See also -Ethics

 

Residences, see -Homes and haunts

 

$x Resignation from office

See also -Abdication, [date]; -Impeachment

 

Rhetoric, see -Literary art; -Literary style; -Oratory

 

$v Romances (H 1795)

Use as a form subdivision under names of historical or legendary figures for medieval tales about the person based chiefly on legends of chivalric love and adventure. Do not use for romances written by the person.

 

Satire, see -Humor

 

Sayings, see -Quotations

 

Scholarship, see -Knowledge and learning

 

$v Scholia

Use for marginal annotations, explanatory comments or remarks, especially those by early grammarians on the text of a classical work.

 

$x Scientific apparatus collections (H 1427)

Use for works about the person's collections of scientific apparatus.

 

Screenplays, see -Motion picture plays

 

$x Seal

Use for works discussing the devices, such as emblems, symbols, or words used by an individual to authenticate his writings or documents.

 

$v Self-portraits

Use for reproductions or discussions of self-portraits by the artist or photographer.

 

Sepulchral monument, see -Tomb

 

$v Sermons (H 2032)

Use as a form subdivision, particularly under divine persons or saints, for single sermons or collections of sermons about the person.

 

Servants, see -Employees

 

$x Settings

Use under literary authors for discussions of the settings of their works.

 

$x Sexual behavior

 

$x Shrines (May Subd Geog)

Use for works discussing structures or places consecrated or devoted to the person and serving as places of religious veneration or pilgrimage.

See also -Museums; -Relics

 

Sketchbooks, see -Notebooks, sketchbooks, etc.

 

$x Slide collections (H 1427)

Use for works about the person's collections of slides.

 

$v Slides

 

Social views, see -Political and social views

 

$x Societies, etc. (H 2060)

Use for works discussing organizations devoted to or specializing in the person's life or work.

 

$v Songs and music (H 2075)

Use as a form subdivision for collections or single works of vocal or instrumental music about the person. For collections or single works in musical dramatic forms, such as operas, ballets, musical comedies, see -Drama.

 

$x Songs and music $x History and criticism (H 2075)

 

$v Songs and music $v Texts (H 2190)

 

$v Sources (H 2080)

Use for collections of materials that served as the person's sources of ideas or inspiration for his endeavors or creative works and for discussions of those source materials. For collections or discussions of adaptations by others of an individual's creative works, see -Adaptations.

 

Spiritual life, see -Religion

 

$x Spiritualistic interpretations

Use for works classed in BF1311.A-Z (Special topics, including names of individual persons)

 

$v Spurious and doubtful works

Use for discussions or collections of works attributed to the person at some previous time. Do not use for a single work.

See also -Authorship

 

$x Stage history (May Subd Geog)

Use under literary authors for historical aspects of dramatic production. For general works on stage presentation, see -Dramatic production. For performances of the works of composers, choreographers, and performing artists, see -Performances.

 

$x Stamp collections (H 1427)

Use for works about the person's stamp collections. For works about the portrayal of the person on postage stamps, see -On postage stamps.

 

$x Statues (May Subd Geog)

Use for works discussing or containing reproductions of statues representing the person.

 

Stories of operas, see -Stories, plots, etc.

 

$v Stories, plots, etc.

Use under composers, choreographers, and literary authors for works summarizing or discussing the stories or plots of their works.

 

Style, Literary, see -Literary art; -Literary style

 

$x Symbolism

Use for discussions of the symbols employed by the person in his creative works.

 

Table-talk, see -Quotations

 

Tales, see -Legends; -Romances

 

$x Teachings

Use for works discussing in general the body of knowledge, precepts, or doctrines the person taught to others.

 

$x Technique

Use under literary authors for discussions of structural and formal elements in drama, fiction, and narrative poetry, such as asides, soliloquies, unities, scene structure, and stream-of-consciousness.

 

Textual criticism, see -Criticism, Textual

 

$v Thematic catalogs (H 1322, H 1438)

Use under composers for listings of the themes of their musical compositions.

 

$x Themes, motives

Use for discussions of the themes and motives in the person's creative works. Assign an additional heading for an individual theme.

 

Theology, see -Religion

$x Titles

Use for terms or phrases applied to the person as titles of address, titles of nobility, etc.

 

$x Tomb

Use for works about the person's grave, interred bones, etc. For works on disinterred bones, see -Relics.

See also -Death and burial

 

$x Tragedies

Use for criticism of tragedies by a literary author. Do not use under dramatists who write principally tragedies.

 

$x Tragicomedies

Use for criticism of tragicomedies by a literary author. Do not use under dramatists who write principally tragicomedies.

 

$v Translations (H 2220)

Use for collections of translations of a literary author. Do not use as a form heading for single translations.

 

$x Translations $x History and criticism

 

$v Translations into French, [German, etc.]

 

$x Translations into French, [German, etc.] $x History and criticism

 

$x Travel (May Subd Geog)

Use for works about voyages and travels undertaken by the person. When the subdivision is further subdivided by place, assign an additional heading of the type [place]-Description and travel.

See also -Exile

 

$v Trials, litigation, etc. (H 2228)

Use for proceedings or discussions of proceedings of civil or criminal actions to which the person is a party.

 

$x Versification

Use for discussions of a literary author's technique of writing verse, including the structural composition of poetry, rhythm, rhyme, alliteration, etc.

 

Video adaptations, see -Film and video adaptations

 

Views on [specific topic]

For works discussing the person's opinions or attitudes on a specific topic, whether explicitly stated or inferred, assign the heading for the person and an additional heading for the specific topic. For works on the person's knowledge of a specific topic, whether explicitly stated or inferred from his or her life and works, see -Knowledge-[specific topic].

 

Views on aesthetics, see -Aesthetics

 

Views on ethics, see -Ethics

 

Views on politics and society, see -Political and social views

 

Views on religion, see -Religion

 

Views on society, see -Political and social views

 

Voyages, see -Travel

 

$v Weblogs

Use for weblogs by or about the person.

 

$x Will

Use for discussions of the person's legal declaration regarding the disposition of his property or estate, including discussions or cases of contested wills.

See also -Estate

 

Writing skill, see -Literary art

 

$x Written works

Use under persons active in the fine arts, music and performing arts for discussions, listings, etc., of their non-literary textual works. Do not use under persons also known as literary authors.

 

Youth, see -Childhood and youth