H 1103 Ethnic Groups

 

 

TYPES OF HEADINGS COVERED: The subdivisions listed below may be used on a free-floating basis, as appropriate, under subject headings for ethnic groups, including preliterate groups, historic peoples no longer in existence, races, and ethnic groups in the United States, for example, Berbers; French-Canadians; Australian aborigines; Hmong (Asian people); Dinka (African people); Turkic peoples; Minoans; Blacks; Cuban Americans; Scandinavian Americans. The category also includes the heading Jews and headings for Jews of various nationalities, for example, Jews, Italian, except for subdivisions noted in the list below and indicated by UF references in the subject authority file. Also included are headings for nationalities such as Danish, Asians, and Ukrainians, when they are used to designate those nationalities outside their native countries. The category includes headings for the indigenous peoples of the Western Hemisphere: Indians; headings for the five major regional groupings of Indians: Indians of Central America; Indians of Mexico; Indians of North America; Indians of South America; and Indians of the West Indies; as well as groups of tribes and individual tribes established as subject headings. Examples: Aleuts; Eskimos; Navajo Indians; Uto-Aztecan Indians; Zapotec Indians. The separate pattern list for groups of Indians, H 1152, was discontinued in February 1994. This list does not cover the general heading Indigenous peoples. For subdivisions used under classes of persons, including age and sex groups, social, economic, and political categories, members of religions, occupational groups, etc., see H 1100. Headings for such classes of persons qualified by ethnic or national adjectival qualifiers, such as African American dentists, French students, or Alien labor, Turkish, are also covered by H 1100 rather than this list.

 

 

NATIONALITIES: Do not subdivide headings for nationalities by subdivisions on this list to designate a topic in conjunction with a nationality in its own country. Instead, express the topic by headings of the type: [topic]-[place] or [place]-[topic], for example, Mental health-United States, not Americans-Mental health; Spain-Antiquities, not Spanish-Antiquities. Subdivisions on this list may be used under headings for nationalities only to express topics in conjunction with those nationalities outside their native countries, for example, Spanish-Florida-Antiquities; Turks-Employment-Germany. For instructions on the construction and use of headings for nationalities, see H 1919.5.

 

 

Note: Most form subdivisions coded $v in this list may also be used as topical subdivisions coded $x when assigned to works about the form (see H 1075, sec. 1.d.).

 

 

$x Abstracting and indexing (May Subd Geog) (H 1205; H 1670)

 

$v Abstracts (H 1205)

 

$x Agriculture (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Alcohol use (May Subd Geog)

 

Amusements, see -Games; -Recreation

 

$v Anecdotes

 

$x Anniversaries, etc.

Use for works discussing or listing dates or commemorations of significant events for the group or group members.

 

$x Anthropometry (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Antiquities (H 1225)

Use this subdivision and its further subdivisions only under groups extant in modern times.

 

$x Antiquities $x Collection and preservation (May Subd Geog)

Use for methods of collection.

 

$x Antiquities $x Collectors and collecting (May Subd Geog)

Use for collectors of antiquities and history of collecting.

 

$v Archives (H 1230)

 

Assaults against, see -Violence against

 

Assimilation, Cultural, see -Cultural assimilation

 

Athletics, see -Sports

 

$x Attitudes (H 1955)

Use for works on attitudes or opinions held by members of the group.

For works on public opinion about the group, see -Public opinion.

 

$v Audiotape catalogs (H 1361)

 

$v Autographs

 

$v Bio-bibliography (H 1328)

 

$v Biography (H 1330)

 

Biography-Anniversaries, etc., see -Anniversaries, etc.

 

$v Biography $v Dictionaries

 

$v Biography $v Dictionaries  $x French, [Italian, etc.]

 

$x Biography $x History and criticism

 

$v Biography $v Pictorial works

 

$x Biography $v Sources

 

$x Boats (May Subd Geog)

 

$v Book reviews (H 2021)

 

$x Books and reading (May Subd Geog) (H 1333)

 

$v Caricatures and cartoons

 

$v Case studies (H 1350)

 

$v Census (H 1366)

 

$v Census, [date] (H 1366)

 

Ceremonies, see -Rites and ceremonies

 

$x Charitable contributions (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Charities

Use for works on charities serving or benefitting the group.

 

Chronology, see -History-Chronology for works listing events and dates in the history of the group. For works on the system of arranging time practiced by a particular group, establish headings of the type Chronology, [...], for example, Chronology, Jewish.

 

$x Civil rights (May Subd Geog)

Civilization, use the unsubdivided heading for the ethnic group, or headings of the type Civilization, Celtic; Civilization, Germanic; Civilization, Slavic; etc., where they have been established.

 

$x Claims

 

$x Clothing (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Collectibles (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Colonization (May Subd Geog)

 

$v Comic books, strips, etc.

 

$x Commerce (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Communication

 

Contributions, Charitable, see -Charitable contributions

 

$v Correspondence (H 1480)

 

Costume, see -Clothing

 

$x Counseling of (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Craniology (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Crimes against (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Cultural assimilation (May Subd Geog)

 

Cultural life, see -Intellectual life

 

Customs, see -Social life and customs

 

$x Death

 

Demography, see -Population

 

-Dental care (May Subd Geog)

 

Devotions, see -Prayer-books and devotions

 

$v Diaries (H 1538)

Do not use under headings for nationalities. Use ... diaries instead, for example, American diaries; Canadian diaries.

 

$v Directories (H 1558)

 

$v Discography (H 1361)

 

$x Diseases (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Domestic animals (May Subd Geog)

 

$v Drama (H 1780)

 

$x Drug use (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Dwellings (May Subd Geog)

Use for works on residential buildings for the group from the standpoint of architecture, construction, ethnology, etc. For works on social or economic aspects of the provision of housing for the group, see -Housing. For works on the actual homes of individual members of the group from an architectural or historical point of view, see -Homes and haunts.

 

$v Early works to 1800 (H 1576)

 

$x Economic conditions (H 1578)

 

$x Economic conditions $y 16th century (H 1578)

 

$x Economic conditions $y 17th century (H 1578)

 

$x Economic conditions $y 18th century (H 1578)

 

$x Economic conditions $y 19th century (H 1578)

 

$x Economic conditions $y 20th century (H 1578)

 

$x Economic conditions $y 21st century (H 1578)

 

$x Education (May Subd Geog) (H 1579)

 

$x Education $x Law and legislation (May Subd Geog) (H 1705)

 

$x Education (Continuing education) (May Subd Geog) (H 1579)

 

$x Education (Early childhood) (May Subd Geog) (H 1579)

 

$x Education (Elementary) (May Subd Geog) (H 1579)

 

$x Education (Graduate) (May Subd Geog) (H 1579)

 

$x Education (Higher) (May Subd Geog) (H 1579)

 

$x Education (Middle school) (May Subd Geog) (H 1579)

 

$x Education (Preschool) (May Subd Geog) (H 1579)

 

$x Education (Primary) (May Subd Geog) (H 1579)

 

$x Education (Secondary) (May Subd Geog) (H 1579)

 

$x Employment (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Employment $z Foreign countries

 

Employment, Supplementary, see -Supplementary employment

 

$x Ethnic identity

Do not use under Jews. Use Jews-Identity instead.

 

$x Ethnobiology (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Ethnobotany (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Ethnozoology (May Subd Geog)

 

Family relationships, see -Kinship

 

Fellowships, see -Scholarships, fellowships, etc.

 

$v Fiction (H 1790)

 

$x Finance (H 1624)

Use for works on the financial affairs of the group as a whole.

 

$x Finance $x Law and legislation (May Subd Geog) (H 1705)

 

$x Finance, Personal (H 1624)

 

$x Fire use (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Fishing (May Subd Geog)

 

$v Folklore (H 1627)

 

$x Food (May Subd Geog)

 

$z Foreign countries (H 1919.5)

 

$x Foreign influences (H 1675)

Use for works discussing the foreign influences on the group in general. Establish headings for specific influences as needed in the form: [ethnic group]-[...] influences.

 

$x Funeral customs and rites (May Subd Geog)

Do not use under Jews. Use Funeral rites and ceremonies, Jewish instead.

 

$x Gambling (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Games  (May Subd Geog)

 

$v Genealogy (H 1631)

 

Government, see -Politics and government

 

$x Government policy (May Subd Geog) (H 1642)

 

$x Government relations (H 1942)

Use for relations between the group as a whole and the government of the place in which they reside.

 

Haunts, see -Homes and haunts

 

$x Health and hygiene (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Historiography

 

$x History (H 1647)

 

$x History $y 16th century (H 1647)

 

$x History $y 17th century (H 1647)

 

$x History $y 18th century (H 1647)

 

$x History $y 19th century (H 1647)

 

$x History $y 20th century (H 1647)

 

$x History $y 21st century (H 1647)

 

History-Anniversaries, etc., see -Anniversaries, etc.

 

$x History $v Chronology (H 1367)

 

$x History $v Sources (H 2080)

 

$x Home care (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Homes and haunts (May Subd Geog)

Use for works on the actual homes of individual members of the group from an architectural or historical point of view. Also use for works on the favorite places of group members or places they habitually frequent or with which they are associated. For works on residential buildings for the group from the standoint of architecture, construction, ethnology, etc., see -Dwellings. For works on social or economic aspects of the provision of housing for the group, see -Housing.

 

$x Hospice care (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Hospital care (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Hospitals (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Housing (May Subd Geog)

Use for works on social or economic aspects of the provision of housing for the group. For works on residential buildings for the group from the standpoint of architecture, construction, ethnology, etc., see -Dwellings. For works on the actual homes of individual members of the group from an architectural or historical point of view, see -Homes and haunts.

 

$v Humor

 

$x Hunting (May Subd Geog)

 

Hygiene, see -Health and hygiene

 

Iconography, see -Pictorial works

 

Identity, Ethnic, see -Ethnic identity

 

Identity, Race, see -Race identity

 

$x Implements (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Industries (May Subd Geog)

Use only under headings for preliterate groups.

 

Influences, Foreign, see -Foreign influences

 

$x Information services (H 1675.5)

 

Injuries, see -Wounds and injuries

 

$x Institutional care (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Intellectual life

 

$x Intellectual life $y 16th century

 

$x Intellectual life $y 17th century

 

$x Intellectual life $y 18th century

 

$x Intellectual life $y 19th century

 

$x Intellectual life $y 20th century

 

$x Intellectual life $y 21st century

 

$x Intelligence levels (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Intelligence testing (May Subd Geog) (H 2186)

 

$v Interviews (H 1678)

 

$x Jewelry (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Job stress (May Subd Geog)

 

$v Juvenile drama (H 1690)

 

$v Juvenile fiction (H 1690)

 

$v Juvenile humor (H 1690)

 

$v Juvenile poetry (H 1690)

 

$x Kings and rulers (H 1574)

 

$x Kings and rulers $x Children

 

$x Kings and rulers $x Death and burial

 

$x Kings and rulers $x Education (H 1579)

 

$x Kings and rulers $v Folklore (H 1627)

 

$x Kings and rulers $v Genealogy (H 1631)

 

$x Kings and rulers $x Mythology (H 1998)

 

$x Kings and rulers $x Religious aspects (H 1998)

 

$x Kings and rulers $x Succession

 

$x Kinship (May Subd Geog)

Use for works on the group's system of rules governing descent, succession, marriage, etc., and determining the relationships of individuals.

 

$x Land tenure (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Languages

Use for works discussing collectively the languages spoken by the group. Do not use to designate a linguistic family for which a separate heading is established, for example, Papuan languages; Slavic languages.

See H 1154 for further subdivisions used under languages.

 

$x Languages $v Texts (H 2109)

 

Law and legislation, see -Legal status, laws, etc.

 

$x Legal status, laws, etc. (May Subd Geog) (H 1705)

 

$x Library resources

 

$x Life skills assessment (May Subd Geog)

 

$v Life skills guides

 

$v Literary collections

 

$v Longitudinal studies (H 1848)

 

$x Manuscripts (H 1855)

 

$v Maps (H 1865)

 

$x Marriage customs and rites (May Subd Geog)

Do not use under Jews. Use Marriage customs and rites, Jewish instead.

 

$x Material culture (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Mathematics

 

$x Medals (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Medical care (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Medical examinations (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Medicine (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Mental health (May Subd Geog) (H 1890)

 

$x Mental health services (May Subd Geog) (H 1890)

 

$x Migrations

 

$v Miscellanea (H 1910)

 

$x Missions (May Subd Geog)

Use for works discussing missions to the group. For missions and missionary activities of the group or nationality, use headings of the type Missions, [...], for example, Missions, Belgian; Missions, Tamil. Do not use -Missions under Jews; use Missions to Jews instead. For the missionary activities of Judaism, use Proselytizing-Judaism.

 

$x Money (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Monuments (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Mortality

 

Mortuary customs, see -Funeral customs and rites

 

$x Museums (May Subd Geog) (H 1916)

Do not use under Jews. Use Jewish museums instead.

 

$v Music (H 1917)

Use for music of the group. For music about the group, see -Songs and music.

 

$x Music $v Bibliography

 

$x Music $v Discography

 

$x Music $x History and criticism

 

$x Name (H 1919)

 

$v Newspapers (H 1920)

Use under ethnic groups in the United States for individual American ethnic newspapers. For works about ethnic newspapers, use headings of the type [...] newspapers, for example, German-American newspapers.

 

$x Nutrition

 

$v Obituaries

 

$x Origin

 

$v Outlines, syllabi, etc.

 

Outside employment, see -Supplementary employment

 

$x Pastoral counseling of (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Pensions (May Subd Geog)

 

Personal finance, see -Finance, Personal

 

$x Physiology

 

$v Pictorial works (H 1935)

 

Places frequented, see -Homes and haunts

 

$v Poetry (H 1800)

 

Political activity, see -Politics and government

 

$x Politics and government (H 1942)

Use for the internal or self-government of the group and/or the political activity of the group or its individual members.

 

$x Politics and government $y 16th century (H 1942)

 

$x Politics and government $y 17th century (H 1942)

 

$x Politics and government $y 18th century (H 1942)

 

$x Politics and government $y 19th century (H 1942)

 

$x Politics and government $y 20th century (H 1942)

 

$x Politics and government $y 21st century (H 1942)

 

$x Population

 

$v Portraits (H 1935)

 

$v Posters (H 1945.5)

 

$v Prayer-books and devotions

 

$v Prayer-books and devotions $x English, [French, German, etc.]

 

$x Prayer-books and devotions $x History and criticism

 

$x Press coverage (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Promotions (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Prophecies

 

$x Psychological testing (May Subd Geog) (H 2186)

 

$x Psychology

 

$x Public opinion (H 1955)

Use for works on public opinion about the group. For works on the attitudes or opinions held by members of the group, see -Attitudes.

 

$x Public welfare (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Queens

 

$v Quotations (H 1969)

Use for collections or discussions of quotations by or about the group.

 

Quotations, maxims, etc., see -Quotations

 

$x Race identity (May Subd Geog)

Do not use under Jews. Use Jews-Identity instead.

 

Reading habits or interests, see -Books and reading

 

$x Recreation (May Subd Geog)

 

$v Registers (H 1558)

 

$x Rehabilitation (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Religion (H 1997)

 

$x Relocation (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Research (May Subd Geog) (H 2020)

 

$x Respite care (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Retirement (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Rites and ceremonies

Do not use under Jews. Use Judaism-Customs and practices instead.

 

Rulers, see -Kings and rulers

 

$x Scholarships, fellowships, etc. (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Science (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Services for (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Sexual behavior

 

$x Social conditions (H 2055)

 

$x Social conditions $y 16th century (H 2055)

 

$x Social conditions $y 17th century (H 2055)

 

$x Social conditions $y 18th century (H 2055)

 

$x Social conditions $y 19th century (H 2055)

 

$x Social conditions $y 20th century (H 2055)

 

$x Social conditions $y 21st century (H 2055)

 

$x Social life and customs (H 2057)

 

$x Social life and customs $y 16th century (H 2057)

 

$x Social life and customs $y 17th century (H 2057)

 

$x Social life and customs $y 18th century (H 2057)

 

$x Social life and customs $y 19th century (H 2057)

 

$x Social life and customs $y 20th century (H 2057)

 

$x Social life and customs $y 21st century (H 2057)

 

$x Social networks (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Socialization (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Societies, etc. (H 2060)

 

Socioeconomic status, see -Economic conditions; -Social conditions

 

$v Songs and music (H 2075)

Use for music about the group. For music of the group, see -Music.

 

$x Songs and music $x History and criticism (H 2075)

 

$v Songs and music $v Texts (H 2190)

 

$x Sports (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Statistical services (H 2095)

 

$v Statistics (H 2095)

 

$v Statistics, Vital (H 2095)

 

$x Study and teaching (May Subd Geog) (H 2110)

Use only for works on study and teaching about the group as a topic.

The free-floating subdivision -Study and teaching, qualified by level of study, for example, -Study and teaching (Elementary); -Study and teaching (Secondary), may also be used under ethnic groups (cf. H 1095).

 

$x Substance use (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Suffrage (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Suicidal behavior (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Supplementary employment (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Surgery (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Taxation (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Taxation $x Law and legislation  (May Subd Geog)

 

$v Telephone directories (H 1558)

 

$x Time management (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Tobacco use (May Subd Geog)

 

Tools, see -Implements

 

$x Transportation (May Subd Geog) (H 2225)

 

$x Trapping (May Subd Geog)

 

$x Travel (May Subd Geog)

 

$v Treaties (H 2227)

 

$x Violence against (May Subd Geog)

 

Vital statistics, see -Statistics, Vital

 

$x Warfare (May Subd Geog)

Use for works on the group's methods and technology of waging war.

 

$x Wars (May Subd Geog)

Use for works discussing collectively the wars in which the group has participated.

 

$v Weblogs

 

Working conditions, see -Employment

 

$x Wounds and injuries (May Subd Geog)