History 284W: Hawaiian History

Study Guide: Unit One

Topics: Understanding Source, Bias & Perspecitve -- A Multiethnic State -- World War II -- Origins of Hawaiians -- Environmental Impact-- Traditional Hawaiian Metaphors -- Pre-Contact Hawaiian Society

After completing the assigned reading, listing to the lectures, and participating in class activities, you should be able to:


  1. how the Big Five cooperated with each other to maintain control and how they treated immigrant labor.
  2. the reasons why Hawaii campaigned for statehood and why it took so long.
  3. the effects that World War II had on Hawaii (incl. Pearl Harbor, Martial Law, AJA's).
  4. the origins of Hawaiians according to the Papa & Wakea myth.
  5. the early theories about Hawaiian origins & their weaknesses.
  6. the settlement pattern of Oceania & Polynesia based on modern research (i.e. archaeology, linguistics, genetics, and ethnobotany).
  7. the concept of indigenous peoples living in harmony with nature.
  8. what prehistoric Hawaiians did to modify and alter their island environment.
  9. the purpose & importance of Hawaiian genealogies.
  10. the Wakea and Papa myth & its historical metaphors.
  11. the male/female division of labor.
  12. the relationship between Hawaiian chiefs and commoners.
  13. the patterns of land use and settlement.

know the importance of: define:
Samuel Kamakau metaphor
Ralph Kuykendall model
Gavan Daws facts
Lilikala Kame'eleihiwa interpretation
Big Five Oligarchy oligarchy
Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association incorporated territory
Masters' and Servants' Act of 1850 paternalism
Jones-Costigan Act ILWU
1940 plebiscite non-contiguity
Hawaii Statehood Commission nisei
Statehood Honor Roll dual citizenship
Hugh Butler martial law
Drew Smith AJA's
Harry Bridges & Jack Hall Pacific continent of Mu
dual citizenship "migration mentality"
Joseph Poindexter Austronesian
Walter Short Lapita pottery
442nd Infantry Regiment Lapita Cultural Complex
Papa & Wakea "founder effect"
Ho‘ohokukalani Ali‘i Nui
Horatio Hale mana
Thor Heyerdahl "Hawaiian Time"
sweet potato pono
Western Lapita culture mokupuni
Eastern Lapita culture ahupua‘a
taro, yams, breadfruit, bananas, sugarcane konohiki
pigs, dogs, chickens kinolau
"founder effect" kapu
population growth (1250-1650 A.D.) heiau
"cultural transformation of landscape" po'olua
Malama ‘Aina punalua
‘Aikapu ‘aikapu
‘Imihaku Kalai‘aina
Ni‘aupi‘o kauwa
Makahiki festival ‘ili
‘Aha ritual lele
Lono ‘auwai
Ku lo‘i
sexual division of labor kula
family relationships loko
status of women maka‘ainana
tribute & redistribution mo‘olelo
subsistence economy ho‘okupu
land tenure system Hanaipu
wetland vs. dryland agriculture Mo‘i