HAWAIIAN HISTORY (AA/DH or AS/AH, WI & HAP)Instructor:  Colette Higgins
HISTORY 284 -- Spring 2015Office: Kalia 101A
 Telephone:  734-9282
Sec. 33100 (TR 7:45-9:00 a.m.) Kalia 203 e-mail:  chiggins@hawaii.edu
 Office Hours:
 TR (9:15-9:45 a.m.)
Instructor's web site:  http://www2.hawaii.edu/~chiggins/and by appointment



PREREQUISITE:  Completion of ENG 100, 160, or ESL 100 with a grade of "C" or higher.


RECOMMENDED PREPARATION:  Completion of HIST 152, HAW 101, HWST 100, or HWST 107.



This course surveys the origins and evolution of the ancient Hawaiian society and culture, the changes during the monarchial period, and the transformation of Hawai`i as an American territory and state.  As a Writing Intensive (WI) course, you will be expected to write a minimum of 4,000 words (about 16 pages) of formal writing.  In addition, this course fulfills both KCC's and UHM's HAP requirement in that it provides a native voice to Hawaiian history and includes topics about the Pacific or Asia in 10 of the 15 weeks.  For those students who want to incorporate community service into their course work, this course also has a Service Learning option.



(KCC Catalog 2014-2015, College Programs, pg. 161)                 

Evaluate one's own ethics and traditions in relation to those of other peoples and embrace the diversity of human experience while actively engaging in local, regional, and other global communities.



Upon successful completion of this course, you should be able to:

1.     Trace the origins and migrations of ancient Polynesians, culminating in their discovery and settlement of Hawai`i.

2.     Describe the evolution of Hawaiian society; explain the mythological foundations for ancient Hawaiian world view; and describe the meaning of pono as a fundamental value of Hawaiian culture.

3.     Analyze the role that population collapse and foreign influences played in the destruction of Hawaiian cultural practices.

4.     Describe the cultural, social, political and economic changes that took place during the monarchical period of Hawaiian history.

5.     Explain how and why the Hawaiian monarchy was overthrown, and how Hawai`i became a territory of the United States.

6.     Trace significant developments of the Territorial era, and explain the significance of World War II in Hawaiian and Pacific history.

7.     Express informed judgments and illustrate an historical understanding of issues in writing such as the Hawaiian Renaissance, recent land struggles and Hawaiian sovereignty.

8.     Communicate an understanding of the common themes in Hawaiian and Pacific Islands history.

9.     Write coherent essays describing, analyzing and explaining specific material from the course.

10.  Access and retrieve information using electronic media.







Daws,Gavan.  Shoal of Time: A History of the Hawaiian Islands. Honolulu:  University of Hawaii Press, 1968.



Students will need to retrieve additional required readings using Laulima.  Point your browser to https://laulima.hawaii.eduand use your UH username and password to log in.  These readings are located under Resources and are formatted as Portable Document Files (.pdf).  Thus, you will need to be able to regularly access the internet and have a program like Adobe Acrobat Reader which will open these files ranging in size from 44 KB to 1.6 MB. 



Three Scantron Forms (ABF-883) These sheets have 50 multiple choice questions on the front, fifteen matching questions on the back, and a lined section on the back labeled "Short Essay/Completion."




Examinations3 X 100 points each = 300 (43%)
Writing Project (3 parts)  (25 + 50 + 75)  = 150 (21%)
Think/Writes (or SL Journals)5 X 20 points each = 100 (14%)
Class/Homework Assignments  = 100 (14%)
Attendance   25 X 2 points each    =   50  ( 7%)
Total points possible
= 700





To measure knowledge and understanding of historical information, there will be three examinations that will include in-class objective questions (i.e. multiple choice, matching) and take-home essay questions. By allowing essay questions to be taken home, the instructor hopes to promote a more critical analysis of course content.  The take-home essay questions will be given to students one week before the objective exam, and your essay is due on exam day. I will not accept late essays (see Class Schedule online for exam dates).  Exam questions will be based on reading assignments and the material presented in class lectures.  A study guide for each unit is available on the instructor's web site.  These study guides should help students focus on the important concepts, terms, and people.  You must come prepared for each exam with your scantron form, #2 pencil, and an eraser.  Examinations cannot be made up without a good reason, and a student may be asked to provide written documentation to take a make up exam (i.e. doctor's or employer's note).  Make up exams are essay in nature and must be taken at the testing center in the library.



To teach writing as a process, there will be one writing project that must be done in three parts over the course of the semester to earn full credit.  Each part of the assignment will require you to submit a computer generated paper (see Writing Project online for specific details).  You will need to meet specific deadlines for each part of this project (see Class Schedule).  Late papers will not be accepted for Parts I & II because there will be in-class peer review sessions directly related to these.  Late papers will be accepted for Part III, but will be assessed a penalty of five points for each class day a paper is late.   



To help you make connections between your existing knowledge and the new insights and information being acquired in this class, you will submit five Think/Write assignments during the semester.  These will give you the opportunity to share your experiences and points-of-view regarding the various issues raised in class.  You will be choosing from a list of Think/Write questions on the instructor's web site.  Questions will be added to the list on a regular basis, and students are encouraged to submit potential Think/Write questions for extra credit.  Each Think/Write should be about 250-500 words in length. 


You will post each Think/Write in the discussion area of Laulima by 11:59 p.m. on the day it's due.  Be mindful that your readers for these Think/Writes are your classmates and the instructor.   You will be required to read all the Think/Writes posted by your classmates by the start of the class period following the posted deadline and participate in a discussion where you will have an opportunity to comment on what you've learned from your classmates' Think/Writes.  You will be graded on your ability to communicate your ideas and make connections to course content.  These should be well organized, clearly written, and free of grammar and spelling errors. If you choose the Service Learning option, you will substitute SL Journals for Think/Writes #2, 3 & 4 (see pg. 4 of this syllabus).  Late Think/Writes (or SL Journals) will not be accepted (see Class Schedule). 



To encourage class participation, there will be class assignments that include freewrites, paired sharing, small group activities, answering questions based on videos shown in class, and reflecting on your visits to historical sites.  These assignments vary in points (2 to 10 points) depending on the level of difficulty and the time needed to complete each assignment.  In general, class assignments are completed during class, but if time doesn't permit completion during class, students will be asked to complete the task as homework.  If the assignment is based on a video shown in class or a group activity, there will be no make up opportunities.  If the assignment is based on a reading or site visit, there may be an opportunity to make up the assignment, but it must be submitted before we start the next unit. 



To build a learning community it is essential that you attend class.  Roll will be taken at the start of each class period (except exam days).  If you are in class when roll is taken, you will earn two attendance points for that day.  If you are late to class (i.e. tardy), you are responsible for notifying the instructor at the end of that class so you can earn one point for that day.  You are expected to stay in class for the duration of the class period.  If leaving class early becomes habitual, the instructor reserves the right to deduct a point (i.e. treated like a tardy).  If your cell phone rings during class, you will forfeit your attendance points for that class day. If it rings during an exam, two points will be deducted from your test. 





 (maximum of 30 points)

Students are encouraged to watch for articles in newspapers & magazines, programs on television, and events around town for reaction paper topics. If you find anything relating to this history course and would like to write an extra credit reaction paper on it, you should consult with the instructor first to verify its relevance.  You may also answer additional Think/Write questions, or attend Secrets of Success (SOS) workshops for extra credit.  A typical extra credit assignment is worth 10 points and usually consists of a reaction paper (250-500 words in length).  Handwritten extra credit papers will be accepted only if they are legible.  You may submit these throughout the semester.  The last day to submit any extra credit is the last day of instruction.  Students who choose the Service Learning option will write an end-of-semester reflection essay that will count as their full 30 extra credit points (see page 4 of this syllabus).




Kapi`olani Community College's Service Learning Program encourages students to serve in the community as a way to integrate "real life" experiences with classroom learning.  It can be a very rewarding experience as you "learn to serve and serve to learn."  If you choose this option you will need to complete a minimum of 25 hours of service during the semester at an approved site/program.  If you are already doing Service Learning, and you think that it could apply to this course, you should meet with the instructor to discuss the possibility of continuing that service for this class.


Approved Site


Phone # or email

International Cafe

Linda Fujikawa

734-9712 or lindaf@hawaii.edu

S.H.I.N.E. (starts:  1/25/14)

Candice Sakuda


Mālama i na Ahupuaʻa

Ulla Hasager

956-4218 or ulla@hawaii.edu

Palolo Pipeline Program

contact info varies (see KCC SL website at right)


`Iolani Palace

Cindy Ascencio

522-0821 or volunteer@iolanipalace.org

Mission Houses Museum

Marcia Timboy

447-3918 or mtimboy@missionhouses.org

Kalaupapa Names Project

Colette Higgins


*If you want to serve at a site/program that is not listed here, I am open to the possibility

 if we can determine its relevance to this class.



1.   Attend a Service Learning orientation session. Go to www.kapiolaniserve.weebly.com for the Service Learning calendar to see the orientation dates and times.

2.      Submit your SL registration forms by 4:00 p.m. on Tuesday, February 10 at 'Iliahi 118.

3.   You will substitute SL Journals for three of your Think/Writes (about 250-500 words in length; see Class Schedule for due dates).  Watch for the special SL Journal questions for Think/Writes #2, 3 & 4. 

4.      In addition, if you choose this option you must submit a SL Reflection Essay (double-spaced, about 800-1000 words in length) that will count as your full 30 extra credit points.  In this paper you will explain how your SL experience helped you better understand the course material, and summarize what you learned about yourself and the community you served.  In other words, follow the general guidelines provided by the SL office, except that you don't have to feel compelled to discuss a societal problem.  This should be a polished paper (i.e. well organized, clearly written, free of grammar and spelling errors). Due:   Tuesday, April 28 (submit two electronic copies; one to the instructor via email attachment & one to the SL office via Laulima)


A Sampling of Service Learning

If you can't commit this semester to 25 hours of service at one site, but you'd like to give Service Learning a try, you may participate in instructor-announced service opportunities throughout the semester.  The hope is that you will experience the benefits of SL and will consider a 25 hour commitment in a future semester.


1.      You may choose to participate in whichever events fit your schedule:

a.      Waikalua Loko I'a (fishpond)) on Sat., Feb. 21 & Apr. 18 (8:00-12:00)

b.      Ulupo Heiau lo'i kalo (taro patch)) on Sat., Feb. 14, Mar. 14 & Apr. 11 (8:30-12:30)

c.      Kaniakapupupu (Kamehameha III's Summer Palace) on Sun., Feb. 1, Mar. 1 & Apr. 5 (9:00-12:00)

d.      Other events that may be announced as opportunities present themselves.

2.      You will need to inform the instructor of your intent to participate, usually by the Tuesday before an event.  This can be done in person or via email.

3.      You will have the option of answering Think/Write questions about your service experience. 






Thinking Through History by Colette Higgins & Brian Cassity on Mon, Jan. 26
Learning Styles by Colette Higgins on Mon, Mar. 2

Queen Kapi`olani & KCC, plus her Kalauapapa visit by Colette Higgins on Mon, Mar. 30












Don't miss class.  It is not possible to pass this college course by merely showing up for the examinations.  To pass this course you must make every effort to attend all the classes.  As an instructor, I have frequently observed the direct correlation between class attendance and a student's final grade in this course.  To successfully pass this class you need to attend regularly. 


Be mindful of deadlines.  Do not procrastinate!  Students are responsible for knowing when papers are due.  Failure, on the instructor's part, to announce when assignments are due, does not constitute a valid excuse for students.  It is your job to know.  It is not the instructor's job to remind you.  A Class Schedule has been provided to assist you in your time management.  Do not miss the due dates for the writing assignments in this course, since it is nearly impossible to make up the points.  Only 30 extra credit points are allowed in this course, therefore it is not practical to think that you can make up the missed points with extra credit.  As your instructor, I can tell you that this strategy rarely works.


Complete the reading assignments before class.  This will help you understand the lectures and will enable you to participate in class discussions.  You may want to attend the Secrets of Success Textbook Reading Strategies workshop to learn how to be an active reader.

Take good notes.  While the instructor does provide lecture outlines on the web site and powerpoints during lectures, students are responsible for all supporting information as well.  If you do not take additional notes based on what the teacher says, then you are not getting the most out of each lecture.  The key to easy studying is good note taking.  You may want to attend the Secrets of Success Taking Notes workshop to learn notetaking strategies.

Ask questions.  Don't be afraid to ask questions.  All inquires will be welcomed by the instructor.  Please ask for clarification on information and assignments at the moment of confusion, even if it means "interrupting" the lectures.  It is the student's responsibility to let the instructor know when (s)he is confused.  If you say nothing, I assume you understand the material. 

Talk to the instructor.  I am here to assist you.  Feel free to talk to me if you are having any difficulties in class.  Even if you are not having difficulties, you are invited to visit with me in my office.  Let's get to know each other.  

Be considerate.  It is essential that you listen to what is being discussed in class.  Be considerate of the instructor and your peers by refraining from any unnecessary talking.  During class, please put your cellular phones on vibrator to avoid any distractions (you will forfeit two points if it rings during class).  Please do not text message or surf the internet during class.  You should make every attempt to be in class by the starting time.  If you are late, try to be as inconspicuous as possible when entering the classroom.  If, for some unavoidable reason, you need to leave class early, please inform the instructor at the start of class and sit near the door to make for an easier exit.  If leaving class early becomes habitual, the instructor reserves the right to deduct a point (i.e. treated like a tardy).

Don't cheat or plagiarize.  "Academic dishonesty cannot be condoned by the University.  Dishonesty includes cheating and plagiarism; it is a violation of the Student Conduct Code and may result in expulsion from the University."  Students should consult the Student Conduct Code for specific examples of cheating and plagiarism.

KCC is committed to the success of its students by providing an environment conducive to teaching and learning and by encouraging connections to learning support resources. The college has implemented a MySuccess/Early Alert system accessible via MyUH portal.  Using a student's UH email address, MySuccess will email kudos or concerns from your instructor regarding your class progress. Counselors/advisors may also reach out to provide support and connection to resources. Please keep in contact with your instructors throughout the semester regarding your progress and respond immediately to any notification of concern that you may receive to help ensure your success this semester. 



This sheet has been provided for your convenience.  Recording your points as you get the results can be very useful in determining your grade for this course.  You may ask the instructor about your grade at any time during the semester.  For individualized grade advising, please make an appointment.  Last day to withdraw from this class with a "W" is Tuesday, March 31, 2015.


ATTENDANCE (2 points each)                                       **Attendance will not be taken on exam days.**


________         ________         ________         ________         ________         ________         ________


________         ________         ________         ________         ________         ________         ________


________         ________         ________         ________         ________         ________         ________


________         ________         ________         ________         ________         ________         ________



CLASS ASSIGNMENTS (100 points total)


#1________    #2________    #3 ________  #4________    #5_________ #6  ________


#7________    #8________    #9________    #10________ #11________ #12________


#13________ #14________ #15________ #16________ #17________ #18________




               EXAMS                                         THINK/WRITES  (or) SL JOURNALS                                   

               (100 points each)                          (20 points each)                                                          


               #1          _______                          #1_______      #2_______                                                  


               #2          _______                          #3_______      #4_______     


               #3          _______                          #5_______                                   


WRITING PROJECT (150 points total)                                                                   


               Part  I (25 points)          _______

                                                                                                         EXTRA CREDIT

               Part II (50 points)          _______

                                                                                                         (10 points each)                                            description

               Part III (75 points)        _______

                                                                                                         #1          _______           _______________________


                                                                                                         #2          _______           _______________________


                                                                                                         #3          _______           _______________________

                            GRADE SCALE                                                       

                              A = 630 - 700                                                           

                              B = 560 - 629                                                            Photo (5 bonus points) ________

                              C = 490 - 559                                                          

                              D = 420 - 489                                                                                                                       

                              F = Below 420