HAWAIIAN HISTORY (DH, WI & HAP) Instructor:  Colette Higgins
HISTORY 284 -- Spring 2012 Office: Kalia 101A
  Telephone:  734-9282
Sec. 33861 (MW 3:15-4:30 p.m.) Manele 103 e-mail:  chiggins@hawaii.edu
  Office Hours:
  Wednesdays (2:00-3:00 p.m.)
Instructor’s web site:  http://www2.hawaii.edu/~chiggins/ and by appointment



PREREQUISITE:  Completion of ENG 100, 160, or ESL 100 with a grade of "C" or higher.


RECOMMENDED PREPARATION:  Completion of HIST 152; HWST 107 or HAW 101.



This course surveys the origins and evolution of the ancient Hawaiian society and culture, the changes during the monarchial period, and the transformation of Hawai‘i as an American territory and state.  As a Writing Intensive (WI) course, you will be expected to write a minimum of 4,000 words (about 16 pages) of formal writing.  In addition, this course fulfills both KCC’s and UHM’s HAP requirement in that it provides a native voice to Hawaiian history and includes topics about the Pacific or Asia in 10 of the 15 weeks.  For those students who want to incorporate community service into their course work, this course also has a Service Learning option.





Upon successful completion of this course, you should be able to:

       Š Trace the origins and migrations of ancient Polynesians, culminating in their discovery and settlement of Hawai‘i.

       Š Describe the evolution of Hawaiian society; explain the mythological foundations for ancient Hawaiian world view; and describe the meaning of pono as a fundamental value of Hawaiian culture.

       Š Analyze the role that population collapse and foreign influences played in the destruction of Hawaiian cultural practices.

       Š Describe the cultural, social, political and economic changes that took place during the monarchical period of Hawaiian history.

       Š Explain how and why the Hawaiian monarchy was overthrown, and how Hawai‘i became a territory of the United States.

       Š Trace significant developments of the Territorial era, and explain the significance of World War II in Hawaiian and Pacific history.

       Š Express informed judgments and illustrate an historical understanding of issues in writing such as the Hawaiian Renaissance, recent land struggles and Hawaiian sovereignty.

       Š Communicate an understanding of the common themes in Hawaiian and Pacific Islands history.

       Š Write coherent essays describing, analyzing and explaining specific material from the course.

       Š Access and retrieve information using electronic media.


      Š _________________________________________________________________________________


      Š _________________________________________________________________________________






Students will need to retrieve additional required readings using Laulima.  Point your browser to https://laulima.hawaii.edu and use your UH username and password to log in.  These readings  are located under Resources and are formatted as Portable Document Files (.pdf).  Thus, you will need to be able to regularly access the internet and have a program like Adobe Acrobat Reader which will open these files ranging in size from 44 KB to 1.6 MB. 



Three Scantron Forms (No. 883-E) These sheets have 50 multiple choice questions on the front, fifteen matching questions on the back, and a lined section on the back labeled “Short Essay/Completion.”





            Examinations                                                  3 X 100 points each    =  300  (43%)

            Writing Project (3 parts)                                 (25 + 50 + 75)             =  150  (21%)

            Think/Writes (or SL Journals)                        5 X 20 points each      =  100  (14%)

            Class/Homework Assignments                                                           = 100  (14%)

            Attendance                                                      25 X 2 points each      =   50  (  7%)

                                                                                    Total points possible =  700 




To measure knowledge and understanding of historical information, there will be three examinations that will include in-class objective questions (i.e. multiple choice, matching) and take-home essay questions. By allowing essay questions to be taken home, the instructor hopes to promote a more critical analysis of course content.  The take-home essay questions will be given to students the class day prior to the objective exam, and your essay is due on exam day. I will not accept late essays (see Class Schedule online for exam dates).  Exam questions will be based on reading assignments and the material presented in class lectures.  A study guide for each unit is available on the instructor’s web site.  These study guides should help students focus on the important concepts, terms, and people.  You must come prepared for each exam with your scantron form, #2 pencil, and an eraser.  Examinations cannot be made up without a good reason, and a student may be asked to provide written documentation to take a make up exam (i.e. doctor's or employer's note).  Make up exams are essay in nature and must be taken at the testing center in the library.



To teach writing as a process, there will be one writing project that must be done in three parts over the course of the semester to earn full credit.  Each part of the assignment will require you to submit a computer generated paper (see Writing Project online for specific details).  You will need to meet specific deadlines for each part of this project (see Class Schedule).  Late papers will not be accepted for Parts I & II because there will be in-class peer review sessions directly related to these.  Late papers will be accepted for Part III, but will be assessed a penalty of five points for each class day a paper is late.   



To help you make connections between your existing knowledge and the new insights and information being acquired in this class, you will submit five Think/Write assignments during the semester.  These will give you the opportunity to share your experiences and points-of-view regarding the various issues raised in class.  You will be choosing from a list of Think/Write questions on the instructor’s web site.  Questions will be added to the list on a weekly basis, and students are encouraged to submit potential Think/Write questions for extra credit.  Each Think/Write should be about 250-500 words in length. 


You will post each Think/Write in the discussion area of Laulima by 11:59 p.m. on the day it’s due.  Be mindful that your readers for these Think/Writes are your classmates and the instructor.   You will be required to read all the Think/Writes posted by your classmates by the start of the class period following the posted deadline and participate in an “open forum” discussion where you will have an opportunity to comment on what you’ve learned from your classmates’ Think/Writes.  You will be graded on your ability to communicate your ideas and make connections to course content.  These should be well organized, clearly written, and free of grammar or spelling errors. If you choose the Service Learning option, you will substitute SL Journals for Think/Writes #1, 3 & 5 (see pg. 4 of this syllabus).  Late Think/Writes (or SL Journals) will not be accepted (see Class Schedule). 



To encourage class participation, there will be class assignments that include freewrites, paired sharing, small group activities, and answering questions based on videos shown in class.  These assignments vary in points (2 to 10 points) depending on the level of difficulty and the time needed to complete each assignment.  In general, class assignments should be completed during class, but if time doesn’t permit completion during class, students will be asked to complete the task as homework.  If the assignment is based on a video shown in class or a group activity, there will be no make up opportunities.  If the assignment is reading based, there may be an opportunity to make up the assignment, but it must be submitted before we start the next unit. 



To build a learning community it is essential that you attend class.  Roll will be taken at the start of each class period (except exam days).  If you are in class when roll is taken, you will earn two attendance points for that day.  If you are late to class (i.e. tardy), you are responsible for notifying the instructor at the end of that class so you can earn one point for that day.  You are expected to stay in class for the duration of the class period.  If leaving class early becomes habitual, the instructor reserves the right to deduct a point (i.e. treated like a tardy).  If your cell phone rings during class, you will forfeit your attendance points for that class day. If it rings during an exam, two points will be deducted from your test. 





 (maximum of 30 points)

Students are encouraged to watch for articles in newspapers & magazines, programs on television, and events around town for reaction paper topics. If you find anything relating to this history course and would like to write an extra credit reaction paper on it, you should consult with the instructor first to verify its relevance.  You may also answer additional Think/Write questions, or attend Secrets of Success (SOS) workshops for extra credit.  A typical extra credit assignment is worth 10 points and usually consists of a reaction paper (250-500 words in length).  Handwritten extra credit papers will be accepted only if they are legible.  You may submit these throughout the semester.  The last day to submit any extra credit is the last day of instruction.  Students who choose the Service Learning option will write an end-of-semester reflection essay that will count as their full 30 extra credit points (see page 4 of this syllabus).





Kapi‘olani Community College's Service Learning Program encourages students to serve in the community as a way to integrate "real life" experiences with classroom learning.  It can be a very rewarding experience as you "learn to serve and serve to learn."  If you choose this option you will need to complete a minimum of 20 hours of service during the semester at an approved site/program.  If you are already doing Service Learning, and you think that it could apply to this course, you should meet with the instructor to discuss the possibility of continuing that service for this class.


Approved Site


Phone # or email

International Cafe

Linda Fujikawa

734-9712 or lindaf@hawaii.edu

S.H.I.N.E. (starts:  2/4/12)

Candice Sakuda


Malama i na Ahupua’a

Nelda Quensell

734-9428 or nquensel@hawaii.edu

Palolo Pipeline Project

Ulla Hasager

956-4218 or ulla@hawaii.edu

‘Iolani Palace

Volunteer Services Asst.

522-0821 or info@iolanipalace.org

Mission Houses Museum

Volunteer Coordinator


Kalaupapa Names Project

Colette Higgins


*If you want to serve at a site/program that is not listed here, I am open to the possibility

 if we can determine its relevance to this class.



    1. Go to http://kcc.hawaii.edu/object/servicelearning for the Service Learning calendar to see the orientation dates and times, then attend a SL orientation session.
    2. Complete your SL registration by 4:00 p.m. on Friday, February 6th at 'Iliahi 129.
    3. You will substitute SL Journals for three of your Think/Writes (about 250-500 words in length; see Class Schedule for due dates).  Watch for the special SL Journal questions for Think/Writes #1, 3 & 5. 
    4. In addition, if you choose this option you must submit a SL Reflection Essay (double-spaced, about 500-800 words in length) that will count as your full 30 extra credit points.  In this paper you will summarize what you learned and explain how the SL experience helped meet at least one of the course objectives/competencies listed on page one of this syllabus.  This should be a polished paper (i.e. well organized, clearly written, free of grammar and spelling errors). Due: Wednesday, April 25th (submit two electronic copies; one to the instructor via email attachment & one to the SL office via Laulima)


A Sampling of Service Learning

If you can’t commit this semester to 20 hours of service at one site, but you’d like to give Service Learning a try, you may participate in instructor-announced service opportunities throughout the semester.  The hope is that you will experience the benefits of SL and will consider a 20 hour commitment in a future semester.


1.     You may choose to participate in whichever events fit your schedule:

a. Waikalua Loko I`a (fishpond) on Sat., Feb. 18th & Apr. 21st (8:00-12:00)

b. Ulupo Heiau lo'i kalo (taro patch) on Sat., Feb. 11th, Mar. 10th & Apr. 14th (8:30-12:30)

c.   Kaniakapupupu (Kamehameha III’s Summer Palace) on Sun., Feb. 5, Mar. 4th & Apr. 1st (9:00-12:00)

d.   Other events that may be announced as opportunities present themselves.

2.     You will need to inform the instructor of your intent to participate by the deadline specified for the event.  This can be done in person or via email.

3.     You will have the option of answering Think/Write questions about your service experience. 




       Š You may submit drafts of your Think/Writes and Writing Project to the instructor for review and feedback, but drafts will only be accepted up to one week prior to a paper's deadline. 

       Š Students who attempt to put papers in the instructor’s mail tray, or send it via e-mail, will assume all risks and responsibilities inherent in those methods of submission.

       Š Late papers will not be accepted in this class.  The only exception to this rule is Writing Project (Part 3), which will be accepted late, but with a five point penalty for each class day that it’s late.



      Š Various workshops are offered here at Kapi‘olani Community College to assist students with their study skills. The Secrets of Success (SOS) series of workshops are strongly recommended to all college students, especially first year students who find it difficult to cope with the many challenges of college life.  These workshops are usually held in the library from 12:15-1:15 p.m.  For the complete Spring 2012 SOS schedule go to http://library.kcc.hawaii.edu/SOS/index.html.  Certain workshops are particularly relevant to this Hawaiian history class, they are:

Thinking Through History presented by Colette Higgins & Brian Cassity on Mon, Jan. 30th

Learning Styles presented by Colette Higgins on Mon, Feb. 27th

Queen Kapi'olani presented by Colette Higgins on Mon, Apr. 2nd


      Š Are you a first- or second-semester student with questions about campus services available to you?  Do you need to know who to contact for advising about courses for your major?  Are you feeling uneasy about college and just need help and support? If so, you are invited to visit the First-Year Experience (FYE) office (1st floor 'Iliahi near Subway), email them at kapstart@hawaii.edu or call 734-9245.


      Š Extended time for exams in a distraction-free environment is an appropriate accommodation based on a student's disability.  If you have a disability and have not voluntarily disclosed the nature of your disability and the support you need, you are invited to contact the Disability Support Services Office (DSSO) at 734-9552 (V/TTY), `Ilima 103, for assistance.


      Š This and all other materials are available in alternate format upon request.




     Š In all campus environments, Disruptive Behavior will not be tolerated. This means: any speech or action that (1) is disrespectful, offensive, and/or threatening; (2) interferes with the learning activities of other students; (3) impedes the delivery of college services; and/or (4) has a negative impact in any learning environment.  Please refer to the Student Conduct Code at http://kcc.hawaii.edu/page/policies#2 for actions that the college may impose for such behavior.


      Š Please note that important information from the college and your instructor will be sent to your hawaii.edu e-mail address.  Faculty are required to use this e-mail address when corresponding with their students.  If you don’t regularly check that e-mail and would prefer to receive your messages through a non-University account that you already have, you may forward mail from hawaii.edu.  Go to http://myuhinfo.hawaii.edu/object/IO_695.html for specific directions on how to do it.


      Š In the event of the instructor’s absence, college policy requires students to wait 15 minutes before leaving.






Don't miss class.  It is not possible to pass this college course by merely showing up for the examinations.  To pass this course you must make every effort to attend all the classes.  As an instructor, I have frequently observed the direct correlation between class attendance and a student's final grade in this course.  To successfully pass this class you need to attend regularly. 


Be mindful of deadlines.  Do not procrastinate!  Students are responsible for knowing when papers are due.  Failure, on the teacher's part, to announce when assignments are due, does not constitute a valid excuse for students.  It is your job to know.  It is not the instructor's job to remind you.  A Class Schedule has been provided to assist you in your time management.  Do not miss the due dates for the writing assignments in this course, since it is nearly impossible to make up the points.  Only 30 extra credit points are allowed in this course, therefore it is not practical to think that you can make up the missed points with extra credit.  As your instructor, I can tell you that this strategy rarely works.


Complete the reading assignments before class.  This will help you understand the lectures and will enable you to participate in class discussions.  You may want to attend the Secrets of Success Textbook Reading Strategies workshop to learn how to be an active reader.


Take good notes.  While the instructor does provide lecture outlines on the web site and on powerpoints during lectures, students are responsible for all supporting information as well.  If you do not take additional notes based on what the teacher says, then you are not getting the most out of each lecture.  The key to easy studying is good note taking.  You may want to attend the Secrets of Success Taking Notes workshop to learn notetaking strategies.


Ask questions.  Don't be afraid to ask questions.  All inquires will be welcomed by the instructor.  Please ask for clarification on information and assignments at the moment of confusion, even if it means "interrupting" the lectures.  It is the student's responsibility to let the instructor know when (s)he is confused.  If you say nothing, I assume you understand the material. 


Talk to the instructor.  I am here to assist you.  Feel free to talk to me if you are having any difficulties in class.  Even if you are not having difficulties, you are invited to visit with me in my office.  Let's get to know each other.


Be considerate.  It is essential that you listen to what is being discussed in class.  Be considerate of the instructor and your peers by refraining from any unnecessary talking.  During class, please put your cellular phones on vibrator to avoid any distractions (you will forfeit two points if it rings during class).  Please do not text message or surf the internet during class.  You should make every attempt to be in class by the starting time.  If you are late, try to be as inconspicuous as possible when entering the classroom.  If, for some unavoidable reason, you need to leave class early, please inform the instructor at the start of class and sit near the door to make for an easier exit.  If leaving class early becomes habitual, the instructor reserves the right to deduct a point (i.e. treated like a tardy).


Don't cheat or plagiarize.  "Academic dishonesty cannot be condoned by the University.  Dishonesty includes cheating and plagiarism; it is a violation of the Student Conduct Code and may result in expulsion from the University" (http://kcc.hawaii.edu/page/policies#2).  Students should consult the Student Conduct Code at for specific examples of cheating and plagiarism.







This sheet has been provided for your convenience.  Recording your points as you get the results can be very useful in determining your grade for this course.  You may ask the instructor about your grade at any time during the semester.  For individualized grade advising, please make an appointment. 

Last day to withdraw from this class with a "W" is Monday, April 2, 2012.


ATTENDANCE (2 points each)                                **Attendance will not be taken on exam days.**


________        ________        ________        ________        ________        ________        ________


________        ________        ________        ________        ________        ________        ________


________        ________        ________        ________        ________        ________        ________


________        ________        ________        ________        ________        ________        ________



CLASS ASSIGNMENTS (100 points total)


#1________    #2________    #3 ________   #4________    #5_________  #6  ________ 


#7________    #8________    #9________    #10________  #11________  #12________


#13________  #14________  #15________  #16________  #17________  #18________




EXAMS                                  THINK/WRITES (or)  SL JOURNALS                                

(100 points each)                    (20 points each)                                   


            #1        ______                      #1_______      #2_____                                           


            #2        ______                      #3_______     #4_____                        


            #3        _______                     #5_______             


WRITING PROJECT (150 points total)                                                     


            Part  I (25 points)       _______


            Part II (50 points)       _______


            Part III (75 points)     _______


EXTRA CREDIT  (10 points each)                                                                                                 


#1        _______          _______________________                                              


#2        _______          _______________________


#3        _______          _______________________



Photo (5 bonus points)           ________




A = 630 - 700  

B = 560 - 629

C = 490 - 559

D = 420 - 489

F = Below 420