Toward Self-Rule in India (1914-47) I. Promises & Repression A. Indians served during WWI B. Government of India Act (1919) --> dyarchy 1. Indians -- agriculture, health, education 2. British -- taxes, police, courts C. Rowlatt Acts (1919) D. Amritsar Massacre (1919) II. Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948) A. studied law in Britain B. South Africa (1893-1914) 1. experienced racial injustice 2. Indian clients = former indentured laborers 3. satyagraha = truth force C. returns to India in 1915 1. Mahatma = Great Soul 2. leads Indian National Congress (1920s) a) cultivated alliances with leaders b) identified with the multitudes D. three massive campaigns 1. non-cooperation (1920-22) 2. salt march (1930-32) 3. Quit India (1942) E. domestic programs 1. abolition of untouchability 2. cultural policies 3. prohibition 4. appropriate technology 5. Hindu-Muslim unity III. Independence (1947) A. realpolitik B. partition 1. India (Hindu) 2. Pakistan (Muslim) C. mass migration (12 million) D. Kashmir & Bangladesh Think/Write What do you think of Gandhis non-violent methods? Wherein is courage required -- in blowing others to pieces from behind a cannon, or with a smiling face to approach a cannon and be blown to pieces?