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Chapter 5

5-1-1 fu:r sub me:nsa: se: ce:la:vit.

thief.3.m.nom.sg under table.1.f.abl.sg himself.acc.sg hide.1.perf.act.ind.3sg

'The thief hid himself under the table.' (5-1)

5-1-2 capti:vi: se: interfe:ce:runt.

prisoner.2.m.nom.3pl themselves.acc.pl kill.3a.perf.act.ind.3pl

'The prisoners killed themselves.' (5-1)

5-1-3 puella sibi equum e:mit

girl.1.f.nom.sg herself.dat.sg horse.2.m.acc.sg buy.3.perf.act.ind.3sg

'The girl bought herself a horse.' (5-1)

5-5-1 ego ipse centurio:nem serva:vi:.

I.m.nom.sg myself.m.nom.sg centurion.3.m.acc.sg save.1.per.act.ind.1sg

'I saved the centurion myself.' (5-5)

5-5-2 vo:s ipsi: in taberna: bibe:ba:tis.

you.nom.pl yourself.m.nom.pl in inn.a.f.abl.sg drink.3.imperf.act.ind.2pl

'You yourselves used to drink at the inn.'

5-5-3 subito: gladia:to:re:s ipso:s vi:dimus

suddenly gladiator.3.m.acc.pl self.3.m.acc.pl see.1.m.perf.act.ind.1.pl

'Suddenly we saw the gladiators themselves.' (5-5)

5-5-4 dea ipsa mihi appa:ruit.

goddess.1.f.nom.sg herself.f.nom.sg me.dat.1sg appear.2.perf.act.ind.3sg

'The goddess herself appeared to me.' (5-1; 5-5)

5-5-5 haec est statua ipsi:us Caesaris

this.f.nom.sg be.pres.3sg statue.1.f.nom.sg himself.3.m.gen.sg

'This is a statue of Caesar himself.' (5-5)

5-7-1 eandem puellam iterum vi:dimus.

the.same.acc.3sg girl.1.f.acc.sg again see.3.per.act.ind.1pl

'We saw the same girl again.' (5-7)

5-7-2 nu:ntius co:dem die: reve:ni:t.

messenger.2.m.nom.sg the.same.dat.sg day.5.m.abl.sg return.4.pres.act.ind.3sg

'The messenger returns the same day." (5-7)

5-7-3 ei:dem servi: in agri:s labo:ra:bant

the.same.nom.pl slave.2.m.nom.pl in field.2.m.abl.pl

'The same slaves were working in the fields.' (5-7)

5-8-1 re:cs mihi signum dedit. quod simulac vi:di:, victimam ad a:ram du:csi:.

king.3.m.nom.sg I.m.dat.sg signal.2.n.acc.sg give.3.per.act.ind.3sg which.n.acc.sg as.soon.as see.3.per.act.ind.1sg victim.1.f.acc.sg at altar.1.f.acc.sg lead.3.per.act.ind.1sg

'The king gave me a signal. Which, as soon as I saw it, I led the victim to the altar.'

5-8-2 iu:decs "hic vir," inquit, "est innoce:ns." quibus verbi:s audi:ti:s, specta:to:re:s i:ra:tissimi:erant.

judge.3.m.nom.3sg this.m.nom.sg man.2.m.nom.sg," say.perf.act.ind.3sg be.3.pres.act.ind.3sg innocent.3.m.nom.3sg. which.n.abl.pl word.2.n.abl.pl hear.4.perf.pass.particip.abl.pl spectators.3.m.nom.pl angry.superlative.nom.pl. be.imperf.act.ind.3pl

'"This man," said the judge, "is innocent." When they heard these words, the spectators were extremely angry.' (5-8) [see also 4-1 for superlativeof adjectives, and 7e-4 for perfect passive participles--added by Group 3] [All three words quibus verbi:s audi:ti:s could be either dative or ablative plural--because of the syncretism between these cases in the plural--but should be interpreted here as ablative: this is an ablative absolute construction (see 14-6m), literally, 'these words having been heard'--BWB]

5-8-3 dominus ancillam ad forum mi:si:t. quae cum cibum compara:visset, ad villam ciliriter reve:nit.

master.2.m.nom.sg slave-girl1.f.acc.sg to(at) marketplace.2.n.acc.sg send.3.perf.act.ind.3sg who.f.nom(sg) when food.2.m.acc.sg obtain.1.m.pluperf.act.sub.3sg to(+acc) villa.1.f.acc.sg quickly back.3a.perf.act.ind.3sg

'Master sent a slave-girl to the marketplace. When she got the food, she came back to the house quickly.' (5-8, 7a-1)

5-9-1 fe:minae quaedam extra: ia:nuam sta:bant.

woman.1.f.nom.pl a.certain.f.nom.pl outside door.1.f.acc.sg stand.1.inp.act.ind.3pl

'Certain women were standing outside the door.' (5-9)

5-9-2 sena:tor qui:dam extra: ia:nuam subito: surre:csit. (9-1)

senator.m.nom.sg one.m.nom.sg suddenly.adv. get.up.3.pres.act.ind.3sg. [check this tense again--BWB]

'A certain senator gets up suddenly.'

5-9-3 quo:sdam homine:s in foro: co:nspecsi:

a certain.m.acc.pl man.3.acc.pl in(at) marketplace.2.n.abl.sg catch sight of.3a.perf.act.ind.1sg

'I caught sight of certain men at the market place.' (5-9)

5-13-1 that in 'That old man is the consul.': ille (3.m.nom.sg)

5-13-2 what in 'What has happened?': quid (n.nom.sg) (5-8)

5-13-3 no one in 'I found no one there.': ne:minem (acc) (5-12)

5-13-4 certain in 'We were detained in the city by certain business.': quo:dam (n.abl.sg) (5-9)

5-13-5 herself in 'The queen stabbed herself.': se: (f.acc.sg) (5-1)

5-13-6 herself in 'The soldiers siezed the queen herself.': ipsam (3.f.acc.sg)

5-13-7 the same in 'I again gave my message, to the same slave as before.': ei:dem (m.dat.sg) (5-8)

5-13-8 them in 'He ran after the men, but couldn't catch them.': eo:s (acc) (5-6)

5-13-9 this in 'Where is this horse's owner?': huius (m.gen.sg) (5-2)

5-13-10 you in 'I will tell you the reason, my firends.': vo:s (acc.pl) (5-1)

5-13-11 whose in 'Thee slave-girls ran up, with whose help the fire was extinguished.': qua:rum (f.gen.pl)

5-13-12 whole in 'He became king of the whole island.': toti:us (m.gen.sg) (5-11)

5-13-13 that and of yours in 'I was bitten by that dog of yours.': isto: (m.abl.sg) (5-4)

5-13-14 one in 'One merchant was doing very good business.': qui:dam (m.nom.sg) (5-9)

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