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Chapters 15 to 18

15-1-1 per to:tam noctem pugna:vimus.

for whole.1.f.acc.sg night.3.f.acc.sg fight.1.per.act.ind.1pl

'We fought for the whole night.' (15-1a)

15-1-2 qui:nto die: ami:cus adve:nit.

fifth.1.m.abl.sg day.5.m.abl.sg friend.2.m.nom.sg arrive.4.perf.act.ind.3sg

'The friend arrived on the fifth day'(15-1b)

15-1-3 octo: anno:s seneks in urbe habita:bat.

eight year.2.m.acc.pl old man.3.m.nom.sg. in city.3.f.abl.sg. live.1.imperf.act.ind.3sg

'The old man lived in the city for eight years.' (15-1a)

15-1-4 secunda: ho:ra: e: lecto: surre:csi:.

second.1,2.f.abl.sg hour.1.f.abl.sg from bed.2.m.abl.sg get up.3.perf.act.ind.1sg

'At the second hour I got up from bed.' (15-1b)

15-2-1 ne:mo: in foro: erat; nam omne:s ci:ve:s ad amphithea:trum testi:nabant.

no.one in market-place.2.nom.abl.sg be.impf.irr.ind.3sg for all citizen.3.m.nom.pl to amphitheater.2.n.acc.sg hurry.1.impf.act.ind.3pl

'No one was in the marketplace for all the citizens were hurrying to the amphitheater.' (15-2a)

15-2-2. merca:to:re:s, ex I:talia: profecti:, in Sicilia: duo:s me:nse:s ma:nse:runt.

merchants.3.m.nom.pl from Italy.1.f.abl.sg set out.pres.act.part. in Sicily.1.f.abl. two.m.acc. month.3.m.acc.pl stay.perf.act.ind.3pl

'The merchants, having set out from Italy, stayed in Sicily for three months.'(15-1a,2b,2c)

15-2-3 pater tuus heri ru:re abiit, ut pompam Ro:mae apecta:ret.

father.3.m.nom.sg. your.1,2.m.nom.sg yesterday country.3.n.abl.sg. go.away.4.perf.act.ind.3sg so that procession.1.f.acc.sg. Rome.1.f.loc.sg. watch.1.imperf.act.subj.3sg

'Your father went away from the countryside yesterday, so that he could watch the procession in Rome.' (15-2d)

15-2-4 hodie: domi: labo:ro:; cra:s tamen iter Athe:na:s faciam.

today at home.4.f.loc.sg work.1.pres.act.ind.1sg tomorrow however journey.3.n.nom.sg Athens.1.f.acc.pl make.3a.fut.act.ind.1sg

'Today I work at home; however, I will make a journey to Athens tomorrow.' (15-2d)

15-2-5 nu:ntii: pri:ma: lu:ce Pompe:ii:s discesse:runt et Ro:mam contende:runt.

messenger.2.m.nom.pl at dawn Pompeii 2.m.abl.pl depart 3.perf.act.ind.3pl and Rome 1.f.acc.sg hurry 3.perf.act.ind.3pl

'At dawn the messengers departed from Pompeii and hurried to Rome.' (15-2d)

15-2-6 centurio:, De:vae in pugna: vulnera:tus, in Galliam redi:re tempta:vit; Londonii: autem mortuus est.

centurion.3.m.nom.sg Chester.1.fem.loc.sg in fight.1.f.abl.sg injure.1.per.pass.part.3sg to Gaul.1.f.acc.sg return.2.inf try.1.per.act.ind.3sg London.2.n.loc.sg but dead.m.nom.sg be.pres.ind.irr.sg

'The centurion, having been injured in the fight in Chester, tried to return to Gaul, but was dead in London.' (15-2diii)

17-4-1 puella, quae in cubiculo: dormie:bat, nihil audi:vit.

girl.1.f.nom.sg who.f.nom.sg in bedroom.2.n.abl.sg sleep.4.impf.act.ind.3sg nothing hear.4.per.act.ind.3sg

'The girl who was sleeping in the bedroom heard nothing.' (17-4)

17-4-2. hic est gladius quo: re:cs occi:sus est.

this.m.nom.sg is.irr.1.pres.act.ind.3sg sword.2m.nom.sg that.m.abl.sg emperor.3.m.nom.sg kill.3.perf.pass.ind.3sg

'This is the sword by which the emperor was killed'(17-4)

17-4-3 gemmae, qua:s merca:tor in A:frica: e:merat, pretiio:sissimae erant.

jewel.1.f.nom.pl which.f.acc.pl merchant.3.m.nom.sg in Africa.1.f.abl.sg buy.3.pluperf.act.ind.3.sg expensive.superlative.1,2.f.nom.pl be.imperf.irr.ind.3pl

'The jewels, which the merchant had bought in Africa, were the most expensive.' (17-4)

17-4-4 templum, quod in medio: oppido: sta:bat, saepe vi:sita:bam.

temple.2.n.acc.sg which.n.nom.sg in the middle of.1,2.n.abl.sg town.2.n.abl.sg stand.1.imperf.act.ind.3sg often visit.1.imperf.act.ind.1sg

'I often used to visit the temple which was standing in the middle of the town.' (17-4)

17-4-5 ubi sunt cliente:s quibus heri cibum dedimus.

where be pres.irr.act.ind.3pl client 3.m.nom.pl who m.dat.pl yesterday food 2.m.acc.sg give 3.perf.act.ind.1pl

'Where are the clients to whom we gave food yesterday?' (17-4)

17-4-6 senex cuius pecu:niam pueri: inve:nerant gra:tia:s maxima:s ei:s e:git.

old.man.3.m.nom.sg who.m.gen.sg money.1.f.acc.sg boy.2.m.nom.pl find.3a.pluper.act.ind.3pl thanks.1.f.acc.pl very.great.1.f.acc.pl he.m.dat.pl give.3.per.act.ind.3sg

'The old man whose money the boys had found gave them very great thanks.'

18-7-1 in media: pompa: ambula:bant septem capti:vi:. capti:vus pri:mus superbe: circumspecta:bat; ce:teri: lacrima:bant. in the.middle.of.1.f.abl.sg procession.1.f.abl.sg wald.1.impf.act.ind.3pl seven prisoner.2.m.nom.pl prisoner.2.m.nom.sg first.1.m.nom.sg arrogantly look.around.1.impf.act.ind.3sg the.others.2.n.nom.pl cry.1.impf.act.ind.3pl

'Seven prisoners were walking in the middle of the procession. The first prisoner was arrogantly looking around; the others were crying.' (18-5a)

18-7-2. fra:ter tuus pri:mus adve:nit, ultimus discessit.

brother.2.m.nom.sg your first.1.m.nom.sg arrive.4.per.ind.act.3sg last.1.m.nom.sg depart.3.perf.act.ind.3g

'Your brother has arrived first, he has left last.'(18-1)

18-7-3 ubi Cladiiius appa:ruit, mi:litee:s eum impera:to:rem salu:ta:ve:runt.

when Cladius.2.m.nom.sg appear.2.perf.act.ind.3.sg soldier.3.m.nom.pl he.m.acc.sg emperor.3.m.acc.sg hail.1.perf.act.ind.3.pl

'When Cladius appeared, soldiers hailed him as emperor.'(18-4b)

18-7-4 Claudius impera:tor vene:no: neca:tus est.

Clautius.2.m.nom.sg emperor.3.m.nom.sg poison.2.n.abl.sg kill.1.perf.pass.ind.3sg

'Emperor Claudius was killed with poison.' (18-4a)

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