Examples of soundfiles associated with selected publications and presentations

  • GrĂ¼ter, T., Takeda, A., Rohde, H. & Schafer, A. J. (2018). Intersentential coreference expectations reflect mental models of events. Cognition, 177, 172-176. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2018.04.015

  • Examples of critical conditions (note: speech begins 2 secs after file onset)
    Perfective aspect in context; Goal reference in continuation

    Perfective aspect in context; Source reference in continuation

    Progressive aspect in context; Goal reference in continuation

    Progressive aspect in context; Source reference in continuation

  • Dennison, H. & Schafer, A. J. (2017). Processing intonationally implicated contrast versus negation in American English. Language and Speech, 60, 174-199.
  • Critical conditions (Experiment 1 & 2): 
    Contrastive condition

    Affirmative condition
    Negative condition

    Fillers (Experiment 1 & 2): 
    Filler example 1

    Filler example 2
    Fillers example 3

  • Prosody manipulation in story continuation experiments (Schafer et al., 2015, to appear, in prep):
  • Contrastive intonation on Source/Goal: 
    Contrastive intonation on Source

    Contrastive intonation on Goal

    Broad focus sentence plus stressed/unstressed pronoun and adverb: 
    Unstressed pronoun condition

    Stressed pronoun condition

    Background sentence plus prominence manipulation on incomplete sentence:
    Background sentence

    Incomplete sentence with broad prominence

    Incomplete sentence with prominence on Source

    Incomplete sentence with prominence on Goal

  • Schafer, A.J. & Jun, S.-A.  (2002). Effects of accentual phrasing on adjective interpretation in Korean. In M. Nakayama (Ed.) Sentence Processing in East Asian Languages, Stanford: CSLI Publications.
  • Comprehension Experiments: 
    N1-modification prosody

    Adjective-focus prosody

    Default prosody

    N2-modification prosody

  • Schafer, A.J., Carlson, K., Clifton, C., & Frazier, L. (2000). Focus and the interpretation of pitch accent: Disambiguating embedded questions. Language and Speech, 43, 75-105.  [PDF
  • Experiments 1, 2, & 4:
    [Please contact me if you're interested in these]
    Experiment 3: 
    Short clause, intonation phrase

    Short clause, intermediate phrase

    Long clause, intonation phrase

    Long clause, intermediate phrase

  • Schafer, A.J., Speer, S.R.,  Warren, P., & White, S.D. (2000). Intonational disambiguation in sentence production and comprehension. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 29, 169-182.  [PDF]
  • Three productions of the Late Closure sentence from one speaker: 
    Example 1

    Example 2

    Example 3

  • Schafer, A.J., Speer, S.R., &  Warren, P. (2005). Prosodic influences on the production and comprehension of syntactic ambiguity in a game-based conversation task. In M. Tanenhaus & J. Trueswell (Eds.) Approaches to Studying World Situated Language Use: Psycholinguistic, Linguistic and Computational Perspectives on Bridging the Product and Action Tradition, Cambridge: MIT Press.  [PDF

  •  Warren, P., Schafer, A.J., Speer, S.R., & White, S.D. (2000). Prosodic resolution of prepostional phrase ambiguity in ambiguous and unambiguous situations. UCLA Working Papers in Phonetics, 99, 5-33.  [PDF
  • The High Attachment sentence produced by three different speakers: 
    Example 1

    Example 2

    Example 3

    Three productions of the Low Attachment sentence from one speaker: 
    Example 1

    Example 2

    Example 3

  • Schafer, A.J. (1998). Bounded projection: The effect of prosodic phrasing on focus interpretation.  In E. Benedicto, M. Romero & S. Tomioka (Eds.) University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics 21: Proceedings of the Workshop on Focus. Amherst: GLSA
  • Questions:
    NP Focus

    VP Focus

    Break after verb

    Break after subject

    Focus on verb

  • Schafer, A.J. & Speer, S.R. (1998). Prosodic influences on the resolution of lexical ambiguity. Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America, New York, NY.  [PDF
  • Experiment 1: Makes-Sense Judgment, Full Sentences, Natural Speech: 
    Intermediate phrase - dominant condition

    Intermediate phrase - subordinate condition

    Intonation phrase - dominant condition

    Intonation phrase - subordinate condition

    Experiment 2: Cross-Modal Naming, Sentence Fragments, Natural Speech: 
    Intermediate phrase condition

    Intonation phrase condition

    Subsequent experiments:
    Experiment 3: Cross-Modal Naming, Sentence Fragments, Durationally Altered Speech: 
    Intermediate phrase condition

    Intonation phrase condition

    Experiment 4: Cross-Modal Naming, Sentence Fragments, 
    Matched Time from Ambiguous Word to Naming Target, Natural Speech: 
    (Beep indicates onset of naming target; this example contains the largest silent interval used.) 
    Intermediate phrase condition

    Intonation phrase condition

  • Schafer, A.J. (1997). Prosodic Parsing: The Role of Prosody in Sentence Comprehension.  Doctoral Dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.  [PDF]
  • Experiment 1:
    Late Boundary

    Early Boundary

    No Boundaries

    Both Boundaries

    Other experiments: 
    Please contact me for soundfiles.

  • Schafer, A.J., Carter, J., Clifton, C. & Frazier, L.  (1996). Focus in relative clause construal. Language and Cognitive Processes, 11, 135 - 163. 
  • Experiment 1:
    Argument, accent on N1

    Argument, accent on N2

    Experiment 2:
    New NP2, "accented" RC

    Contrastive NP2, "accented" RC

    New NP2, "unaccented" RC

    Contrastive NP2, "unaccented"  RC

    Problems, questions, or comments: 

    E-Mail: aschafer@hawii.edu



    Last Modified January 2018