Research and teaching
Analysis and Experimentation
Labs (LAE Labs) The LAE Labs support research by faculty and
students from any unit in the College
of LLL. Because
our labs are integrated across research areas, they provide rich
interaction among students and faculty with distinct yet related
research questions. I currently direct the psycholinguistics
lab (distributed across multiple physical spaces) and
co-direct the eyetracking
lab. One of the meanings of the Hawaiian word lae is wisdom.
Students interested in using the
psycholinguistics lab are strongly encouraged to take LING 412
(undergrad only) or LING 640Y
and LING 632
at the first opportunity; those interested in eyetracking should also
take a section of LING 730 or 750Y that focuses on eyetracking.
- Prosody, intonation, and tone (especially the
psycholinguistics of suprasegmentals)
- Native and non-native sentence and discourse processing, in
a range of languages
- Pragmatics and information structure in sentence and
discourse processing; given, new and contrastive information
- Psycholinguistics in language documentation (field
psycholinguistics); processing sociolinguistic variation
Selected conference presentations and invited talks
A. J. (2017, July). Differences between native and non-native English
listeners in the use of prosodic focus and event structure to
anticipate discourse structure and resolve reference. Invited talk, The
Japanese Society for the Language Sciences (JSLS 19).
- Schafer, A. J. (2017, July). Contrastive prosody and grammatical aspect in native and non-native reference resolution. National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics, Tokyo.
- Grüter, T., Takeda, A., Ling, W., Rohde, H.,
& Schafer, A. J. (2017, March). Event structure modulates
anticipatory looks to potential next referents. Talk presented at the
30th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, Boston, MA. [Abstract] [PDF]
- Miyao, M., Schafer, A. J. & Schwartz, B.
(2017, March). Influence of competitors on the L2 production of English
referential expressions. Poster presented at the 30th Annual CUNY
Conference on Human Sentence Processing, Boston, MA. [PDF]
- Schafer, A. J. (2016, November). Effects of prosodic focus
on discourse processing by native speakers versus second language
learners. Invited talk, special session on Cross-Linguistic Speech
Production and Perception, 5th Joint Meeting of the Acoustical Society
of America and the Acoustical Society of Japan, Honolulu. [PDF] [Soundfiles]
- Grüter, T., Takeda, A., Rohde, H., & Schafer, A. J.
(2016, November). L2 listeners show anticipatory looks to upcoming
discourse referents. Poster presented at the 41st Boston University
Conference on Language Development, Boston, MA. [PDF]
- Ling, W., Schafer, A. J., & Grüter, T. (2016,
September). Identification and discrimination of tone by L2 learners of
Mandarin. Talk presented at Second Language Research Forum, New York,
- Esteve-Gibert, N., Portes, C., Schafer, A., Hemforth, B.
& D'Imperio, M. (2016, September). The role of individual empathic
skills on the online processing of intonational meaning. Poster
presented at the 22nd Architectures and Mechanisms for Language
Processing, Bilbao, Spain.
A. J., Takeda, A., Rohde, H. & Grüter, T. (2015, November). Mapping
prosody to reference in L2. Poster presented at the 40th Boston University Conference on
Language Development, Boston, MA. [PDF] [Soundfiles]
- Takeda, A., Schafer, A. J. & Schwartz, B. D. (2015,
November). L2 online sensitivity to English prosodic marking of new and
contrastive discourse status. Talk presented at the 40th Boston University Conference on
Language Development, Boston, MA.
- Schafer, A. J. (2015, July). Contrastive focus and
referential processing in Korean versus English. Joint meeting of the International Circle of Korean Linguistics
(ICKL) and the Harvard International Symposium on Korean Linguistics,
- Miyao, M., Schafer, A. J., & Schwartz,
B. D. (2015, March). Referential-expression preferences in English and
Japanese discourse during reading. Poster presented at the 28th Annual CUNY
Conference on Human Sentence Processing, Los Angeles, CA. [PDF]
K., Grüter, T. & Schafer, A. J. (2014, March). Effects of
morphological and prosodic focus cues on topic maintenance in Korean.
Poster presented at the 27th Annual
CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, Columbus, OH. [PDF]
- Kim, K., Grüter, T. & Schafer, A. J. (2013, March).
Effects of event-structure and topic/focus-marking on pronoun reference
in Korean. Poster presented at the 26th Annual CUNY
Conference on Human Sentence Processing, Columbia, SC. [PDF]
Education and postdoctoral training
- B.A. in Linguistics
and Anthropology, Washington
- Ph.D. in Linguistics,
of Massachusetts, 1997
- Postdoctoral Training in Spoken Sentence Processing,
and Speech-Language-Hearing, University of Kansas, 1996-1998
- Postdoctoral Training in Phonetics,
Teaching at UH
Publications (pdfs are
for personal use only)
Dennison, H. & Schafer,
A. J. (to appear). Processing intonationally implicated contrast
versus negation in American English. Language
Esteve-Gibert, N., Portes, C., Schafer, A., Hemforth, B. &
D'Imperio, M. (2016). Intonation in the processing of contrast
meaning in French: An eye-tracking study. Proceedings of Speech Prosody
2016. (pp. 1225-1229). Boston, MA. [abstract,
PDF, and video of conference presentation
Ling, W. & Schafer, A. J. (2016). Tone pair similarity and
the perception of Mandarin tones by Mandarin and English listeners.
Proceedings of the 5th International Tonal Aspects of Language,
Buffalo, NY. [PDF
T., Rohde, H., & Schafer, A. (2017). Coreference and discourse
coherence in L2: The roles of grammatical aspect and referential form. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 7,
A. J., Takeda, A., Camp, A., Rohde, H., & Grüter, T. (2015).
Effects of contrastive intonation and grammatical aspect on processing
coreference in Mainstream American English. Proceedings of the 18th
International Congress of the Phonetic Sciences, Glasgow, Scotland. [PDF
Sato, M., Schafer, A.J., &
Bergen, B.K. (2015). Metaphor priming in sentence production: Concrete
pictures affect abstract language production. Acta Psychologica, 156,
T., Rohde, H., & Schafer, A. (2014). The role of
discourse-level expectations in non-native speakers' referential
choices. In W. Orman & M. J. Valleau (Eds.) Proceedings of the 38th Annual Boston
University Conference on Language Development (BUCLD)
179-191). Cascadilla: Somerville, MA. [PDF
Sato, M., Schafer, A.J., &
Bergen, B.K. (2013). One word at a time: Mental representations of
object shape change
incrementally during sentence processing. Language & Cognition, 5,
Dennison, H. Y. & Schafer, A. J. (2011). Contrastive focus
affects word order in Korean sentence production. In H.-M. Sohh, H. M.
Cook, W. O'Grady, L. A. Serafim, & S. Y. Cheon (Eds.) Japanese/Korean Linguistics, 19
(pp. 483-497). CSLI: Stanford, CA. [PDF
S. R., Warren, P., & Schafer, A. J. (2011). Situationally
independent prosodic phrasing. Laboratory
Dennison, H. Y. & Schafer, A. J. (2010). Online construction of
implicature through contrastive prosody. In Proceedings of Speech Prosody
Hwang [Jackson], K., Schafer, A.J.,
& O’Grady, W. (2010). Contrastive focus facilitates
scrambling in Korean sentence processing. In S. Iwasaki, H. Hoji, P.M.
Clancy, & S.-O. Sohn (Eds.) Japanese/Korean
(pp. 167-181). CSLI:
Stanford, CA. [PDF
Hwang, H. & Schafer, A.J. (2009). Constituent length affects
prosody and processing for a dative NP ambiguity in Korean. Journal of
Psycholinguistic Research, 38,
151-175. doi :
O’Grady, W., Schafer, A.J., Perla, J., Lee, O.-S., & Wieting,
J. (2009). A psycholinguistic tool for the assessment of language loss:
The HALA project. Language
Documentation and Conservation, 3,
100-112. [abstract & PDF
Schafer, A. J., O’Grady, W., Lee, O.-S., Perla, J., Wieting, J., &
Perdue, K. (2009). On the psycholinguistic assessment of relative
language strength in bilinguals: Evidence from Korean heritage
speakers. In Proceedings of Mental
Architecture for Processing and Learning of Language (MAPLL) 2009.
Technical Report of Language and Thought of the Institute of
Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers.
Hwang, H., Schafer, A.J., & Anderson, V.B. (2007).
of English intonation contours by native speakers and second language
learners. In Proceedings of the
International Congress of Phonetic
(pp. 713-716). Saarbrücken, Germany. [PDF
Hwang, H. & Schafer, A.J. (2006). Prosodic effects in parsing
vs. late closure sentences by second language learners and native
In Hoffmann, R. & Mixdorff (Eds.), Proceedings
(pp. 585-588). Dresden, Germany. [PDF
Schafer, A.J., Speer,
S.R., & Warren,
P. (2005). Prosodic influences on the production and comprehension
of syntactic ambiguity in a game-based conversation task. In M.
& J. Trueswell (Eds.) Approaches
to Studying World Situated
Use: Psycholinguistic, Linguistic and Computational Perspectives on
the Product and Action Tradition
(pp. 209-225). Cambridge: MIT
Speer, S.R., Warren, P., & Schafer, A.J. (2003). Intonation and
sentence processing. In M. J. Solé, D. Recansens, & J. Romero
(Eds.), Proceedings of the Fifteenth
International Congress of Phonetic Sciences
P., Speer, S.R.,
& Schafer, A.J. (2003). Wanna-contraction and prosodic
in US and NZ English. Wellington
Working Papers in Linguistics,
Schafer, A.J. & Jun,
S.-A. (2002). Effects of accentual phrasing on adjective
in Korean. In M. Nakayama (Ed.) Sentence
Processing in East Asian
Languages (pp. 223-255).
Stanford: CSLI Publications. [PDF
Schafer, A.J., Carlson, K., Clifton,
C., & Frazier,
L. (2000). Focus and the interpretation of pitch accent:
embedded questions. Language
Schafer, A.J. & Jun, S.-A. (2000). Prosody in spoken language
processing. Journal of the
Acoustical Society of Korea, 19,
Schafer, A.J., Speer,
P., & White, S.D. (2000). Intonational disambiguation
production and comprehension. Journal
of Psycholinguistic Research, 29,
Schafer, A.J. & Tuttle, S. (2000). Editors, UCLA Working Papers in Phonetics, 99.
Warren, P., Schafer, A.J., Speer, S.R., & White, S.D. (2000).
Prosodic resolution of prepositional phrase ambiguity in ambiguous and
unambiguous situations. UCLA Working
Papers in Phonetics, 99,
Speer, S.R., Warren, P., Schafer, A.J., White, S.D., & Kneale, J.
(1999). Situational constraints on the prosodic resolution of syntactic
ambiguity. In Proceedings of the
Fourteenth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences
Schafer, A.J. (1998). Bounded projection: The effect of prosodic
on focus interpretation. In E. Benedicto, M. Romero &
(Eds.) University of Massachusetts
Occasional Papers in Linguistics 21:
Proceedings of the Workshop on Focus
Amherst: GLSA. [PDF
Schafer, A.J. (1997). Prosodic Parsing: The Role of Prosody in Sentence
Comprehension. University of Massachusetts Doctoral
Schafer, A.J., Carter, J., Clifton,
C. & Frazier,
L. (1996). Focus in relative clause construal. Language
and Cognitive Processes, 11,
135 - 163. [PDF
Schafer, A.J. (1993). Editor, Proceedings
of the North East Linguistic Society 23,
Schafer, A.J. (1993). The syllable structure of Tamil nouns. In T.
Sherer, (Ed.) University of
Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics 16: Phonological
(pp. 247-274). Amherst: GLSA.
2014. Ph.D. Dissertation: Sentence
Comprehension of Event Structure in English and Japanese: An Evaluation
of the Interaction between Grammatical Aspect and Lexical Aspect.
First position: Project Associate
, Tokyo. Current position: Project Assistant Professor, Ochanomizu University
2010. Ph.D. Dissertation: Processing Implied Meaning through
This material is based upon work
supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant
. First & current position: Defense Language
2010. Ph.D. Dissertation: Message in the "Body": Effects of
Simulation in Sentence Production
. This material is based
upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0950290
First position: Postdoctoral researcher at Hiroshima
University. Current position: Associate Professor, Department of
British and English Language and Culture, Okinawa International
Kyuseek Hwang Jackson
2008. Ph.D. Dissertation: The
Effect of Information Structure on Korean Scrambling
O'Grady.) First position: Instructor at Kapiolani Community
College. Current position: L3-Stratis.
, 2008. Ph.D. Dissertation: Copula
Variability in Hawai‘i Creole Continuum
(Co-chair with Jeff
Siegel; supervision led by Andrew
Wong.) First position: Researcher at the Charlene Sato
Center for Pidgin, Creole and Dialect Studies
. Current position:
Associate Professor, Music Department, Aichi University of Arts.
, 2007, Second
Ph.D. Dissertation: Bridging
the Gap between Theoretical Linguistics and Psycholinguistics in L2
Phonology: Acquisition and Processing of English Word Stress by French
Canadian L2 Learners.
(Co-chair with Bonnie Schwartz.)
First position: Assistant Professor at the University
of Illinois. Current position: Associate Professor, Linguistics,
University of Kansas.
, 2007. Ph.D. Dissertation: Prosodic
Phrasing in Sentence Comprehension: Evidence from Native English
Speakers and Native Korean-speaking Second Language Learners of English
First position: Postdoctoral researcher at McGill University.
2003. Ph.D. Dissertation: Processing
of multiple filler-gap dependencies in Japanese
(Co-chair with William
O'Grady.) First position: Postdoc at Nara Institute of
Science and Technology. Current position: Associate Professor, School
of Systems Information Science, Future University Hakodate, Japan.
Ph.D. committee member for:
(Ling), Jonny Kim
(SLS), Hyunwoo Kim
(SLS), Jarrod Brown (Philosophy), Yunchuan Chen
(EALL), Mari Miyao
(SLS), Aya Takeda (SLS), Kelly Lin (SLS, 2016), Zhijun Wen (2015, SLS),
(2013, SLS), Carl
(2012), Apay Tang
(2011), Soyoung Kim
(2011), Kaori Ueki (2011), Hunter
(2010), Hye-Young Kwak
(2010), Sunyoung Lee (2009), Kyung Sook Shin (2007), Barbara Schulz
(2006, SLS), Hi-Sun Kim (2005, EALL), Tomoko Kozasa (2005), Napasri
Timyam (2005), P. J. Seymour (2004, Speech-Language-Hearing, U. Kansas).
, 2016. Final Project:
Perception of lexical tones across
intonational contexts in Thai. Now a Ph.D. student, U. of Hawaii
2016. Final Project: Word order choices in Tagalog. Now a Ph.D.
student, U. of Hawaii Linguistics
, 2016. Final
question intonational contours in speakers of Hawaii English and
continental English. Now a Ph.D. student, U. of Indiana Linguistics.
Final Project: Adverb scope and prosodic phrasing in Korean.
2010. Final Project: Effects of NP-type in the
Processing of Japanese Embedded Complement Sentences. Now an
application developer, Carnegie Mellon University.
2010. Final Project: Wait
"for" it: A case study of syntactic borrowing from English to Maori.
2010. M.A. Thesis: The Effect
of Repeated Measures on Bilingual Lexical Access
. Now a Ph.D.
candidate in English, University of Hawaii - Manoa.
2010. Final Project: Robustness as a design feature of language. Now a
Lecturer at the U. of Birmingham, UK.
Katherine R. Perdue
2009. Final Project: The teaching of linguistic register through
pronouns in Thai. Current position: Assistant Systems Librarian,
University of Mary Washington.
, 2007. Final Project:
The Role of Prosodic Boundaries in the Comprehension of Korean
Speech-Language Pathology, University of Kansas. M.A. Thesis: The Perception of Lexical Stress in
Auditory Word Recognition
. (Co-chair with Shari Speer and
M.A. Committee member for:
SLS), Aya Takeda (2006, SLS), Akira Omaki
Amanda Jones (2001, UCLA).
2017. Honors thesis: Accommodation in instant messaging.